Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Sognefjord

Sognefjord

 

 

 

Height: 3,000 ft (900 m)

Maximum width: 3 mi (5 km)

Depth: 3, 960 ft (1,200 m)

 

 

 

Description of Sognefjord

Sognefjord is the largest fjord in Norway that is situated in Sogn og Fjordane County. It is also the third longest in the World stretching for 205 kilometres (127 mi) all the way to a innermost arm of Lustrafjord that leads to a small village of Skjolden. Tourist cruise ships travel through the whole distance and makes stops in several locations allowing visitors to explore medieval villages and structures along a way. This include several stave wooden churches including Borgund Church, Kaupanger Church, Urnes Church and many others.

 

The formation of the Sognefjord began 2.57 million years ago during the Pleistocene. As a result of erosion caused by the convergence of glaciers, the river system turned into a fjord. At the same time, 7610 km³ of rock was destroyed over the entire area of the Sognefjord basin, which currently stands at 12,518 km². The average depression caused by erosion was 610 meters, and the maximum (in the eastern part) - 2850 meters. Annual erosion rates reached 2 mm per year.

 

The inner part of the fjord lies on the leeward side of high mountains like Breheimen (with the glacier Jostedalsbreen). Therefore, there is a significant difference in climate between pronounced maritime climate at the mouth into the open sea and continental climate at the inner end of the fjord and its side arms. Below the mouth of the fjord is a rocky outcrop that only lets the warm water from the North Sea flow into the fjord. As a result, the climate is mild and allows, especially on the north shore, extensive fruit cultivation.

 

 

The Sognefjord region is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has been attractive to tourists for a long time. It offers various national parks, such as the Jotunheimen National Park, the Jostedalsbreen Glacier National Park and the valleys Aurlandsdalen and Utladalen. The highest mountain pass in northern Europe, the Sognefjellsveien, runs through the Jotunheimen National Park. Another attraction point is the Vettisfossen in Øvre Årdal, with 275 meters free fall one of the highest waterfalls in Norway.

In addition to scenic features, there are numerous culturally interesting offers. The award-winning Norwegian Glacier Museum in Fjærland, a wild salmon center or Norway's oldest stave church, Urnes Stave Church are among them.

Scenically, this part of Norway is one of the most popular hiking regions in Norway. Glacier hikes, kayaking on fjords and glacial lakes and cruises or fjord cruises are some of the popular outdoor activities.

 

Borgund Church

Location: Borgund, Lærdal    Map

Borgund Stave Church is a medieval wooden church situated on the shores of Sognefjord near a village of Borgund, Lærdal. It was constructed in the 12th century. In addition to usual European Christian symbols it also contains several inscriptions using traditional runic writing.

 

 

 

Kaupanger Church

Location: Sogn og Fjordane County   Map

Kaupanger Stave Church is a another medieval church in the Sognefjord that was constructed in the mid 12th century.

 

Urnes Church

Location: Ornes Farm   Map

Urnes Stave Churh is situated on the Ornes Farm along an innermost arm of Sognefjord known as Lustrafjord. It was completed somewhere in the early 12th century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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