Molde

 

Molde is a municipality and a town in Romsdal in Møre og Romsdal. Today's municipality was established on 1 January 2020 by merging Nesset, Midsund and Molde. The municipality borders in the west to Aukra, in the southwest to Ålesund, in the north to Hustadvika and in the east to Gjemnes, Tingvoll and Sunndal and in the south to Vestnes and Rauma and to Lesja in the Inland. The city of Molde is the center of the municipality.

The municipality belongs to the Molde sheriff's district in Nordmøre and Romsdal police district, Romsdal parish and Frostating district. Molde previously covered the two parishes Molde and Bolsøy in Molde domprosti.

Molde became a market town in 1742 and originally covered the area that is now the city center.

In 1915 and 1952, the city boundaries were adjusted by incorporating parts of the surrounding Bolsøy county in Molde and in 1964 the two municipalities were merged. At the same time, parts of Veøy county, as well as the Mordal district in Nord-Aukra county were incorporated in Molde. With this, the population increased from 8,289 to 17,118. In 2020, Molde, Nesset and Midsund were merged into one large municipality that stretches from Lesja and Sunndal in the south and east and towards Ålesund in the west.

The name is believed to come from a Norse farm name, Moldar, a plural form of mold. The city coat of arms, a whale that chases herring into a barrel, refers to the herring fishery that saved the city from famine in the 1740s. At the same time, the whale, which followed the herring shoals into the fjords, was a sure sign that the spring herring fishing could begin.