Probištip (Пробиштип, Probishtip)

 

Probištip - a city in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia, administrative center of the municipality of the same name. It is known as a mining town, because near it is the lead and zinc mine "Zletovo". In addition to mining, the city also has an industrial capacity for the production of batteries and accumulators.

It has an area of ​​329 km2 and is the center of the Municipality of Probistip which contains 37 settlements.

The city has 10,816 inhabitants, and the municipality 16,193 inhabitants. The town of Probistip does not exist as a separate statistical unit, but the number of its inhabitants is obtained by a sum of three separate statistical units: the village of Probistip, the unit Industrial settlement and the suburban settlement Kalnishte.

 

History

Medieval period
This settlement is one of the oldest villages in the Zletovo area, whose origins date back to the early 14th century. The beginning of its occurrence is directly related to the name of this village. Namely, the origin and the name of this village is probably based on the name of the family Probistoviti, who had their own property in that place, and that is the time when these parts were part of the medieval Serbian state. This is more specifically confirmed on the basis of a document from 1350, which mentions the name of someone Ivan Probistitovic, who bought a property in Stip, and lived on the property in the area of ​​the current village Probistip. Probably with spontaneous language modification, according to the name of Probistitovic, under the influence of the proximity of the city of Stip, instead of Probistitovic, Probistipovic is used. The property on which the Probistovit family lived, grows and grows into a small village settlement, which gets its name from its first inhabitants, first as Probistit, and later Probistip. This interpretation of the origin of the name of the village Probistip, is practically an answer to the question about the origin and origin of the name of the town Probistip, although there are several folk legends about the origin of the name Probistip, but still they are just legends without scientific basis for logical assumption.

Ottoman period
The medieval village of Probistip was probably displaced during the Karposh Uprising (1689), and later settled not only the Macedonian population but also a large number of Turks. This imposes the conclusion that in the village of Probistip there were no natives, but all the ancestors of the inhabitants of this village are immigrants in it, immigrated during the 19th and 20th century. At the end of the 19th century in the village of Probistip lived 233 inhabitants, and seven decades later, in 1971, 455 inhabitants. At the time of centuries of Turkish slavery, the inhabitants of this village were cousins ​​on the property of rich Turkish beys, but some of the cousins ​​managed to buy the land they cultivated, even before the Turks left the Balkans.

Contemporary history
The construction of the new mining-industrial settlement started in 1937 when a power plant was built here, it started with the flotation of lead-zinc ore and several residential buildings for the miners. Probistip, which bears the epithet, city of miners, was created after the end of World War II and the creation of the modern free Macedonian state within the then federal community of Yugoslavia. The city was born and grew in parallel with the development and growth of the lead and zinc mines "Zletovo". From the initial period of formation of the small settlement, through the period between 1950 and 1955, when the planned, and at that time the modernly urbanized so-called "Mining colony". The time after that, when the urbanized mining settlement slowly but surely grows into a small but modern and contemporary city, with a fully functional infrastructure and significant economic power and economic development. Probistip in its maximum reach, in the time of overall expansion and great success, enabled it as a city and municipality to be the richest in Macedonia, and the main bearer of successful economic development were the Mines "Zletovo" and the battery factory "Zletovo". The middle of the eighties, unfortunately, was the period when the first beginnings of the crisis appeared in the operation, management and production achievements in the Mines "Zletovo", and a few years later in the Battery Factory. The general crisis in the municipality of Probistip culminates in the period of transition, the time of self-existence and existence of the Republic of Macedonia as an independent and sovereign state, a crisis that threatens Probistip and its further existence as a city and municipality.

 

Climate

In terms of climate, the area is located in the southern part of the northern temperate zone, between areas where the effects of the Mediterranean climate are felt (Kochanska Kotlina and Ovche Pole) and the Osogovo massif where there is a pronounced mountain climate. This geographical position conditioned its climate to be characterized by elements of moderate continental, modified-Mediterranean and mountain climate.

Considering the relief in this area, two climatic regions can be distinguished: a region of temperate climate, with elements of a modified Mediterranean climate and a region of mountain climate.

The first region covers the area of ​​the Zletovo area south of Zletovo, ie the Zletovo field. With the valley of the Zletovska River this field is open to Mediterranean influences.

The second climatic region covers the area that extends north from Zletovo to the highest peaks of the area. As a mountainous area it is characterized by cool summer, cold spring and autumn, and cold and snowy winter.

The average annual air temperature is around 13 ° C, while the average temperature in the winter months ranges from 1 to 3 ° C, and in the summer months from 21 to 25 ° C. The amount of annual precipitation is about 600-650 mm.