Berovo (Берово)

 

Berovo - a city in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia, which is located on the slopes of the Maleshevo Mountains, whose municipal boundaries cover an area of 598 km2. Near it is Berovo Lake. Berovo is located 161 km from Skopje, 47 km from Strumica and 52 km from Kocani.

 

Etymology

There are two versions of how Berovo got its name.

According to the first, it got its name from the name of a cattle breeder Bero. An argument for this is the existence of the so-called Berovo meadow, in the area between the villages Machevo and Robovo, which is considered to belong to this cattle breeder.

According to the second version, which is more probable, the name Berovo came from the fact that people gathered at that place. The question arises where the population came from. From the old settlements in the locality of Turtela, Selca, Ribnica, Razdolo, Klepalo, Dobri Laki and others, and later from the other Maleshevo villages.

Geographical features
Berovo is located in the eastern part of Macedonia in the area of ​​Maleshevo, ie the Maleshevo Valley at 846 meters above sea level. A wealth of beech, pine, oak forests was determined by its name "malesh - mountain". The municipal center Berovo and the rural settlements are located on the outskirts of the valley. Near Berovo is the artificial Berovo Lake, which due to its untouched nature and clean air is a favorable place for tourism development and several tourist facilities have been built around the lake.

 

History

In the Ottoman tax registers of the non-Muslim population from the province of Malesheva from 1621-1622 is recorded the village of Berova, which together with the Jewish neighborhoods had a total of 55 households. In 1830 a cell school was opened in Berovo, where Petar Klisarov from Stip taught.

In the village of Razlovci near Berovo, in 1876 the famous Razlovech Uprising was led by the legendary Macedonian revolutionary from this area Dimitar Pop-Georgiev Berovski who was born in the town of Berovo.

Air conditioning
Berovo, which is part of the Maleshevo Valley, has a temperate-continental climate with climate modification in the high mountainous and lowland parts.

Berovo has significantly lower average annual air temperature from the areas at the same altitude in the wider part of this valley. At an altitude of 800 m, the average annual temperature is 11.1 ° C, and in Berovo 8.7 ° C. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of -10 ° C, and the warmest month is July, with an average temperature of + 18 ° C. The average annual minimum temperature is 2.8 ° C and the average maximum temperature is 15.3 ° C. The most precipitation is in May and June, as well as in November, and the driest months are August and September. The average annual rainfall is 672 mm / m3. The main maximum falls in May, averaging around 76.8 mm / m3, and the secondary maximum in November -64.3 mm / m3. The main minimum is in August, with an average of 37.6 mm / m3, and the secondary in February. The number of rainy days per year is 118. In the average annual amount of rainfall, the snow occupies about 15% and occurs from October to May. On average, there are 42.2 days a year under snow cover.

Relative humidity decreases from January to August, then increases from December, and the average humidity is 76%. The average annual duration of solar radiation is 2,347 hours or 6.4 hours per day, with a maximum in July of 10.2 hours per day, and a minimum in December of 3 hours per day. In the Berovo Valley fog is rare, there is only 8.4 foggy days. The appearance of hail is rare, on average 2.9 days occur with hail. Frostbite is less frequent and occurs 70 days a year, from September to May. Winds from all 8 world directions occur in the Berovo Valley, but the northern one prevails, with a frequency of 147% and a speed of 2.4 m / sec., Which is most present in January, February and March.

 

Churches
Berovo has four churches, two chapel churches plus one church in the locality of Turtela, where the nuns from the monastery "St. Archangel Michael" owned monastery property, where they kept goods, and in the church they performed worship or prayer rites. The Berovo Monastery of St. Archangel Michael and the nunnery played a major role in the spirituality, enlightenment and liberating ideas of the people in Maleshevo. The oldest of the four churches is the monastery, which is located in the complex "St. Archangel Michael". Then, in the extreme upper part of the city is the church "Holy Mother of God", and in the center there is also a beautiful church named "Holy Mother of God". In the very northern part of the city, near the city cemetery is the church "St. Todor", and the two chapel churches are also located in the extreme southeastern part of Berovo, "St. George" and "St. Bogorodica". All churches were built in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The most arranged in the inner part is the church in the monastery complex "St. Archangel Michael". The iconostasis were made by the famous woodcutters Acko Arnautov, Atanas Sokolov and Kosta Pavlov. The icons are the work of the far famous painter from Berovo Gavril Atanasov, who studied the craft in Mount Athos. In 2013, the cornerstone of the church "St. Gavril Lesnovski ".

Monastery of St. Archangel (nunnery)
The monastery "St. Archangel" located in Berovo is the only monastery in our country where monastic life has been going on continuously for 153 years, just as old as the lodgings. The monastery is for women, and the monasticism was started by sister Evgenija in 1848. A legend is told in Berovo about the construction of the church "St. Bogorodica" and the beginnings of the sisterhood in the monastery, which even the church says is a real event.

Monastery of the Assumption of the Most Holy Mother of God (male monastery)
In this place there was a church dedicated to the Assumption of the Most Holy Mother of God which was restored and adapted for monastic life, and thus was transformed into a Monastery. In 2002, a three-member fraternity moved here from the Vodoчкиотa Monastery with the blessing of Bishop Nahum. Thus, for the first time in Berovo, the beginnings of male monasticism were set. The site itself has a special meaning for the people of Berovo, as a place of worship and prayerful respect for the Most Holy Mother of God.

Archaeological sites
Birch - a settlement from late antiquity;
Peaks - necropolis - tumuli from the Iron Age;
Gradishte - settlement and necropolis from late antiquity;
Dolno Gradishte-Jablanica - a settlement from Roman times;
Kelaklevec - a settlement from late antiquity;
Kovacilnica - a fortified settlement from the Iron and Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages;
The house - a settlement from Roman times;
Linako - a settlement from late antiquity;
Pashailov Preslap - a settlement from late antiquity;
Popov Reed - a site from late antiquity;
Saint Archangel Michael - medieval pits;
Selca - a settlement from Roman times;
Shabano Gradishte - a town from the late antique time; and
Shirok Dol - mounds from late antiquity.