Dronten

 

 

Dronten is a town and a municipality in the Dutch province of Flevoland, in Eastern Flevoland. The municipality has 41,677 inhabitants (August 1, 2020, source: CBS) on an area of ​​334 km²; the place has 28,795 inhabitants (January 1, 2020). The first concrete plans for the village center of Dronten started in 1958. The construction of the village started in 1960. From the beginning there was a discussion whether Dronten should become a village or a city. Initially a maximum of 15,000 inhabitants was assumed, later plans foresaw a growth to 30,000 inhabitants.

The first plans were based on ten cores, just like in the Noordoostpolder small cores around a central main town. This number was reduced due to changing views on transport (increasing use of moped and car) and the experience that the centers in the Noordoostpolder had turned out to be too small. In various steps of the planning phase, the number of cores was ultimately reduced to three: Dronten, Biddinghuizen and Swifterbant. At the start of construction in 1960, the places Larsen and Zeewolde were still included in the planning. These two places were ultimately not realized either. In 1965 it was finally decided to build only three cores. The name Zeewolde was later used for another place in Southern Flevoland.

On January 1, 1972, the municipality of Dronten was officially given its name. Until the province of Flevoland was established in 1986, the Ministry of the Interior took over most of the provincial tasks; some tasks were arranged by the municipality itself.

 

History

The plans for the municipality of Dronten were made from the beginning of the 1950s. The first concrete plans started in 1958, construction started in 1960 and the first residents settled there on April 26, 1962. From the start there was a discussion whether Dronten should become a village or a city. Initially a maximum of 15,000 inhabitants was assumed, later plans foresaw a growth to 30,000 inhabitants.

The initial plans were based on ten cores, just as in the Noordoostpolder: small cores around a central capital. This number was reduced due to changing views on transport (increasing use of moped and car) and the experience that the centers in the Noordoostpolder had turned out to be too small. In various steps of the planning phase, the number of cores was ultimately reduced to three: Dronten, Biddinghuizen and Swifterbant. At the start of construction in 1960, the places Larsen and Zeewolde were still included in the planning. These two places were ultimately not realized either. In 1965 it was finally decided to build only three cores. The name Zeewolde was later used for another place in Southern Flevoland. During the construction of Dronten, several wrecks of aircraft from the Second World War were found; to commemorate the victims, the Kite Monument was placed.

On January 1, 1972, the municipality of Dronten was established by law. Dronten takes its name from the Polder Dronthen, a polder created by alluvial land near Kampen, on the border of the provinces of Overijssel and Gelderland. Until the establishment of the province of Flevoland in 1986, the Ministry of the Interior took over most of the provincial tasks; some tasks were arranged by the municipality itself.

The number of inhabitants is slightly above the limit of 40,000 inhabitants, which was exceeded in 2010, after steady growth in the period 2002-2012,

 

Spatial heritage

Around the turn of the century, many iconic buildings in the center of Dronten were demolished as part of a radical renovation of the village center built in the 1960s. The building of De Dukdalf public primary school (De Noord; architect Jochem Bredman), which was completed in 1964, with a parish house and rectory (Werfstraat; architect Johannes Sluijmer), the De Meerpaal community center opened in 1967 ( De Rede; architect Frank van Klingeren), the stilt houses built in 1968 (De Rede; architect Pietro P. Hammel) and the public library dating from 1969 (Het Ruim; architect Joop van den Berg). The former police station, the health center (1965), the pharmacy and the post office (1970), all located at De Schans, were also demolished.

In 2015-2016, however, a district with the 137 first-built houses in Dronten was restored according to the construction drawing of 1959. Ten of these chalet houses on the Lijzijde have been declared a municipal monument.

 

Monuments

Lovink pumping station, the only national monument in Dronten