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Narbonne

 

Narbonne is a French commune located in the department of Aude, in the Occitanie region. The town is crossed by the Canal de la Robine, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.

Narbonne is the largest and most populous municipality in the Aude department and seventh in the Occitanie region. The 53,594 inhabitants of Narbonne are called the Narbonnais. Its urban area had 91,825 inhabitants in 2013. It is also the city-center of an intermunicipal body of 125,487 inhabitants, Grand Narbonne.

Located in the heart of the “Narbonnaise en Méditerranée regional natural park”, Narbonne also has other classified natural sites, such as the Clape massif and that of the Sainte-Marie de Fontfroide abbey as well as the pond of Bages- Sigean. Founded by the Romans in 118 BC. AD, it was their second oldest colony in Gaul (after Aix-en-Provence, 122 BC) and its urban center keeps traces of many centuries of history (Saint-Just cathedral - and-Saint-Pasteur, palace of the Archbishops, remains of the Domitian way…). The town is surrounded by scrubland and vineyards (it specializes in the trade of Aude and Languedoc wines); close to the coast of a very touristy region, it has a beach of five kilometers of fine sand at Narbonne-Plage.

Its status as the oldest Roman colony in Gaul has earned it the nickname “the eldest daughter of Rome outside Italy”.

 

Description

Cathedral of Saint-Just-et-Saint-Pasteur of Narbonne
The Saint-Just-et-Saint-Pasteur cathedral is the most prestigious monument in the city of Narbonne. It has the rank of co-cathedral of the diocese of Carcassonne and Narbonne. Characteristic of the southern Gothic style, it replaced places of worship built in the center of the city from the 4th century. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that it is unfinished (only the choir is present) and that its height under vault makes it the fourth highest in France (41 m under vault, after Beauvais at 48 m and Amiens and Metz at 42 m. ). This monument, almost disproportionate to the rest of the city, was one of the most ambitious projects in medieval France and one of the most learned works of the beginning of the fourteenth century.

This building has been classified as historical monuments by the 1840 list. The cloister has been classified as historical monuments since April 18, 1914. A set of adjoining archaeological sites is listed. 'subject to a classification as historical monuments since July 8, 1937.