Bergen (North Limburgish: Baerge) is a village in the Dutch province of Limburg in the eponymous municipality. The village that is also called Old Bergen has 380 inhabitants. For postal addresses, the village centers of Nieuw Bergen and Aijen come under Bergen. Statistics Netherlands also considers the three village centers as a village called Bergen. On January 1, 2020, these three village centers together had 5,250 inhabitants.
The old church in Bergen (located on Oude Kerkstraat)
is the oldest building in Bergen: the church dates from around 1200.
Bergen was part of the alderman's bank of Well since the sixteenth
century and did not have its own seal or coat of arms. Bergen also
belonged to the Overkwartier of Gelre (also known as: Opper-Gelre).
During the War of the Spanish Succession it was occupied by Prussian
troops, and as part of Prussian Upper Guelders it remained German
for about a century (until 1814). At the Congress of Vienna in 1815,
a new political division was agreed. The border between the
Netherlands and Prussia (now: Germany) was determined at a distance
of a cannon shot measured from the river Maas. This is to form a
buffer zone in case of an attack from the east.
St. Peter's Church
Maria chapel / Anna chapel
Old Tower, a Romanesque building
Bergen is located near the Maas at a
height of about 12 meters in the winter bed of this river. A ferry
service across the Maas leads to Vierlingsbeek. Due to its low
location, expansion of the town was not possible, so Nieuw Bergen
was founded. The Heukelomse Beek flows between these two places.
Bergen has four carnival associations: C.V. The Erdmennekes and J.C.V. De Belhamels from Bergen, and C.V. De Sukerpinnen and J.C.V. De Bietjes from Aijen.
The Erdmennekes is the carnival association that originated in (Old) Bergen. The association takes part in the parade of the neighborhoods (Old) Bergen and (New) Bergen.
De Belhamels is the youth association of De Erdmennekes, for the youth from Bergen. It was founded during Christmas in the year 1963. The association participates in the procession of the neighborhoods (Old) Bergen and (New) Bergen.
The Sukerpinnen is the carnival association that originated in the former village of Aijen. The association participates in the procession of the districts Aijen, (Old) Bergen and (New) Bergen.
De Bietjes is the youth association of De Sukerpinnen, for the youth from the Aijen district. The association participates in the procession of the districts Aijen, (Old) Bergen and (New) Bergen.