10 largest cities in France




Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines is a French commune located in the Haut-Rhin department, in the Grand Est region. This town is located in the historical and cultural region of Alsace but is traditionally a border town between Lorraine and Alsace. Its inhabitants are called the Sainte-Mariennes / Sainte-Mariens.


The climate of Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines is temperate, with winters that experience negative temperatures generally moderate and hot summers not devoid of sometimes significant precipitation. According to Köppen's classification, it is oceanic (Cfb), on the border with a continental climate (Dfb). The average temperature in Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines is 8.9 ° C with an amplitude of the monthly averages of 17.5 ° C. Rainfall averages 770 mm per year6. It is a typically Vosges climate which differs from that of Colmar by much higher precipitation especially in summer (770 mm per year compared to 607 mm in Colmar) and by lower temperatures of 1 ° C (winter) to 3 ° C (summer) which can be explained partly by the modest difference in altitude between the two towns (around 250 meters) and partly by the greater sunshine in Colmar. On the other hand, located just east of the crest line of the Vosges, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines is much less watered than the western slope of the Vosges, witness the annual average 990 mm recorded at Épinal.



The history of the city has been marked by centuries of mining which has attracted strong immigration from the surrounding regions. Also a place of refuge due to the ideas of tolerance of the feudal lords reigning over the southern part of the city, the Ribeaupierre, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines played a significant role in the history of Protestantism - it is in particular, in 1693, the site of the Amish schism. Curiously, the city remained divided between the Duchy of Lorraine and the seigneury of Ribeaupierre) for 4 centuries (from 1381 to 1789), until the French Revolution put an end to the feudal system. As the border marker still visible on the Bonduron bridge reminds us, the Lièpvrette then formed the border.
Thanks above all to the textile industry, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines was also an important industrial city, the third largest city in the Haut-Rhin in terms of number of inhabitants until the middle of the 19th century.
The town of Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines holds the 1914-1918 war cross with palm (citation to the Order of the Army of November 2, 1921) and the 1939-1945 war cross with vermeil star (quote, November 11, 1948, payable to the army corps).