Pehčevo (Пехчево, Pehchevo)

 

Pehčevo - a town in the area of Maleshevo and administrative center of the Municipality of Pehčevo. It is famous for its winter tourism.

 

Origin of the term

According to the legends, it is said that Pehčevo got its name from some stoves that were located under the slopes of the mountain Bukovik. These kilns were set up because of the mines located on the slopes of Bukovic, which were in need of ore processing. Therefore, Pehčevo was called Pehčevo. But over time with the arrival of the Ottomans, the city changed its name to Pehčevo.

 

Geography

Pehčevo is located in the extreme eastern part of Macedonia, in the area of ​​Maleshevo, 10 km north of Berovo and 27 km south of Delchevo. About 20% of the territory of the municipality of Pehčevo are arable land, and the rest are pastures, forests and arable land. Pehčevo is located at 1,000 meters above sea level and after Krushevo, is the second highest city in Macedonia.

 

History

Before the Turks entered Maleshevo, at the end of the 14th century (1394-1395), part of the local population of Pehčevo was engaged in the exploitation of iron ore from Bukovic. According to written documents from 1580, this mine was started to be exploited by the Turkish authorities. Due to the good location, Pehchevo was inhabited by new inhabitants, mostly Muslims, originating from the hilly and mountainous areas of Asia Minor. With the new roommates, Pehchevo in the second half of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century gets an oriental look. Due to this physiognomy of the town, the Turks called it Osmanli Kasaba (Turkish town), as well as due to its convenient geographical location and openness to all Muslims. Already at the end of the 19th century, the town grew into a large administrative center of the Turkish administration for the wider region of the entire Maleshevo region. It was at that time that the Pehchevo kaza based in Pehchevo was formed. In the last years of the 19th century, in Pehcevo there were nine houses located in the center of the town, a clock tower with a specific bell that could be heard far away, an administrative building of kaza (ukumat), a pharmacy and other facilities. During World War I, most of the buildings that had oriental shapes, including the restored clock tower, were destroyed. In this war, Pehchevo also lost many of its inhabitants as a result of emigration, mostly from the Muslim population.

According to the data of Vasil K'nchov ("Macedonia. Ethnography and Statistics") from 1900, the town of Pehchevo had 4,070 inhabitants, of which 3,300 were Macedonian Muslims, 700 were Macedonian Christians and 70 were Roma.

Air conditioning
The climate in the municipality and the city is continental, with moderately hot summers and long cold winters. The average annual temperature is 9 ° C, and the average relative humidity is 72% with precipitation of 544.3 mm per year.

 

Tourism

Only 10 km from Pehcevo is the famous tourist place Ravna Reka. Here are the famous Pehcevski waterfalls, the source of Bregalnica, beautiful summer houses and sports fields. The place abounds with beautiful cottages and two fishponds.

Archaeological sites
Bukovic - a settlement from late antiquity;
In the River - a mine from late antiquity;
Gradishte (or Monastery) - a building from Roman times;
Monastery - early Christian church;
Rudishte (or Rakovec) - late antique and medieval mining settlement; and
Settlement - a settlement from late antiquity.