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Porto-Vecchio

 

Porto-Vecchio is a town in France located in the Corse-du-Sud department in the south of Corsica. Porto-Vecchio is the third largest city in Corsica. It has been able to develop economically, culturally and touristically over the years, which makes it a must for any backpacker wanting to discover Corsica. It is inhabited by 10,326 inhabitants according to the 1999 census.

 

Destinations

Beaches
Cala Rossa Beach - North of the Gulf of Porto-Vecchio. Turquoise water, white sand, pink rocks. A majestic view of the mountains when you bathe.
Santa-Giulia - a few kilometers to the south (beware, a lot of people in season) a must.
Palombaggia Beach - The beach is very long but very crowded in season.
La Chiappa.
Saint Cyprien Beach
Pinarello beach - go through the pine forest: To do more wild.
Tarco Beach

 

Other
Dalida's House - You only have to ask people to find it because it is very well known.

 

History

Antiquity
It is the main seat of the so-called Torreian civilization (3rd and 2nd millennia BC) whose main remains remain in Porto-Vecchio, in the eponymous place, Torre. The present port is doubtless founded or retaken by the Greeks of Syracuse in the life century BC. and is located at the site of the Roman "Portus Syracusanus."

Middle Ages
The region, though fertile, was deserted in the High Middle Ages due to malaria that infested it as well as the persecution of Genoese settlers in the city of Bonifacio. From the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries, the lords of the Rocca kept this land under their authority, and the indigenous peoples living in the mountains continued to lead their cattle there during the winter.

Modern times
At the beginning of the sixteenth century, Bishop Giustiniani, Bishop of Nebbio, wrote:

"... We find the parish of Carbini, the only one in the Delà des Monts that is subject to the jurisdiction of the bishop of Aléria." This parish had only five villages, the best known of which is Levie, because gentlemen lived there. The titular church of the parish is that of S. Giovanni de Carbini, which has a very beautiful bell tower; she has a considerable herd of mares, but their size is small. This country suffered greatly from the incursions of privateers before Portovecchio was inhabited. Although located at a distance of twenty good miles, Portovecchio is part of this same parish. It is nowadays that the Office has colonized this place, and the country has thus found itself admirably defended. - Agostino Giustiniani in Description de la Corse, traduction de l'Abbé Letteron tome1 p. 62) »

After the passage of the lordship of the Rocca under the direct administration of the bank of St. George, the Genoese founded a colony and built a fortress with many bastions (1539) to protect themselves from the Barbarians. Destined to be a capital of jurisdiction and to allow the development of the plain, the Genoese colony of Porto-Vecchio proves to be a failure: due to malaria, the permanent threat of Turkish privateers mooring nearby and of the aggressions of the Corsicans, the city is abandoned several times. After various attempts at settlement, the Republic of Genoa decided to encourage the settlement in the citadel of island families from the mountains, Quenza mainly.

During the seventeenth century, Porto-Vecchio was in fact populated by mountain populations. However the vast majority of the inhabitants continued for generations to return to the mountain during the summer, fleeing malaria and thus preventing real development of the place. During the nineteenth century, swamps dried up.

Contemporary era
Long a small town compared to other cities in southern Corsica, such as Sartène or Bonifacio, it benefited from the sanitation of swamps after World War II, and experienced significant development during the administration of Jean-Paul of Rocca Serra, to become a major tourist center since the 1980s, with the construction of Figari Airport in particular.

Today, Porto-Vecchio is home to the second homes of many personalities, such as Laetitia Casta, Mylène Farmer, Paris Hilton, Nicolas Sarkozy and Carla Bruni.

 

Situation
The third largest commune in Corsica, Porto-Vecchio is a seaside resort on the southeast coast of Corsica. It is dominated to the west by the reliefs of the Hospital (Punta di a Vacca Morta - 1,312 m) and the Cagna, which are the extreme southern extension of the Monte Incudine massif. The city is bordered on the east by the Tyrrhenian Sea. By its area, Porto-Vecchio is the 3rd largest municipality in Corsica (after Sartène and Calenzana).

Porto-Vecchio is today the largest agglomeration in the Far South of Corsica, although its historic capital is Bonifacio, the former capital of the province of the same name that covered the entire region.

Highly known for the beaches that surround it (Cala Rossa, Palombaggia, Santa Giulia ...), the Corsican city has salt marshes of about ten hectares today abandoned, which produced about 1,000 tons two per year.

Geology and relief
Its territory extends to the Tyrrhenian Sea to the southeast, from a ridge line to the northwest, part of the southern terminus of parallel ridges of the main chain of the island, passing through the Monte Incudine massif and declining until to the sea in Monacia-d'Aullène via the Montagne de Cagna.

Hydrography
The territory of the municipality is crossed by the rivers Cavo, Oso and Stabiacciu (as well as one of its tributaries the Bala).

Climate and vegetation
Porto-Vecchio enjoys a Mediterranean climate with a hot summer, classified Csa according to the Köppen classification. Rainfall, which is moderate throughout the year, is concentrated in the fall while summers are rather dry. Minimum temperatures are particularly high, both in winter and summer, due to the proximity of the sea. The table below shows temperatures and rainfall for the period 1981-2010. The Météo-France station in Chiappa is the one with the highest average annual temperature in metropolitan France with 17.2 ° C over the period 1981-2010.

 

Transport

Maritimes
Porto-Vecchio has a commercial port and a maritime station, located at the Syracuse wharf and managed by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ajaccio and Southern Corsica. The city is connected to the port of Marseille by regular rotations ensured until 2020 by the company Corsica Linea (ex-SNCM) every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. Since February 2020, crossings to Marseille have been provided by La Méridionale at almost the same frequency. There are also connections to Toulon, Nice, Savona and Piombino, provided by Corsica Ferries on a more irregular basis. This same company offers a seasonal service to Sardinia to the ports of Porto Torres and Golfo Aranci.

Aerial
The nearest airport is Figari Sud Corse Airport, 23 km from the property.

Railways
Like the rest of the south of the island, the town has not been served by rail since 1943, when the rail link with the rest of the network was closed. The nearest stations are:
to the north, Casamozza train station, 122 km;
to the northwest, Ajaccio train station, 139 km.