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Monastery of Saint Joachim Osogovski (Осоговски Манастир)

Monastery of Saint Joachim Osogovski




Location: Kriva Palanka  Map

Constructed: 12th century




History of Monastery of Saint Joachim Osogovski

Monastery of Saint Joachim Osogovski or simply Osogovo Monastery belongs to Macedonian Orthodox Church situated 2 km (1.5 mi) from a town of Kriva Palanka in a Republic of Macedonia. Monastery of Saint Joachim Osogovski was constructed in the 12th century by a priest Feodor from Ovče Pole during reign of Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos. It has two churches that are devoted to divine protectors of the abbey. One is named after Saint Joachim of Osogovo and a smaller one is dedicated to the Holy Mother of God. In 1585 this religious complex was turned into a Muslim mosque, but it was returned to the Christians shortly thereafter. During Austro- Ottoman War of 1690 the monks of the monastery and many local peasants sided with Christian Austrians in the war against their oppressors. Turkish commander ordered the destruction of the site in retaliation, but the order was cancelled in the last moments. Legend claims that it was due to divine intervention.






Geographical position, natural and climatic conditions were crucial for the development of civilizations. Archaeological sites, material debris and archaeological evidence confirm the continuity and evolution of life in almost all eras. In the third century BC we mark important moments in the history of the wider region of northeastern Macedonia and western Bulgaria. During this period, the town of Pautalia (today Kyustendil) was founded on an old settlement, at the time when the Thracian tribe Denteleti ruled this area. From the data, more precisely from the geographical map of Kyustendil, we register the ancient name for Krivopalanec - Remisiana. How long the name Remisiana for Osogovo persisted is unknown. It can be assumed, by analogy with the caption of the surrounding cities, that it existed even in the Roman period. This area in the Byzantine period, with the arrival of the Slavs, was named after Osogovo. The area in the part of Osogovo where the monastery is built is called Sarandopor, of Greek origin and means forty and refers to the forty boats, curves and curves of the Kriva River. The medieval of this area historically and archeologically has three developmental stages. The second stage is important for our research, when this culture was widely spread and embraced. The most important attribute of this culture is the establishment of the monastery of Saint Joakim Osogovski in the 12th century, as a religious, spiritual and cultural core for this region.

History of the monastery of St. Joachim Osogovski begins with the arrival of the saint in the area of ​​Osogovo and his holy mission of asceticism. One of the most authentic legends of Kriva Palanka, which has been present in the collective memory for more than nine centuries, knows about the presence of the Normans, who entered Macedonia at the beginning of the eighties of the XI century. Of those armies St. Joachim Osogovski was upset at his asceticism in the village of Gradec. That was the reason for choosing a new place of asceticism. For this purpose, he chose the cave in the area Babin Dol, near the present location of the monastery of St. Joachim Osogovski. Although there are no written documents on the church's heritage and organization in Krivopalachino for the period before the arrival of St. Joachim's numerous archaeological sites, with more than fifteen named after churches and monasteries, support the assumption that St. Joachim came into the midst of a developed church-spiritual life.


The time in which St. Joachim Osogovski lived
The only data available on the science of life, work and the period in which St. Joachim Osogovski (Sarandoporski) is drawn into his life. About the time St. Joachim Osogovski has several assumptions. According to Constantine Irechek, St. Joachim Osogovski lived in the 11th century. This only confirms the knowledge of the first hermit among the Slavs. St. John Rilski lived in the X century in the time of the Bulgarian Emperor Peter and St. Joachim, St. Gavril Lesnovski and St. Prohor Pchinski in the 11th century. S. Dusanic, comparing living data, thinks that St. Joachim was born in the first half of the 11th century and died at the end of the same century.

According to life, God decided to glorify his hermit and restore his sacred place in the time of Byzantine Emperor Manojlo (1143-1180), after a whole generation of his death, meaning 50-80 years had passed. If this time is rejected by the reign of Emperor Manojlo, during which time the priest of Theodore Overseas Church came to Sarandopor, it turns out that St. Joachim Osogovski died in the late 11th or early 12th century. Bulgarian academician Jordan Ivanov thinks biographical data are most important to determine the time when St. Joachim Osogovski. Since the priest Theodore, after being nunned and named Theophanes, built a monastery church and laid saints' relics in it 50 years after his death during the reign of Emperor Mihajlo, the death of the saint should be calculated 50 years back. e. in the late 11th and early 12th century, life in the second half of the 11th century and the construction of the monastery in the middle of the 12th century. The death of saint Georgi Trajcev was determined by the end of the 11th century and the beginning of the 12th century, and the monastery was built in the middle of the 12th century by the abbot Theophanes under the Byzantine Emperor Manojlo Komin. The first opportunities and conditions for the development of the monastic life appeared on the ground of Macedonia in the IX and X century, thus developing the cult of domestic saints.

The influences of hermit monasticism (solitary exile and asceticism) come from Byzantium. It was originally expressed by Ohrid. Slavery was practiced by the Slavs in practice. Clement and St. Naum. In our church tradition, two ways of practicing monasticism were built - kinetic and hermitic. Quinine monasticism was an organized form of community of monks living together in a monastery. Hermit monasticism is characterized by lonely ascetic life, at the base of which is a higher monastic struggle. A hermitic monasticism that initially accepted our saint. Joachim is characterized by power, will, and faith in God, and suffering desertification and hermitage is only a fleeting thread of life through which the act of self-surrender to God is accomplished by the self-torturing and striving for the realization of an all-encompassing intellectual love for God through spiritual and spiritual.

The initial revival of asceticism in the South Slavic region is associated with the northern parts of Macedonia. Specifically around the Osogovo and Kozjak mountains near Kriva Palanka, Kumanovo, Vranje and in the Zletovo Mountains. Three of the four spiritual brothers had a fateful relationship with Sts. John Rilski, s. Gavril Lesnovski, and especially St. Joakim Osogovski, who linked and accomplished his desert ascetic and ascetic mission in the name of God in Osogovo.





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