Location: Via di Monte Caprino and Via del Tempio
The Tarpeian rock is located on the southern end
of Capitol Hill. In the Roman times this place the site where
murderers, thieves, traitors and other criminals were executed. The
rock was named after the young woman Tarpeia, daughter of Spurious
Tarpeius, who participated in defending the city from the Sabinean
tribes (the ancient Italian people who lived in the modern
administrative districts of Lazio, Umbria and Abruzzo, in the
foothills of the Apennines northeast of Rome).
one legend, the first inhabitants of Rome were predominantly men.
Soldiers, criminals, workers and other groups settled here. Mostly
they were men. The Romans decided to pack up and raid Sabine
settlements and steal their women. The Sabines were enraged by the
betrayal of the Romans. Tarpeia promised to betray her compatriots
for gold and made them an offer. They had to give the woman
everything that they wore on their left hand, that is, rings,
bracelets, etc. They fulfilled their promise by throwing at her
everything that was on their left hand, including heavy shields. The
woman died by the weight of heavy shields.
The war between
the Romans and Sabin had an unexpected end. Sabine women, who had
already given birth to children from their Roman husbands, asked
their brothers and fathers to stop the war and release the fathers
of their children. Women asked to stop the war, because in any case
they would have lost their husbands or their relatives. The war
ended, but since then the Tarpeian rock has become a symbolic place
to kill all the traitors to Rome.