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Brauron Archaeological Site (Βραυρώνα)

Brauron

 

 

Location: 10 km (6 mi) Northeast of Markopoulo, Attica  Map

Tel. 22990 27020

Site Open:

Open: 8:30am- 3pm Tue- Sun

 

 

 

 

Description of Brauron Archaeological Site

 

Brauron is located 10 km (6 mi) Northeast of Markopoulo and 38 km East of Athens in the Attica region of Greece. Brauron site once stood on the shores of the Aegean Sea, but the over time the bay of the sea got silted and now the ancient cite is situated inland.

 

Brauron Archaeological Site was inhabited since Neolithic times. Local archaeological digs revealed settlement dating back to circa 2000 BC. The city of Brauron flourished during Middle Helladic and early Mycenaean period (2000- 1600 BC). Over time Brauron Archaeological Site became associated with the cult of Greek goddess of Artemis that date back to the 8th century BC. Artemis was fought to help pregnant women in childbirth. Before medical inventions this process was very dangerous and often deadly to a woman and a baby. The holiest place within the sanctuary was the sacred spring of Artemis. Brauron site gave an ancient ritual a name of Brauronia. It was held every four years. A long procession from the Athens marched to Brauron. Young women aged 7 to 10 years old "played the bear" for the Artemis. They were running, dancing and serving the people. Their services became known as arkteia from Greek word "arktos" or "bear". This was a sort of act of passage into puberty, subsequent marriage and childbirth.

According to a legend Iphigeneia, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, brought the statue of Artemis and buried within city limits. According to Greek legends the Persian invasion caught the Greeks by surprise, so goddess reached down from mount Olympus and took back her image in marble. Although many historians agree that this legend is just a nice fairy. The actual statue was carried off by the Persian armies to Susa after they burned and destroyed much of the city in 480 BC. Brauron Archaeological Site was subsequently rebuilt. The final blow to Brauron Archaeological Site was dealt by a river Erasinos that flood the region in the 3rd century BC forcing many of its residents to flee to higher grounds. For the next few centuries the site was a source of stones and marble. Only in the 5th century AD Brauron Archaeological Site became partially inhabited. A Christian basilica was added in the 6th century just 500 meters (1/3 mile) West of the sanctuary site.

Currently Brauron archaeological site is still under ground. According to insriptions and historian records the city still has palaestra, gymnasium and other buildings still undiscovered.

 

 

Brauron Museum:

 

Open: 8:30am- 3pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, Jan 6, Mar 25, Shrove Monday, Good Friday am, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday, May 1, Dec 25- 26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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