Agrafa is a historical region and mountain range of central
Greece, the southern end of Pindos. They occupy the entire northern
part of the prefecture of Evritania and the western part of the
prefecture of Karditsa and are divided into Thessalian Agrafa and
Evrytanian Agrafa. Their highest peak is Karava with an altitude of
2,184 meters. In total, Agrafa has 7 peaks with an altitude of over
2,000 meters. These are Karava (2,184 m.), Delidimi (2,163 m.),
Voutsikaki (2,154 m.), Fteri (2,128 m.), Liakoura (2,043 m.),
Marathia (2,042 m.) And Kalivia (2,018 m.). They also have many
others with an altitude of over 1,900 meters.
The mountains of Agrafa are forested. At high altitudes, the fir tree dominates. The rivers Tavropos and Agrafiotis originate from Agrafa.
Thessalian Agrafa is the northern part of the Agrafa mountain range. To the east they end in the Thessalian plain. They belong mainly to the prefecture of Karditsa. The highest peak of Thessaly Agrafa is Karava with an altitude of 2,184 meters, which is the highest peak of the entire mountain range. In the area of Thessaly Agrafa is the lake Plastira.
The Evrytanian Agrafa are located in the Peripheral Unit of Evrytania, north of Mount Timfristos, which can be considered part of them. It is the most inaccessible area of Greece, as the numerous towering mountain peaks and deep ravines make transportation difficult. For this reason, a small part of the road network of the area is paved, while old paths and bridges are still used by the residents. The highest peak of Evrytanian Agrafa is Delidimi, with an altitude of 2,163 meters.
The most probable version is that the name of the area comes from the ancient Greek race of the Agraians, who lived mainly between the rivers Acheloos and Agrafiotis. The name of the Agraians is etymologically derived from the word "ἄγρα", which means "hunting". It is no coincidence that the patron goddess of the Agraians was Agraia Artemis (who is also the emblem of the Municipality of Agrafa), who was also known as the Goddess of hunting. Given the above, it is interesting that today some inhabitants of Agrafa and Tzoumerka are characterized as Katsakioriides by the lowland populations of Thessaly, and most likely their name is etymologically derived from the Italian word "caccia" which means "hunting", as well as "ἄγρα".
According to the chronicler Michael Psellos, the area acquired its name during the iconoclasm, when the iconoclast of Byzantium was the iconoclast Constantine ED. The inhabitants of the area refused the implementation of the decree for the removal of the icons from the temples and killed the emperor's envoys. Then Constantine angrily deleted the area from the maps of the Empire.
According to a popular oral tradition, the area got its name due to the inability of the authorities to collect taxes, so they deleted the area from the tax lists, hence Agrafa, ie unregistered.