Stavanger is a city and municipality in Rogaland located in southwestern Norway. Stavanger is Norway's fourth largest urban municipality with 142,034 inhabitants (1 January 2020). On 1 January 2020, Finnøy municipality and Rennesøy municipality were merged with Stavanger into a new Stavanger municipality. The municipality is located on Nord-Jæren and together with Sandnes, Sola and Randaberg constitutes the country's third largest urban area with 242,819 inhabitants. Stavanger municipality borders Randaberg, Sandnes, Sola, and in the north to Bokn. Stavanger is the administration center in Rogaland county and the seat of the county governor, the county administration and the Stavanger diocese. The city is also the seat of Stavanger District Court, Rogaland Police District and the sea division in the Norwegian Mapping Authority. Stavanger is considered the administrative, economic and cultural center in the county and is the city of residence for several actors and institutions in culture, finance, health, research and education. The Stavanger region consists of 13 surrounding municipalities according to the metropolitan report from 2002. As of 1 April 2015, the population in the region was 332,405. The region has over 70% of the inhabitants in Rogaland and just under 25% of the inhabitants in Western Norway.

Stavanger is today considered the center of the oil industry in Norway and is one of Europe's energy capitals and is often called the "oil capital". Forus Business Park is located on the municipal border between Stavanger, Sandnes and Sola and is one of the country's largest business parks with 2,500 companies and almost 40,000 jobs. The Nordic region's largest company, Equinor, is headquartered at Forus in Stavanger, and in addition several international oil and gas companies have their Norwegian office in the city. As a result, the city is considered to be very international, with an immigrant share of 21.1%. Several government actors such as Petoro, the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the Petroleum Safety Authority Norway also have their headquarters in Stavanger. Stavanger also houses several institutions of higher education, with the University of Stavanger being the largest. The university offers several doctoral programs, including in petroleum technology and offshore technology. The city is also the residence of Stavanger University Hospital (SUS), Helse Vest, the Norwegian Petroleum Museum, the research institute International Research Institute of Stavanger, Rogaland Theater, Stavanger Concert Hall, Department of Gastronomy and the recruit school KNM Harald Haarfagre. Stavanger Airport is located in the neighboring municipality of Sola and is one of the Nordic region's busiest airports.

Stavanger organizes Offshore Northern Seas every other year, which is the world's second largest exhibition and conference for the energy sector. The happy food festival is also held every year in Stavanger and is considered to be one of Scandinavia's leading food festivals. The city is also known for being one of the country's foremost culinary clusters. In 2008, Stavanger was the European Capital of Culture, and the city also hosted the Spellemann Prize from 2013 to 2015.