Lottum

 

Lottum is a village in the municipality of Horst aan de Maas, in the Dutch province of Limburg. The village has about 1,950 inhabitants and an area of 2,226 hectares and is located about 10 kilometers north of Venlo, on the river Maas, as the crow flies, and used to belong to the municipality of Grubbenvorst, which merged in 2001 with the municipality of Horst aan de Maas.

 

Coat of arms of Lottum

Lottum had its own alderman's bank around 1610, after it was elevated to a free barony in 1608 by Archduke Albrecht. The deed with an image of the coat of arms dates from 1651. It depicts Saint Quirinus as a knight with a lance in his right hand. To the left of Quirinus is the church patron Saint Gertrudis of Nivelles with a crook in her left hand, along which a mouse climbs up.

 

History

The area around Lottum was already inhabited in Roman times. A church was founded around 1400. Until 1563 the area belonged to the Abbey of Saint Quirinus, a Benedictine abbey in Neuss in Germany. After that, the abbey transferred ownership to Christoffel van Wylick and it remained the property of that family for a long time. In 1608 his descendant, Johan Christoffel van Wylick, was ennobled by King Philip III of Spain as baron.

As a result of the Treaty of Munich in 1648, Lottum became part of Spanish Guelders and then in 1713 to Prussia. In 1815 Lottum was added to the Netherlands and this has remained the case even after the Belgian secession.

Around 1900, the rose cultivation started in Lottum, from which Lottum derives its fame. At one point, 30% of the inhabitants were employed in rose cultivation. A biennial Rose Festival has been held since 1922.

 

Sights

Borggraaf Castle dates from the late 15th century, is in good condition and is visible from the road.
Kaldenbroek Castle is first mentioned in 1394 and is a country house that is also in good condition.
The Houthuizer Molen is a replica of the windmill at Lottum that was destroyed during the Second World War, built in 2007/8.
St. Gertrudiskerk from about 1400, rebuilt in 1951.
The Chapel of St. Quirinus
De Rozenhof Lottum, Top rose garden and rose knowledge center

 

Nature and landscape

Lottum is located on the west bank of the Maas, at an altitude of approximately 19 meters above sea level. The Siebersbeek flows from the Schuitwater nature reserve through Lottum into the Maas. The area around Lottum is mainly characterized by rose cultivation. In the southwest there are heathlands.

The Molenbeek runs near the hamlet of Houthuizen, which flows into the Maas a few hundred meters further.

The Siebersbeek nature reserve is located near the estuaries of both streams. To the south of this lies the Kaldenbroek nature reserve.

 

Culture

Rose cultivation and festival
More than 70 percent of the Dutch rose cultivation comes from Lottum. In number, this concerns more than 20 million roses, according to data from the Dutch horticultural organizations. Lottum is the "Rose Village of the Netherlands". Every even year, the Rose Festival takes place in Lottum around the second Sunday of August. There are then gardens with mosaics and art objects decorated with countless rose buds throughout Lottum. The festival each time attracts 50,000 circs visitors. There is also the Rozenhof with a knowledge center, in which all 65 rose varieties can be found that have ever received the designation "Top rose" or the German designation "ADR-rose". There is also a rose cycle route.

Crazy Monday Day
Lottum is one of the three villages where - at least according to tradition - the Gekke Maondaag (Dutch: Gekke Maandag) has been celebrated for several centuries. This is celebrated in Lottum one week before carnival. The "Gekke Maondaag" is a folk festival in which different floats and carnival-related groups run in a parade. The other two villages where this festival is celebrated are Velden and Grubbenvorst.

Transport
Arriva bus line 88 (Venray - Venlo via Broekhuizen and Meerlo) comes through Lottum.
Until 1973, Lottum had its own station, although passenger traffic was discontinued in 1938.
A ferry service runs from Lottum across the Maas to Lomm. In the summer months there is also a pedestrian and bicycle ferry between Arcen and Lottum.

Trivia
On June 4, 1996, the body of a dead woman was found in Lottum. Because the region is known for growing roses, she is called the Rose girl. On October 29, 2010, it was revealed using DNA techniques that it was 19-year-old Josefa from Poland.
In Berlin there is a street named after Lottum because of the noble family of Wylick van Lottum who lived in Lottum in the twelfth century. Its descendants were Prussian officers.