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Galičica National Park

Galičica National Park

 

 

 

Location: Map

 

Map: 227 km² (88 mi²)

 

 

 

 

 

Galičica National Park is a nature reserve situated in the South Western Republic of Macedonia between lake Ohrid to the North- West and Lake Prespa in the South- East. This park was established in 1958 and covers an area of 227 km² (88 mi²). Several hundreds species of plants and animals that live here are endemic and found no where else in the World.

 

 

 

From this mountain range there are very beautiful views of Ohrid and Prespa Lakes. Particularly attractive is the opportunity for visitors to observe the two beautiful lakes at the same time. The attractive, aesthetic and curious values ​​of the landscape also apply to the mountainous areas that Galicica owns.

From the high views of Mount Galicica there is an extraordinary view, which reaches Mount Jablanica and the Albanian mountains on one side and Pelister on the other. Although it is a high horst with dominance in this space and strikingly steep sides, the connection is very good. Through this mountain passes a road that connects the Ohrid and the Prespa valley.

The geological composition of the mountain Galicica is dominated by limestone. On the basis of this mountain composition, the appearance of numerous surface and underground karst relief forms is based. From the surface karst forms here are owls, rotors and karst fields, and of underground interest are the numerous posts. The biggest and most significant are: Black Cave, Meccina Dupka, Samoska Dupka and others. These caves have not been tourist valorized yet.

The most important values ​​of the National Park "Galicica" should be emphasized the coastline of the aquarium of Lake Ohrid and Prespa. The western shore of Lake Ohrid is mostly straight, with one visible peninsula. In contrast, the east coast, most of which adjoins this national park, is characterized by a curve. 63km total. from the shore of Lake Ohrid falls on the steep coast line, with smaller and larger peninsulas, capes and bays. Of particular value are the caves located on the south side of the peninsula, around the village of Trpejca and at the monastery of St. Naum. The Prespa Lake shoreline has four larger and three smaller peninsulas and two islands.

Climate features
The climate values ​​in Galicica National Park are different. They differ in the valley relative to the mountainous part. But basically the factors that determine the climate are almost the same. It should be noted that the climate is also present in this area. Thus, the average annual temperature of 1,500 meters above sea level is about 7 ° C. The average temperature in July and August was around 21 ° C, and in January and February it was 0.8 ° C. So it is very favorable temperature characteristics, both in summer and in winter. It provides hiking and hiking activities as well as skiing activities in the winter part of the year. These features are further compounded by other climatic elements, such as a height of precipitation of 1,100 mm, pronounced insulation, which exceeds 2,000 sunny hours throughout the year, and so on. The amount of snowfall is relatively poor, which is characteristic in the months of December, January and February, and only a small amount of snow occurs in November and March. This shortens the winter skiing season in this area.

 

Hydrographic features
The hydrographic features of the Galicica National Park are quite pronounced, although the mountain belongs to the group of dryest spatial units in the Republic of Macedonia. This characteristic of Galicica stems primarily from the geological composition of this mountain. It belongs to the group of the most mountainous mountains in the Republic of Macedonia, which means that it is a remarkably water-permeable terrain, which requires the appearance of a small number of expired power lines. However, the wider area of ​​the national park has constant springs and watercourses. They have significant value. The following should be noted: the springs at the monastery of St. Naum, the springs of the locality Letnica above the village of Ramne, and the Cherava River (the springs are in Albania). Of all these hydrographic phenomena, the springs of the St. Naum Monastery have the most significance.

 

 

 

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