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Tallinn

Tallinn

 

 

Location: Tallinn, Harju County  Map

 

 

 

Description of Tallinn

Tallin is the capital of the Republic of Estonia and the county of Harju. It occupies an area of 159.2 km² in which 446,055 inhabitants live, which makes it the most populated city in Estonia and its main port. It is located on the north coast of the country, on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, 80 km south of Helsinki. Tallin is the political and economic center of the State. The city houses the headquarters of the Riigikogu (Parliament of Estonia), the presidential palace and the ministries. In addition, the stock market and the main companies in the country are located there. The city arose like a commercial port in the marine route that united Western Europe with Russia and knew its maximum apogee as Hanseatic city in the middle Average Age. After the independence of Estonia in 1991 Tallinn has resurfaced again, this time through tourism and a firm commitment to new technologies.

 

Travel Destinations in Tallinn

Saint Olav's Church (Oleviste kirik) (Tallinn)

Toompea Castle (Toompea loss) (Tallinn)

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Aleksander Nevski katedraal) (Tallinn)

 

 

 

 

Fat Margaret Tower (Paks Margareeta) (Tallinn)

Kadriorg Palace (Kadrioru loss) (Tallinn)

Holy Spirit Church (Puhavaimu kirik) (Tallinn)

Dominican Monastery (Dominiiklaste klooster) (Tallinn)

Niguliste Church (Niguliste kirik) (Tallinn)

Town Hall (Tallinna raekoda) (Tallinn)

Raeapteek (Tallinn)

 

Bronze Soldier of Tallinn

Kiek in de Kok

Saint Mary's Cathedral (Tallinna Toomkirik)

House of Blackheads (Mustpeade maja) (Tallinn)

Great Guild Hall (Suurgildi hoone) (Tallinn)

Pirita Convent of Saint Brigitta (Pirita Klooster) (Tallinn)

Estonian Museum of Applied Art and Design (Eesti tarbekunsti ja disainimuuseum) (Tallinn)

 

Lai 17

Tel. 627 4600

Bus: 3        Trolley: 1, 2

Open: 11am- 6pm Wed- Sun

www.etdm.ee

 

Etymology of Tallinn

Historically known by its old Germanic name Reval or Revel, Tallinna replaced the former name of Reval (Russian: Ревель) in 1918, when Estonia achieved independence. At the beginning of the 1920s this denomination was modified, becoming Tallinn, an exceptional case in the Estonian language, where the name of the place end in a vowel. There is still confusion in some foreign speakers about this term, confusion sustained by the fact that in Estonian the genitive case of this word ends with the suffix -a, so we have that the Tallinn Airport is called, Tallinna Lennujaam.

The ending -linna, as in Germanic -burg and in Slav -grad or -gorod originally meant "strength", although it was later used as a suffix in the formation of city names. In fact, in Estonian linn means city. The origin of the Tallinn name is debated, but it is known to be of Estonian origin. According to the most accepted theory derives from Taani-linn, which means "Danish city" term that is justified in the first construction of a fortress on the hill of Toompea by the Danes, other theories claim that it comes from Talu linn, which means "city ​​of peasants", or tali-linna that comes to mean "city of winter ".

Tallinn has several historical names, Koluvan, Lindanisse, as well as variations of the Germanic name Reval: Revalia, Revel and Reveln. The name of Reval is used by the Germans and the Swedes to designate Tallinn, and was one of the official denominations of the city until the beginning of the 20th century. This name originates in the thirteenth century and comes from the name of the old Rävala county that occupied the north of what is now Estonia. There are other ancient names to designate Tallinn, especially significant are Lindanisse and its variants, Lyndanisse in Danish, Lindanäs in Swedish and Ledenets in old Church Slavic. Kesoniemi and Rääveli in Finnish and Kolyvan (Колывань) in Old East Slavic are also old names of Tallinn.

 

 

 

 

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