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Oropos Archaeological Site (Ωρωπός)




Location: Kalamos, Attica    Map

Tel. 22960 22426

Open: daily

Closed: public holidays




Description of Oropos Archaeological Site

Oropos Archaeological Site is ancient archaeological site situated near Kalamos in the Eastern Attica region of Greece. Colonists from Eretria first settled banks of small river Cheimarros. Local farms was the key in growth of the city and its wealth. All products were shipped from a Oropos harbour of Delphinium situated at the mouth of Asopus river a mile (1.6 km) North of the city. In the 6th century BC the city was seceded to the Athens after defeat of mother town of Eretria. In the ancient times Oropos Archaeological Site became famous for its oracle of Amphiaraus. Traditionally all visitors threw coins in the sacred spring. Ancient Greeks believed that this spring had miraculous powers. According to local legends Greek hero Amphiaraos (pictured on a frieze on the left) was saved by most important god Zeus during a battle. Greek warrior disappeared with his chariot in the midst of a battle only to reappear on a site of a spring. Ancients believed that donating small amounts would grant them wealth and good luck.


Ancient Oropos was a complex with the main temple, a sacred spring, numerous altars and porticoes. Additionally a small theatre put up religious performances. Worshippers who came here slept on skins of slaughtered rams before they went to consult with the oracle himself. With the arrival of Christianity the pagan cult was eventually abandoned. The settlement of Oropos Archaeological Site went into a decline as well.











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