Ede, Netherlands


Ede (Low Saxon: Ee) is a medium-sized town in the Dutch province of Gelderland, located on the western flank of the Veluwe and in the southern Gelderland Valley. It is also the capital of the eponymous municipality. Ede has 75,585 inhabitants (2020).

Ede is known for the Battle of Arnhem. The site played an important role in the Second World War because of the airborne landing of the Allied forces in September 1944, as part of Operation Market Garden. Every year, the airborne landings on the Ginkelse Heide attract thousands of visitors to Ede.


Getting here

By train
Intercity trains that run between Utrecht and Arnhem stop at Ede-Wageningen station. These run every 15 minutes during the day. There is also a light rail connection from Amersfoort via Barneveld. A sprinter runs every hour to Oosterbeek, Wolfheze and Arnhem. Station Ede Centrum is only served by the light rail from Amersfoort.

By bus
There is a bus station north of Ede-Wageningen station. Buses run here to Veenendaal, Arnhem and Apeldoorn, among others. The bus to Wageningen departs south of the station.

By car
Take exit 24 on the A12 to get to the south of Ede. To the west of Ede, take exit 1 on the A30 and exit 2 on the same road will lead you north. The center of Ede is best reached from exit 24 and exit 2 and is signposted. There is parking on the P-ring in various parking lots and in parking garages.


Travel around

City buses operated by Syntus run in Ede. There are good cycle paths in Ede.



Doesburger mill (halfway between Ede and Lunteren), Walderveense mill, De Hoop, Concordia mill and the De Keet mill.
Historical Museum Ede, Museumplein 7.
Communications Service Museum, Nieuwe Kazernelaan 10, Located in the Elias Beeckman barracks, building 32.
Open air theatre
Kernhem Gallery, Kernhemseweg 7
De Oude Hofstede petting zoo, Bovenbuurtweg 35
Visitor center Natuurcentrum Veluwe, Groot Ginkelseweg 2A

Kröller-Müller Museum, Houtkampweg 6, 6731 AW Otterlo. Tel.: +31 (0)318 591 241, email: info@krollermuller.nl. The museum has the second largest Van Gogh collection in the world and also shows other works by modern painters. A variety of sculptures are on display in the garden. Open: Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (sculpture garden: until 4:30 p.m.). The museum is closed on Mondays (except public holidays) and on January 1st. Price: Adults €18.30, children from 6 to 12 years €9.15, children up to 6 years have free admission.


What to do

CineMec, infotainment center built in a noise barrier along the A12, Laan der United Nations 150
The Heideweek (last week of August)
Cycling and walking through the woods and heath of the Veluwe north and east of Ede.



The weekly market in Ede is recommended. On Mondays and Saturdays it is particularly large on the Molenstraat. There is a lot of choice and treats for in between.

Info on the site: http://www.marktede.nl/

The shopping street is also in the city center along the Grotestraat and Maandereind and the many shops invite you to stroll.


Going out

Museumplein, at Ede Centrum station
The street parallel to Ede-Wageningen station
The Veluwse Heidebrouwerij on the barracks grounds



Hotel/restaurant Belmont, Goorsteeg 66.
Hotel/restaurant De Bosrand, Bosrand 28.
Hotel/cafe/restaurant De Paasberg, Arnhemseweg 20-22.
Conference Center De Reehorst, Bennekomseweg 24, Tel: +31 (0)318-750300



Location and economy

Ede is located in the south-west of the Veluwe forest area, on the A12 motorway and the Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem railway line, another motorway (A30 with the Knooppunt Maanderbroek) and on the branch railway line to Barneveld. Good roads lead to Apeldoorn, Wageningen's southern neighbor, and west to Veenendaal. The synthetic fiber industry (AKU – Akzo), which was important until 2002, has left Ede. In their place, small businesses and more tourism should create new jobs. Most important to the economy of Ede are:
tourism (because of the heath - "Ginkelse Heide", the forests, etc.); the nature park "Hoge Veluwe" is mostly in the area of Ede
agriculture (to the west of the municipality: "Gelderse Vallei" with chicken farming)
the service sector (retirement homes and other healing institutes, conference centers)
the military (there are several barracks and military training areas in the municipality).
Commuters who work in Utrecht and Arnhem also live in Ede and Bennekom.



Ede's history is closely linked to that of the Kernhem estate. The counts of Gelre built various fortifications along the borders with the Sticht Utrecht from the 12th to the 14th century. Kernhem Castle was one of them. In 1426 Udo de Booze (also written as Udo den Boese) was appointed as liege man of Kernhem by the then Duke of Gelre Arnold van Egmont. After the fiefs became hereditary, Kernhem came into the hands of the Van Arnhem, Van Wassenaer Obdam and later Van Heeckeren van Wassenaer and Bentinck families. Various administrators from Ede's past come from these families.

In the seventeenth century, Ede was ravaged by the Spaniards led by Hendrik van den Bergh during the Raid of the Veluwe in 1624. This was repeated five years later, during a second raid led by Van den Bergh and Ernesto Montecuccoli.

In 1783, about 108 people died in a dysentery epidemic. A relatively high number, given that Ede had only about 600 inhabitants at the time.

During the First World War, there was a large refugee camp for Belgian refugees on the Edese heath. It existed from 1915 to 1918. It was demolished in 1918 and the building materials were reused for the many damaged buildings in Belgium. Today the Belgians monument is still standing in memory.

On August 6, 1925, an oxygen device exploded in the ENKA factory. Three people died in this blast. At least ten people were injured.



During the Second World War, Allied soldiers landed on the Ginkelse Heide near Ede during Operation Market Garden. From there they moved to Arnhem, fighting the Germans. Every September this is commemorated by parachuting over the heath. The paratroopers are dropped from World War II aircraft that are still operational. This event attracts a large audience from the surrounding area. Even veterans from Great Britain are present. Until 2006, veterans also jumped, often at an advanced age. Prior to the air landing, a bombing raid was placed on Ede on 17 September 1944. 69 civilians lost their lives.

Of the Jews who lived in the municipality of Ede at the start of the war, it is estimated that 52 of the 89 survived the war. According to the authors of the book Ede 1940-1945, this relatively high percentage (60 percent) can be explained because in a rural municipality it is easier to find help and the risk of being caught was smaller compared to the large cities. In the first year of the war the number of Jews increased rapidly. At the time of the registration requirement in January 1941, 125 people were registered as (partially) Jewish. Most of them were families and singles from the west of the country who were hoping to escape the measures directed against them. Many of the refugees were familiar with the region and had contacts. Bennekom in particular enjoyed a certain reputation as a holiday destination in the decades before the war, making it a logical place to turn to. In April 2012, a monument to the Jewish population was unveiled at the Vosakker, bearing the names of 50 killed Jews who were born in Ede or who lived there for a long time.