Musee du Louvre (Paris)

Musee du Louvre (Paris)



Tel. 01-40 20 53 17

Subway: Palais-Royal, Louvre Rivoli, Musee du Louvre

Busses: 21, 27, 39, 48, 68, 69, 72, 95

Open: 9am-6pm Wed-Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25


Description of Musee du Louvre

Musee du Louvre is one of the most important museums not only in Paris or France, but all over the World.  History of Musee du Louvre starts in the Medieval times when King Philippe- Auguste erected a fortress here in 1190. Later king Francois I transformed imposing castle into a Renaissance building. Over a course of centuries French authorities enlarged and changed the design of Musee dy Louvre. After the French Revolution Musee du Louvre was nationalised and transformed into a public museum in 1793. Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel or Arch of Triumph was built to celebrate military victories of the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806. Another notable structure is the inverted pyramid that was designed by architect I.M. Pei and constructed in 1989. If you read "Da Vinci Code" by Dan Brown you probably will remember that Louvre plays important part in its narration.


Extensive collections of Louvre are the result of a double historical effort. To the collecting developed by the French monarchy along several centuries, the effort of the men of the Enlightenment, the disentailment work of the French Revolution, the military victories during the Napoleonic wars, and the archaeological campaigns and purchases driven throughout XIX century. The opening of the Louvre in 1793 meant, within the history of museums, the transfer of the private collections of the ruling classes (monarchy, aristocracy and Church) to galleries of public property for the enjoyment of society as a whole. That is why the Louvre was the precedent of all the great national museums, and in fact was the model for many of them. It is the most visited art museum in the world, very famous for its masterpieces, especially La Gioconda by Leonardo da Vinci. The Louvre is one of the largest museums in the world.