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Saint-Dié-des-Vosges

 

Saint-Dié-des-Vosges is a French commune, capital of the Deodatie and arrondissement of the Vosges department. Located in the historical and cultural region of Lorraine, the town is now part of the Grand Est administrative region.

Its inhabitants are called the Deodatians.

The capital of a Merovingian ban at a remarkable bend in the Meurthe valley, the town of Saint-Dié-des-Vosges has continued with prestigious Christian monasteries and sanctuaries, welcoming pilgrims and the sick. If in the twelfth century, the Saint-Dié church, erected as a chapter and its canons tried to found a city around their collegiate church and began to surround it with walls and towers, it was in the following century that the lower town lorraine was truly born from an association between the Duke of Lorraine and the collegiate church.

It is in Saint-Dié, within the Vosges gymnasium, that the Planisphere of Waldseemüller was published in 1507 which contains the first mention of the word "America" ​, name given in honor of the explorer Amerigo. Vespucci, on a card titled “Universalis Cosmographia”. This is how the city still honors the title of Godmother of America.

After the fire of July 27, 1757 in the city center, the main street was rebuilt under Stanislas, Duke of Lorraine for life. A rectilinear French town planning promotes arteries and bridges3, thus the rue Stanislas, the rue des Trois-Villes, the Grand Pont. The city is developing with the road of the French authorities. Center of subdelegation, it brings together forestry administrations, justice and especially bishopric erected in 1777.

The town experienced an industrial boom between 1830 and 1890. It is known for its clearance sale at the end of September, heir to its autumn fairs. The International Geography Festival was founded in 1989 by a private association, chaired by the mayor. The aim is to celebrate the discipline of "geography" at the beginning of October with exhibitions, conferences, events and recognition prizes, in particular the Vautrin-Lud prize crowning a career as a researcher and rankings for participation in the exhibition of scientific posters.

The city takes its name from the Christian saint Dié, founder of ban and chorevishop monk of the Colombanian rite (of Saint Colomban, Irish monk), called in Latin Deodatus, in French Déodat or Dieudonné, abbreviated by custom in Dié. The Latin base persists in the gentile. Long called Saint-Dié, the town officially took its current name of Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, sometimes abbreviated by the acronym SDDV, as of December 29, 1999. The former name, shorter, is sometimes still used . We can also trace the name of the toponym of Saint-Dié with the Vosges, to the oldest charter of Charlemagne, drawn up in Aix-la-Chapelle, January 13, 769, where the toponym of Saint-Dié in Latin is followed of the infra Vosago silva mention.