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Nuremberg (often Närmberch in Nuremberg) is a Franconian city in the district of Middle Franconia in the Free State of Bavaria. With around 520,000 inhabitants, Nuremberg is the second largest city in Bavaria after Munich, showing significant growth and making it one of the 15 largest cities in Germany. Together with the direct neighboring cities of Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach, Nuremberg forms one of the three metropolises in Bavaria with around 800,000 inhabitants. Together with the surrounding area, these cities form the Nuremberg metropolitan area, with over 1.3 million people, and the economic and cultural center of the European metropolitan region of Nuremberg, one of the eleven metropolitan regions in Germany, which has almost 3.6 million inhabitants.

The city of Nuremberg was mentioned for the first time in the Sigena document from 1050, and it experienced its first heyday as an independent imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire from 1219. Before the severe destruction in the Second World War and the very simplified rebuilding of the post-war period, it was medieval Nuremberg old town as one of the most important in Europe. However, some landmarks have been faithfully rebuilt, especially the city's churches. In addition, some architectural monuments have been preserved. The most important landmarks include some buildings along the historic mile, especially the Nuremberg Castle. In addition, other noble buildings and castles of the old HRR imperial city have been preserved.

Nuremberg's Christkindlesmarkt, the Germanic National Museum and several other museums are also of national importance. The city achieved global recognition in the 20th century during the Nazi era, when the annual Nazi party rallies took place on the Nazi party rally grounds and the Nuremberg Laws were passed. After the Second World War, however, with the Nuremberg trials, the city became the scene of the first judgments based on international criminal law and acquired the title city of human rights. Economically, the service industry, cutting-edge technology, industrial production (including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and automotive parts) and the Nuremberg Exhibition Center (including Spielwarenmesse, Consumenta, GaLaBau, BIOFACH) are of great importance. Nuremberg is also the seat of the state authorities, the Federal Employment Agency and the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.



Nuremberg Castle