Ermak Travel Guide


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Location: Uussimaa  Map




Description of Helsinki

Helsinki is the capital and the largest city in Finland. It is located on the south coast of the country, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki is part of the Uusimaa region. The influences of the East and the West are present in the daily life of Helsinki. Architecture, gastronomy, design, customs and even the local slang of the streets bear witness to a past under Russian and Swedish rule. Helsinki is the largest city Finland and also the capital of the country. It was found in Uusimaa province 1550 by a Swedish king Gustav I of Sweden. Helsinki was intended to became a trade port to compete with Hanseatic city of Ravel or Tallinn, Estonia as it is known today.

Located next to the Baltic Sea, the coastline of Helsinki extends some 100 kilometers, and hosts 300 islands off the mainland. 620 982 people live in the city of Helsinki (2014) and the metropolitan area (municipalities of Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen) has a population of one million inhabitants in total. Including other nearby municipalities, the population is around 1.4 million people, one in four Finns living in Helsinki.

Helsinki is the largest political, educational, financial, cultural and research center, as well as one of the most important cities in northern Europe. Approximately 70% of foreign companies operating in Finland have settled in the Helsinki region. Helsinki was chosen Capital of World Design for the year 2012 by the International Committee of Industrial Design Societies. Helsinki is known worldwide for its great design, which is very evident in its streets, shops and buildings. In the August 2012 edition, the Economist Intelligence Unit's study placed Helsinki in eighth place in the overall ranking of the best cities to live in. In 2011, the Monocle magazine established the city of Helsinki as the best city to live and develop in the whole world.


Helsinki Travel Destinations

Senate Square (Helsinki)

Helsinki Cathedral (Helsingin Tuomiokirkko) (Helsinki)



Government Palace (Valtioneuvoston linna) (Helsinki)

National Museum (Helsinki)

Market Square (Helsinki)

University of Helsinki



Uspenski Cathedral (Helsinki)

Kiasma, Museum of Contemporary Art (Helsinki)

Finlandia Hall (Helsinki)

Temppeliaukio Church (Helsinki)

Esplanadl Park (Helsinki)

Suomenlinna Island Fortress (Helsinki)


Helsinki Old Church (Helsingin vanha kirkko) (Helsinki)

Saint John's Church (Johanneksenkirkko) (Helsinki)









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