Agrinio

 

Agrinio is a city in the prefecture of Etoloakarnania in the Region of Western Greece. It is the seat of the municipality of Agrinio and according to the Greek census of 2011 as a municipality has a population of 94,181 inhabitants, as a municipal district of Agrinio has 59,329 and as a city 46,899. Together with Patras and Ioannina, they are the three largest urban centers in the western part of the country.

 

History

According to mythology, it was built by King Agrios, who was a descendant of the ancestor Etolos and his son Plevronas. The city, built almost next to the river Acheloos which was the natural border between Aetolia and Acarnania was several times under the domination of both sides. Diodorus Sikeliotis mentions it in 322 to 321 BC. when it was occupied by the Akarnanes. In 314 BC. destroyed by Cassander and his brother Philip.

The excavations of Ioannis Miliadis in 1920 showed that the ancient city was located in the neighboring Zapanti (today's Megali Chora), but in recent years many ancient artifacts have been found even in the center of today's city.

After some centuries in obscurity, the city reappears during the Turkish occupation, in the 14th century, under the name Vrachori (Imbrahoar), for the etymology of which several theories have been formulated. It was inhabited by many Turks and at the beginning of the 18th century it became the seat of the santzaki of Carlelli, the administrative center of today's Etoloakarnania. He took an active part in the Greek Revolution of 1821 and after a siege of many days was temporarily liberated on June 11, 1821. Later it was conquered again by Kioutachis and finally signed for the borders of the free Greek state in 1832.

After the liberation, Vrachori again took its ancient name Agrinion. The city began to grow rapidly, especially after the end of the 19th to the beginning of the twentieth century, when it turned en masse to the cultivation of tobacco. Huge warehouses and tobacco processing factories were built, mainly those of the Papastratos, Papapetrou and Panagopoulos families. After the Asia Minor Catastrophe, a large number of refugees arrived in the city and settled in the area of ‚Äč‚ÄčAgios Konstantinos, while we had a large movement of populations from Epirus and Evritania.