North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve


The North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve is the only biosphere reserve in Latvia. It is located in the northern part of the country and Vidzeme. The reserve covers an area of 4576 km2, its administration is located in Salacgriva.



The North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve is the only such specially protected nature territory in Latvia. It is a large area where internationally important natural and landscape values ​​are preserved by ensuring sustainable social and economic development.

In order to radically improve the ecological situation in the Salaca river basin and the North Vidzeme coast of the Gulf of Riga, as well as to create preconditions for the organization of a biosphere reserve in this territory, 26.03.1990. The Council of Ministers adopted Decision no. 75 "On the Establishment of the North Vidzeme Regional Nature Protection Complex and Measures for the Organization of the Biosphere Reserve". The boundaries of the ZVRDAK territory are determined by the Salaca River and its catchment area, which is the most important salmon spawning ground on the eastern side of the Baltic Sea basin. Scientist Aija Melluma, poet Jānis Peters and biologist Indulis Emsis participated in the founding of ZVRDAK.

1997 On December 11, the Saeima passed a law on the North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve (ZBR).

On 15 December 1997, it was recognized as a protected nature area of ​​international importance under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB). A ZBR Advisory Council has been established to coordinate the activities of the Biosphere Reserve and to involve local governments and other interest groups. It consists of representatives of state institutions, local governments and non-governmental organizations.

On October 10, 2000, Cabinet Regulation No. 353 “North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve Individual Protection and Use Regulations”.

In 2008, SIA ELLE developed a Landscape Ecological Plan for the territory of the ZBR.

June 1, 2009 - The administration of the ZBR was included in the Nature Protection Board as one of the structural units.

February 1, 2011 - by merging the administration of the ZBR and the administration of the Gauja National Park, the Vidzeme Regional Administration of the Nature Protection Board was established, which supervises the territory of the ZBR.