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Marko's Towers or Markovi Kuli (Маркови Кули)

Marko's Towers




Location: near Prilep, village of Varoš   Map

Constructed: late 13th century





Marko's Towers or Markovi Kuli is situated near a town of Prilep above a village of Varoš in the Republic of Macedonia. It was constructed in the late 13th century. However a settlement of Keramija have been known to exist here since the Ancient Roman times. Marble ornaments of an early Christian basilica is little that remains from the antiquity. Topography of the terrain offered natural protection for the citadel that housed palace of Serbian King Vukašin and his son Marko whose name gave these imposing ruins its name. A small garrison could easily protect the fortress against enemy troops. However huge Ottoman Turkish army managed to take the citadel in 1395. It was badly damaged and eventually abandoned. It was left abandoned and in ruins.






the eastern boundary of the site Markovi Kuli starts from the locality G. Chair. Thence the border extends northeast along the eastern slopes of the Kukul heap (980 m), along the asphalt road leading to Lake Prilep. At the lake the boundary changes direction and ascends the eastern slopes of Glavica heap (1,033 m), then leads along the southwestern slopes of the Ridon locality and the eastern parts of the Edinak heap (1,303 m) and rises at the Samarnica locality. Thence the border descends on the eastern slopes of the Surun heap (1,077 M) and ends at the road linking the villages of Dupjachani and Nebregovo.

the western boundary begins at the village of Zabrcani and extends south to the southwest towards the village of Malo Marmorani, leading to the western slopes of the Negrea peak (988 m). Thence the border extends southeast and leads along the southern slopes of Negrea Hill, then on the southwest slopes of Zagradzen Sten (976 m), along the western slopes of Zelenik (983 m) and Markovi Kuli (945 m) and ends on the southern slopes. heap of Markovi Towers above Varos.

the northern border starts from the road that connects the villages of Dupjachani and Nebregovo, about 500 meters east of the village. Nebregovo. From there, it leads west on the road to the village of Zagreb. Dupjachani and about one kilometer before the village turns south and leads to the locality Orlov Kamen. Thence the border turns slightly to the north, then sharply turns southeast and extends along the southwestern slopes of the Surun heap to Upper Selo. Thence the border changes direction and leads west along the northern slopes of the Zlatovrv heap (1,422 m) to the Virila locality. Thence the border extends northwest and leads along the eastern slopes of the Negrea hill to terminate at the village of Zabrcani.

The southern boundary begins at the Varosh locality and extends northeast along the eastern slopes of Markovi Kuli and Zalenik bypassing the Plain Medium Pole, continuing on the western slopes of the Kukul heap and ending at the G. Chair, on the southern slopes of the Kukul heap.

Archaeological sites

The Markovi Kuli Monumental Archaeological Complex is a fortified acropolis town with more residential and commercial buildings being discovered, and its uncertain medieval settlement of Varos developed in its western and southwestern foothills. In many campaigns it has been explored at several points in the city, suburbs, necropolises and sacred buildings, with a continuous life from the X until the end of the 14th century. a few kilometers from where the city originally lay. Today, remnants of the former medieval town are found on the site of Markovi Kuli and in the suburb of Varos, which actually originates from the Prilep suburb. The medieval town was built on a hill that dominates the landscape and which descends steeply into the field near the Varosh settlement. This sublime is made up of many crushed and smooth stone staves with miraculous shapes and colors. Where nature did not close the access points, man built high walls and massive towers, making it a difficult conquest. At its highest point was the most fortified part of medieval Prilep, the upper city. Under that eagle seat, houses, churches, and other buildings were built on city terraces and other areas. The oldest traces of human life in the area of ​​medieval Prilep belong to the Neolithic and Bronze Age. In the same area, remnants of the Iron Age settlement were found. The further settlement of these areas can be traced throughout the later Archaic and ancient period. The outbreaks of barbaric Slavic tribes ended with the settlement of the Brsjaci tribe in the fertile plain of Pelagonija. From the 7th to the 9th century, Macedonia was the center of warfare between Byzantium and the Bulgarian Empire to occupy that territory, with variable results and periodic upheavals in favor of one of its rivals. It is difficult to argue whether the Prilep fortress was functioning in those times. It lacks concrete materials from that time. Here, in fact, we come to the unusually important issue related to the beginnings of the medieval fortress. From this period there are two monolithic stone pillars from the porch of the church in the monastery "St. Archangel Michael ”in Varos. One of them carries the second Slavic inscription in Cyrillic letters in 996, referring to Bishop Andrea. It is quite short and stereotyped in content, but still very important because it testifies to the written activity of these territories even in the oldest period of Slavic literacy. Accordingly, in 1385 during Sultan Murat I (1362-1389) Prilep falls under Turkish rule. The death of King Marko ends Prilep's medieval history. Prior to this, in 1385 during Sultan Murat I (1362-1389) Prilep came under Turkish rule. The death of King Marko ends Prilep's medieval history.




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