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Limoges

 

Limoges (in Occitan: Limòtges) is a commune in New Aquitaine located in the Great South-West of France, prefecture of the Haute-Vienne department and capital of the historic Limousin region.

Founded ex nihilo around the year 10 BC by the Roman Empire as the new capital for the Lemovices, under the name of Augustoritum, it became an important Gallo-Roman city. With the decline of the Empire, in the Middle Ages, it takes the name of the Celto-Gallic people who made up its region, Limousin, and is a large city, strongly marked by the cultural influence of the Saint-Martial abbey, in within the Duchy of Aquitaine whose dukes are invested and crowned in this city. From the twelfth century, its enamels were exported throughout the Christian world. In 1765, during the industrial revolution, the discovery of a kaolin deposit in the region of Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche allowed the development of the Limoges porcelain industry which would make its world famous. That which remains attached to its ostensions, was however sometimes nicknamed "the red city" or "the Rome of socialism" because of its tradition of voting on the left and the workers' events which it knew from the nineteenth until the beginning of the twentieth century. . Since the 1990s, the city has also been associated with its basketball club, Limoges CSP, several times French champion and European champion in 1993. It evolves in elite jeep and still remains the club having one of the most important French and European winners. The Limoges CSP brings to the city an international reputation by its European courses and the often “warm” atmosphere of its legendary hall of the Beaublanc sports hall. The public of all ages is knowledgeable and passionate.

Due to its heritage policy, the city has had the "City of Art and History" label since 2008.

Second most populous municipality in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region after Bordeaux, university city, third regional in importance after Poitiers but before Pau and La Rochelle, administrative center and intermediate services with all the facilities of a regional metropolis, its area Urban brought together 283,557 inhabitants in 2016, making it the sixth in the Grand Sud-Ouest region after Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier, Perpignan and Bayonne and the 38th in France. Finally, the Limousin capital is the 28th most populous municipality in France.

 

A town with a butcher's tradition, the headquarters of one of the world leaders in electrical equipment for the building industry, it is also well positioned in the luxury industry. Known and recognized as the "capital of the arts of fire" because of the still present implantation of the great porcelain houses, of its art workshops working in enamel or stained glass but also because of the development of its pole of competitiveness specializing in technical and industrial ceramics. This specificity has earned it to integrate in 2017 the network of UNESCO creative cities in the thematic category "Crafts and Popular Arts".

Placed on the first western foothills of the Massif Central, Limoges is crossed by the Vienne, of which it was originally the first fording point. Surrounded by Limousin rurality preserved from any intensive cultivation or breeding, the “city that enters the countryside” covers an area of ​​78 km2.