Porto, Portugal

Porto is a Portuguese city and capital of the sub-region of the Metropolitan Area of Porto and of the North region, belonging to the district of Porto.

It is the seat of the Municipality of Porto, which has a total area of 41.42 km2, 231,962 inhabitants in 2021 and a population density of 5,165 inhabitants per km2, subdivided into 7 parishes[4]. The municipality is limited to the north by the municipalities of Matosinhos and Maia, to the east by Gondomar, to the south by Vila Nova de Gaia and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean.

It is the city that gave its name to Portugal – very early on (c. 200 BC), when it was called Portus Cale, later becoming the capital of the Portucalense County, from which Portugal was formed. It is also a city known worldwide for its wine, its bridges and contemporary and ancient architecture, its historic center, classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the quality of its restaurants and its gastronomy, its main football teams, Football Clube do Porto, Boavista Futebol Clube, Sport Comércio and Salgueiros, for its main public university: the University of Porto, ranked among the 200 best universities in the world and among the 100 best universities in Europe, as well as for the quality of its centers hospital.

It is the seat of the Metropolitan Area of Porto, which groups 17 municipalities with 1,737,395 inhabitants in an area of 1,900 km², with a population density close to 914 inhabitants/km², which makes the city the 13th most populous urban area in the European Union. and the second most populous area (NUTS III) in Portugal. Porto and the Porto Metropolitan Area constitute the structural nucleus of the North Region, which has a population of 3,689,609 inhabitants (2011 Census), and is therefore the most populous region (NUTS II) in Portugal. It comprises 8 sub-regions or level III units (NUTS III).

Porto, together with the neighboring municipalities of Vila Nova de Gaia and Matosinhos, forms the Atlantic Front of Porto, which constitutes the most urbanized population center in the Metropolitan Area, located on the coast, delimited, to the west, by the Atlantic Ocean, with the structural influence of the Douro River estuary, which links Gaia to Porto. The city is the most important in the highly industrialized coastal area of the North Region, where most of the most important economic groups in the country are located, such as Altri, Grupo Amorim/Corticeira Amorim, Banco BPI, BIAL, EFACEC, Frulact, Lactogal, Millennium BCP, Porto Editora, Sonae, Unicer or Grupo RAR. Associação Empresarial de Portugal is headquartered in Porto. The North Region is the only Portuguese region that exports more than it imports.


Getting here

By airplane
The city is served by an airport, Francisco Sá Carneiro, in Pedras Rubras, Maia (IATA code: OPO), which receives frequent flights from the main European cities and to Lisbon and Madeira/Funchal. The airport is considered the third best European airport, receiving this distinction after the refurbishment works.

The airport has a metro station with a direct connection to the city centre, which is around 15 km away. The ticket costs €1.35.

A taxi to the center costs around 20 euros.

Company Destinations Telephone/Website
Aigle Azur Paris - Orly Tel.: +351 229 432 530

Air Berlin Palma de Mallorca Tel.: +351 808 202 737

Brussels Airlines Brussels Tel.: +351 707 200 424

easyJet Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg; Geneva; Lyon; London-Gatwick; Milan-Malpensa; Paris-Charles de Gaulle Tel.: +351 808 204 204

Iberia Madrid Phone: +351 707 200 000

Lufthansa Frankfurt Tel.: +351 229 437 900

Luxair City of Luxembourg Tel.: +352 245 642 42

Ryanair Baden Baden; Barcelona-Girona; Barcelona-El Prat; Birmingham (seasonal); Bologna; Bordeaux; Bremen; Bristol (seasonal); Brussels-Charleroi; Carcassonne; Dublin (seasonal); Dusseldorf Weeze; Eindhoven; Faro; Frankfurt-Hahn; Las Palmas; Lille; Liverpool (seasonal); London-Gatwick; London-Stansted; Maastricht; Madrid; Marrakech; Marseille; Milan-Bergamo; Munich - West; Paris - Beauvais; Pisa (seasonal); Rodez; Saint-Etienne; Tenerife; Tours; Valence; Praia da Vitória Phone: +353 1 249 7791/7700

Boston International Room (seasonal); Thin tip; Third (seasonal); Toronto (seasonal) Tel: +351 229 470 330

TAP Portugal Amsterdam; Barcelona; Brussels; Funchal; Geneva; Lisbon; London - Gatwick; Luxembourg City; Madrid; Milan - Malpensa; New York; Paris - Orly; Porto Santo (seasonal); Rio de Janeiro; Pomegranate; São Paulo; Caracas; Zurich; Praia da Vitória Phone: +351 707 205 700

Transavia.com Funchal; Nantes; Paris - Orly Tel.: +351 707 780 009

by train/train
It is possible to reach Porto by train from the main cities in Portugal, and there is also a train connection with the city of Vigo, in Galicia, Spain, which ends in this city. There are two main train stations: Campanhã, which serves as a hub for connections with the rest of the country, and São Bento, located in the historic center of the city and a monument in itself. Both are interconnected to the metro network.

by bus/coach
The city has regular bus connections to and from most of the country, particularly the North.

By car
There are 4 main highways in this city: A1 that connects Lisbon to Porto, A28 that connects Viana do Castelo to Porto, A3 that connects Spain to Porto, passing through Braga and A4 that connects Porto to Amarante, from where you can go to Vila Real and Bragança to the border with Spain.

Of boat
The Port of Leixões receives several cruise ships (65 thousand per year) and in 2014 the new passenger terminal will allow easier access to the city.


Transport in the city

STCP, which provides public transport in Porto, offers the Andante Tour ticket, which allows you to travel on the entire Andante network (metro, trains on the STCP network, some buses), with no zone limits, for 24 or 72 hours (prices : 7 and 15€, respectively). To stay in the central region alone, it costs €3.45. To use this or any other means of STCP transport, you must buy a rechargeable Andante card for €1.10 at points of sale (metro stations, STCP stores, etc.)

by train/train
There are several lines to the suburbs and nearby cities, such as Braga, Guimarães, Marco de Canaveses, Aveiro and Leça do Balio.

By subway
Nowadays, the city has a very modern and practical system with five metro lines (VLT), connecting the neighboring areas with the city center. For all other areas not covered, buses can be used, as the ticket is the same.

by tram/tram
A line of trams (trams) returned to operation in 2007 between Batalha and Carmo, passing through some important streets such as Rua de Santa Catarina, Rua dos Clérigos and Praça da Batalha.

by bus/coach
There are tourist buses (Sightseeing Tours Porto Vintage) that make two circuits and stop at the main places of interest. The ticket is valid for 24 hours and you can enter and exit freely as many times as you like. The same ticket is valid for the same period for normal buses.

By car
Countless motorways serve the city, connecting to the south (peripheral cities of Vila Nova de Gaia, Espinho), east (Vila Real, Amarante and Douro), and to the north (Vila do Conde, Póvoa do Varzim, Braga, Guimarães and Viana do Castle).

There are also several bridges, 2 city rings and several parks in the city centre.



The most touristic part of the city is Cais da Ribeira. Lively day and night. It was in this area and in its commercial connection with the Douro River that the city began. You can stroll through the narrow streets, enjoy the views over the city of Gaia and its Port Wine warehouses, visit some of the museums and churches in this area (Casa do Infante, Palácio da Bolsa, Igreja do Convento de S.Francisco and Museu dos Transport and Communications), take a boat trip (adapted from the old Rabelo boats that transported Port wine) or eat in one of the many traditional restaurants. There is a tourist office in this area where you can collect all kinds of information.

Take the opportunity to appreciate the iron work and cross the D. Luis bridge to Cais de Gaia, take a guided tour of one of the famous Port wine cellars, which usually includes a tasting of this excellent nectar. Cais de Gaia is also the place where you can have the best view over the city of Porto.

Use the Porto Vintage tourist bus and head to Carmo. Here you can enjoy the Jardim da Cordoaria, one of the oldest in the city, the Church and Tower of Clérigos and the Libraria Lello, with a neo-Gothic façade. Go down Rua dos Clérigos and enjoy Avenida dos Aliados topped by the Paços do Concelho (1920) and various buildings. If you want to have a coffee or something to eat, choose Café Guarany. Discover the statues that proliferate there, such as the tribute to Ardina (newspaper seller). Continue on to S. Bento Station and further on to the Cathedral. On one side of the Sé square is the Episcopal Palace, a baroque building.

Next to the Cathedral is the Historic Center, classified by Unesco as a World Heritage Site in 1996, and which goes down to Ribeira. Pay attention if you plan to visit this area. Alternatively, you can head to Rua de Santa Catarina to go shopping or rest in one of the many cafes there.

From Rua de Santa Catarina you can visit the Mercado do Bolhão, enjoying the typical atmosphere of this place.

In the Bolhão area, you can take the Metro (or return to the Porto Vintage Bus circuit) and go to Casa da Música, in Boavista. There are guided tours of the building, so you should find out in advance about the times if you want to make one of these visits or if you want to watch a show. Foz do Douro Use the Porto Vintage Bus again and go down Avenida da Boavista to the Serralves Museum, or continue and go towards the Atlantic and stroll along the seafront or choose one of the esplanades and enjoy.


Museums and churches

Clérigos Church and Tower – the Barrico style church was built between 1732 and 1750. If you dare, climb the 240 steps of the Tower and enjoy a panoramic view of the entire city.
Cathedral – A romantic building from the 12th and 13th centuries, it underwent several renovations over time.
S. Bento Station – Atrium lined with 20,000 tiles by Jorge Colaço.
Casa do Infante – Former Alfândega do Porto building is currently the Municipal Historical Archive. It has a model where you can see how the city began.
Palácio da Bolsa – Neoclassical style building built in the mid-19th century. Inside, the Arab Room stands out.
National Museum of Soares dos Reis – Collection of Portuguese and foreign sculptures and paintings from the 16th to the 19th centuries. XX.
Serralves Museum
church of s. francisco



Porto in the summer has several beaches that you can enjoy, most of which are blue flag, and Vila Nova de Gaia has close to 12 km of blue flag beach, with easy access by train from the city center (S.Bento / Campanha) . Foz do Porto also has several km of blue flag beach, with unique geological features and great for a stroll. Matosinhos has an extensive sandy beach, easily accessible by metro (Blue line towards Senhor de Matosinhos).



Arrábida Bridge
D.Luiz Bridge
D. Maria Pia bridge
Freixo Bridge
Infante's Bridge
St. John's Bridge



city's park
Palm Tree Garden (Foz)
Crystal Palace Gardens
Serralves Gardens


Squares and avenues

Liberty avenue



Serralves – Museum of Contemporary Art, in a building designed by the architect Siza Vieira, an Art-Deco Villa with a magnificent garden.
Porto Exit Games - Play an escape game at Porto Exit Games. If you like riddles, mysteries and a good challenge, Porto Exit Games brings you innovative challenges! For 60 minutes you and your friends will be locked in rooms. They will be transported to new realities as protagonists of a stimulating game in which the main challenge is to escape in time!



The city's festival is S.João, which is celebrated on the 24th of June. In the early morning of the 23rd to the 24th, everyone goes out to eat grilled sardines, have fun at the various dances organized throughout the city or watch the fireworks that take place at midnight over the Douro river and which can be seen from Cais da Ribeira or Cais de Gaia.

Queima das Fitas - Academic week that brings thousands of students to the streets and to the city park to celebrate another year of the University of Porto and for many their last year (finalists). Others celebrate the beginning (freshmen). Don't miss the academic procession or, if you prefer, see the concerts and atmosphere of the fireworks.



Port Wine – You are in the right place to buy it. You can buy it directly at the Cellars (where you can taste it) or at the various wine shops or supermarkets in the city. In principle, the more expensive the better.
Clothes and shoes – especially during sales season.
Rua de Santa Catarina, located in the center of the city, is the ideal place for strolling and shopping. In the middle of this street you will find Café Majestic, one of the most famous in the city, with “Belle Epoque” decoration.


Where to eat

The typical dishes of the city are tripas à moda do Porto and francesinha. The francesinha is a sandwich stuffed with various types of meat, covered with cheese and drizzled with a spicy sauce. It must be accompanied with beer and can be ordered in most cafes. The restaurants serve all kinds of typical Portuguese dishes and you can always opt for cod dishes, such as cod with cream and cod with bread. Accompany meals with green wine, usually white, typical of the northern region of Portugal.

Esplanada Marisqueira The Old Rua Roberto Ivens, 628 - Matosinhos, 229 380 660 ✆.



Piolho, more than a café/tavern, is a symbol of the city of Porto. Main night spot

Rua Galerias Paris, bustling with bars and sometimes street concerts.



Alma Porto Hostel, Rua do Bonfim, 305B (By metro, exit at Campo 24 de Agosto station towards Rua do Bonfim, go up the street to number 305B. By train, exit at Campanhã station, go up Rua Pinto Bessa until the church of Bonfim. Check-in: 14:00, check-out: 12:00. We are a small Hostel, decorated with soft colors, leisure areas, and a relaxing atmosphere. In line with the characteristics of the architecture of the city of Porto at the time, the house has ceilings decorated with decorative stucco, and areas covered with traditional Portuguese tiles. Outside there is a garden of about 200m2 "populated" by a lemon tree, a fig tree and some camellias, among other species.
Escondidinho Bed & Breakfast, Rua Passos Manuel, 135, (+351)22 200 40 79 ✆, fax: (+351)22 202 60 75, info@residencialescondidinho.com.pt.
Gallery Hostel Porto Rua Miguel Bombarda, 222, info@gallery-hostel.com. The Gallery Hostel is located in a privileged area of Porto, known as Rua das Galerias de Arte. Located in the heart of the city, more precisely on Rua Miguel Bombarda, the Hostel is surrounded by the most attractive points of Porto such as museums, monuments, gardens, restaurants and bars.
Hotel Ibis Porto Gaia, Avenida Rua Martires de São Sebastião 247, (+351)772 82 00 ✆.
Hotel Ibis Porto Sao Joao, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, (+351)22 551 31 00 ✆.
Hotel Ibis Porto Norte, Auto Estrada Porto Braga S. Mamede do coronado K11, (+351)22 986 76 00 ✆.
Hotel Ibis Porto Sul Europarque, Espargo europarque, (+351)256 332 507 ✆.
Residential Alvares Cabral. Residencial Álvares Cabral is a cozy family residence in the center of Porto. All 18 rooms have a separate shower and bath, cable TV and 24-hour room service. Easy parking and laundry are other services this guesthouse has to offer.
Oporto Excentric Design/Surf Hostel, Estrada Exterior da Circunvalação, 13310, +351 224 069 200 ✆. Check-in: 14.00h, check-out: 17.00h. Each room at the Hostel is decorated on the various points of interest in the city, such as: Serralves Foundation, Casa da Música, Parque da Cidade, Casa da Animação, S. Bento Station, Café Majestic, Ardina, etc. All rooms are equipped with wooden floors and modern design furniture. Intense images decorate the walls and create a pleasant atmosphere. Free WiFi is available throughout the entire hostel. Guests at Oporto Excentric can enjoy a flat-screen TV in the cozy lounge, with a comfortable sofa and pillows. There is also a common kitchen with a dining area. 23.
Porto Youth Hostel.
Rivoli Cinema Hostel, Rua Dr. Magalhães Lemos, 83, 00351-220174634 ✆, rivolicinemahostell@gmail.com. Check-in: 14:00, check-out: 12:00. We are the only film hostel in Portugal. Here you can choose the room by name of director or film, all rooms are decorated with objects related to the film. We have a fully equipped kitchen for the use of all guests, a lounge area with tv, playstation, wii, + 300 dvd and a terrace on the top floor with more than 130m2 perfect for sunbathing or just to drink a port wine with a 360º view of the city

Hotel Mercure Porto Batalha, Praça da Batalha 116, (+351)22 204 33 00 ✆, h1975@accor.com.
Hotel Mercure Porto Gaia, Rua Manuel Moreira de Barros 618D, (+351)22 374 08 01 ✆, h3347@accor.com.
Hotel Novotel Porto Gaia, Lugar das Chãs Afurada, (+351)22 772 87 00 ✆, h1050@accor.com.
Vila Gale Porto, Av. Fernão Magalhães, nº 7 4300-190 PORTO, (+351) 225 191 800 ✆, porto@vilagale.pt. For your holidays in Porto, choose the Vila Galé hotel and spa. Ideal conditions for organizing events and meetings. Online reservations.
Apartments in Porto (seasonal apartments Porto), Rua Pedro Hispano, 411, (+351) 224 066 344 ✆, info@flatinporto.com. These are ready-to-use furnished and equipped apartments for short stays in the city of Porto.

Pestana Porto Hotel (Pestana Hotels & Resorts), Praça da Ribeira, 1, +(351) 223 40 23 00 ✆, fax: (+351) 223 40 24 00.
inPátio Guest House (inPátio GH), Pátio de São Salvador nr.22 (to Mercado Ferreira Borges), +(351) 934323448 ✆, fax: (+351) 222085479.



Republican National Guard Rua do Carmo, 11, 223 399 711 ✆.
Public Security Police Rua Augusto Rosa, 222 006 821 ✆.
Tourism Police Rua Clube dos Fenianos, 11, 222 081 833 ✆, prtetur@psp.pt.
Municipal Police Bairro Rainha D. Leonor, 226 198 260 ✆, policiamunicipal@cm-porto.pt.



School Hospital S. João Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 225 512 100 ✆.
General Hospital of Santo António Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 222 077 500 ✆.
Hospital Joaquim Urbano Rua Câmara Pestana, 348, 225 899 550 ✆.
Hospital Magalhães Lemos Rua Prof. Álvaro Rodrigues, 226 192 400 ✆.



Foundation and First Peoples

It originates from a Celtic, pre-Roman village. In Roman times it was called Cale or Portus Cale, being the origin of the name of Portugal.

On the 27th of April, 711 A.D. the beginning of the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, with the landing in Gibraltar of a Moorish army of 9000 men, led by Táriq Ibn Ziyad. In 714 they took Lisbon, and in 715 the Islamic forces reached the northern region of what we now know as Portugal, taking the main towns and cities, such as Porto and Braga. In 716 practically the entire Peninsula was under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, with the exception of a small mountainous area in Asturias, where the Christian resistance took refuge.

A century and a half later, in 868, the first attempts at a definitive reconquest appear. Vímara Peres, founder of the Portucalense land, made an important contribution to the conquest of the territory, thus restoring the city of Portucale.

Finally, and two centuries after the beginning of the invasion, in 999, Gascon nobles, among which was D. Nónego bishop of Vendôme in France and later bishop of Porto, entered with a large fleet at the mouth of the Douro River, to expel the moors. This armada, which became known as the Armada dos Gascões, associated with D. Munio Viegas, conquered the city of Porto from the Moors to dedicate it to the Virgin Mother of God. After this battle, D. Munio and the "French" tried to rebuild Porto. They erected the old and strong walls, and in the highest part of the city, they founded a fortified and well-fortified citadel which, after Count Henrique, served as the residence of the bishops, to whom it was donated. The tower and the main door were the work of D. Nónego, who, in memory of his homeland, named it Vandoma door, and who built a sanctuary on the front of the tower, where he placed the image of Our Lady of Porto, which he had already brought with him. with you from France.

In 1111, Teresa de Leão, mother of the future first king of Portugal, granted Bishop Hugo the Couto of Porto. The image of Our Lady is part of the city's coat of arms. Hence the fact that Porto is also known as the "city of the Virgin", epithets to which must be added those of "Old, Very Noble, Semper Leal and Invicta", which have been attributed to it over the centuries and in the wake of deeds values of its inhabitants, and which were ratified by decree of D. Maria II of Portugal.


XIV and XV centuries

The city was nicknamed "Paradise" by D.Fernando who, during his childhood, visited the city several times accompanied by the greatest and most powerful descendants of the great Portuguese noble families such as D.Dinis de Aveiro, a great friend of his.

During the dynastic crisis of 1383-1385 the city remained, most of the time, loyal to the Master of Avis, illegitimate son of D.Pedro and half-brother of D.Fernando. In 1384, near what is now the north bank of the city of Porto, a Castilian expeditionary force, which had entered Portugal through Galicia, is faced by a small Portuguese garrison composed of about 180 men, whose function was to patrol the illegal passage across the Douro river. The Castilian force, much more numerous, had about 650 men, among which 500 were pawns and the rest a mixture of 150 Castilian and French nobles whose objective was to join the army of D.Juan of Castile for the siege of Lisbon . This small skirmish took place on the morning of July 16, 1384 and had a pleasant outcome for the Portuguese who, even with such a numerical disadvantage, managed to chase away the Castilians who left in disarray for the north of Portugal. The supplies they were bringing to relieve the Castilian troops in the siege of Lisbon were seized by Pedro Rito and Dinis Oliveira, officers of the Portuguese garrison. Who says that this small battle was decisive for the outcome of the siege in Lisbon, because in addition to the Castilian troops losing a reinforcement of 650 men, all the supplies they brought as food and siege weapons were seized and never reached the rest of the army .

It was within its walls that the marriage of King D. João I with the English princess D. Filipa de Lencastre took place. The city was the birthplace of Infante D. Henrique, known as the Infante de Sagres or The Navigator.

Due to the sacrifices that the city made to support the preparation of the armada that left, in 1415, to conquer Ceuta, with the population of Porto offering the expeditionaries all the meat available, leaving only the "guts" to feed the natural ones. from Porto earned the nickname "tripeiros", an expression more affectionate than pejorative. This is also the reason why the city's traditional dish is still, nowadays, "Tripas à moda do Porto".


18th and 19th centuries

The city played a key role in defending the ideals of liberalism, more specifically in the battles of the 19th century. Incidentally, the courage with which he endured the siege by Miguelista troops during the civil war of 1832-34 and the valiant deeds undertaken by its inhabitants — the famous Siege of Porto — even earned him the attribution, by Queen D. Maria II, of the title — unique among other cities in Portugal — of Invicta Cidade do Porto (still present today on the coat of arms), hence the epithet with which it is often mentioned by anonymity - the «Invicta». It houses in one of its many churches - that of Lapa - the heart of D. Pedro IV of Portugal, who offered it to the city's population in honor of the contribution made by its inhabitants to the liberal cause.

City awarded the Military Order of the Tower and Sword, of Valor, Loyalty and Merit on April 26, 1919.



The territory of Porto has an area of 45 square kilometers and a population of around 240,000 people, making it the second largest urban agglomeration in the country. The city is known as the capital of the North and its Historic Center has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.

The geographical location of the city, combined with a network of motorways, allows you to easily reach regions such as Galicia, Algarve, Lisbon, Coimbra or other places. Porto is ranked as the 3rd Portuguese city with the most livable living conditions, as measured by a study published annually by Expresso.

The city of Porto has a Mediterranean climate of the Csb type according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. In winter, temperatures vary between 5 °C and 14 °C, rarely falling below 0 °C. During this season, rainy periods alternate with cooler days with clear skies. In summer, temperatures vary between 15 °C and 25 °C, occasionally reaching or even exceeding 35 °C in July or August. Summer temperatures above 30 °C are rare due to the proximity of the ocean, however they occur when the wind blows from the east quadrant. Due to its geographical situation, cooler periods with precipitation can be common during the summer in wetter years. The low temperature range is due to the proximity of the ocean and the presence of the warm Gulf Stream.



The Porto Metropolitan Area is home to 1757413 inhabitants and has an area of 1900 km², with a population density close to 1098 inhabitants/km², which makes the city the 13th most populous urban area in the European Union, being, therefore, the second largest area (NUTS III) in Portugal. Porto and its metropolitan area constitute the structural nucleus of the North Region, which is the most populous region (NUTS II) in the country, concentrating almost 35% of the resident population in Portugal. Many of the city's oldest homes are at risk of collapsing. The population of the municipality of Porto has dropped by almost 100,000 since the 1980s, but the number of permanent residents in the periphery and satellite cities has grown strongly.

The city of Porto is known as Cidade Invicta and as the Capital of the North. It was the main city of Entre Douro e Minho and the capital of the Douro Litoral region, which are two identity territories that still today have strong cohesion, in physical, natural, human and social terms, being located in one of the core points of the hydrographic basin of the Golden River. Porto is often referred to as the Portuguese city with the most Central European temperament, due to the refined bucolism of its urban space (recalling the refinement of the commercial and capitalist cities of the central and Nordic countries of Europe that are located close to rivers and the ocean), arising from the structural influences that shaped its inhabitants and the temperament of the city: the Monarchy of Portugal, the cultural influence of the Jews and the strong connection to England, with a strong British presence. It is the city where the largest British community in Portugal lives and where the oldest and most consistent Jewish roots of the Portuguese can be found, through a very strong «Marrana», «Crypto-Jewish» and «New Christian» heritage.

In the city you will find the largest synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the largest in Europe – the Kadoorie Synagogue, built in 1938. Here you can learn about Jewish history and religion, get in touch with important historical objects and documents, as well as learn more about the Jewish community of Porto over the centuries until today.



The city region is where the majority of small and medium-sized companies in the country are located, and is also the one that most contributes to national exports, being the only region that exports more than it imports. The North Region produces 40% of the country's added value and has 50% of industrial employment, with a rate of coverage of imports by exports of 129%, against the national average of 74%. This region is served by two important infrastructures: the Port of Leixões, which represents 25% of Portuguese international trade and moves about 14 million tons of goods per year, and Francisco Sá Carneiro Airport, which is the best airport in Portugal in terms of space at the airport. In terms of cargo and passenger air movements, it is the second largest in Portugal, having been awarded as the best in the world in the category of airports with up to 5 million passengers and, in 2014, as the third best European airport.

The economic relations between the city of Porto and the Douro Valley are well documented since the Middle Ages. Nuts, dried fruits and olive oil supported a thriving trade between Porto and the region. From Porto, these products were exported to foreign markets in the Old and New Worlds. However, the great impetus for the development of inter-regional trade relations came from the Port Wine agro-industry. This activity definitely developed the complementary relationship between the large urban center on the coast and this region of enormous agricultural potential, particularly suited to the production of high quality fortified wines. The development of Porto was always closely linked with the south bank of the Douro, Vila Nova de Gaia, until 1834 an integral part of its term, where the cellars for aging the fine wines of the Alto Douro were established.

Porto has always rivaled Lisbon on an economic level. The wealthy class of industrialists in the region created, in the mid-nineteenth century, the powerful Associação Industrial Portuense, today Associação Empresarial de Portugal. The former Porto Stock Exchange was transformed into the largest Derivatives Exchange in Portugal, having merged with the Lisbon Stock Exchange, creating the Lisbon and Porto Stock Exchange. In 2002, BVLP became part of Euronext, together with stock exchanges from Belgium, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The building that housed the stock exchange for a long time, Palácio da Bolsa, headquarters of the Porto Commercial Association, is today one of the main tourist attractions in the city. Porto and the North region are the region where the majority of small and medium-sized companies are located and where the most productive agricultural regions are located, and also the region that most contributes to national exports, being the only region that exports more than it imports.

Porto is home to Jornal de Notícias, one of the largest national daily newspapers, and Porto Editora, the largest publishing company in the country, known for its dictionaries and school books.

In Porto, several roads and railway lines cross, which also contributed to make the city the main commercial center of the entire northern region. Despite the progressive outsourcing of the centre, industrial activity continues to be highly relevant, with textile, footwear, metalworking, ceramics, furniture, jewelery and other manufacturing activities working in its industrial belt, some still at an artisanal level.

As the most important city in the highly industrialized area of the north coast of Portugal, many of the most important economic groups in the country from different sectors – such as Altri, the Amorim group, Banco BPI, BIAL, EFACEC, Frulact, Lactogal, Millennium BCP, Porto Editora, Sonae, Unicer, Azeite Serrata and RAR – have their headquarters in the city of Porto or in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto.



As sights, the Clérigos Tower, designed by Nicolau Nasoni, and the Serralves Foundation, a contemporary art museum, stand out. The Historic Center is a World Heritage Site, classified by UNESCO. Foz is another highly touristic area, considered by many to be the most beautiful area of the city, where you can enjoy the beauty of the Atlantic Ocean combined with a beautiful and romantic promenade.

It was European Capital of Culture in 2001 (Porto 2001) and hosted several games of the 2004 European Football Championship, namely the opening game. Also in evidence is the Mercado do Bolhão, an architectural symbol of traditional commerce, where the famous market vendors, characteristic of the city, can be found. The intervention of the Architect Joaquim Massena is planned for the restoration and rehabilitation of the Mercado do Bolhão, providing it with health infrastructures for the trade of fresh products, as well as the inclusion of new functionalities, maintaining the entire Patrimonial structure.

The historic complex classified by UNESCO, is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the city of Porto, where you can find several points of commerce, squares and historic buildings, which are at the origin of the city, such as the Cathedral.

The Bom Pastor Convent, located in Paranhos, is also widely visited in the city, especially by Portuguese and German pilgrims, because Sister Maria do Divino Coração, Countess Droste zu Vischering, lived and died there with a reputation for holiness, who became known worldwide for having influenced Pope Leo XIII to carry out the consecration of the Human Race to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Later, in 1964, the nun was proclaimed Venerable by the Catholic Church and was then beatified on November 1, 1975 by Pope Paul VI. This convent has two chapels for public worship and a museum with numerous relics of the Blessed Mother Superior of the Sisters of Good Shepherd of that community.

In 2012 and 2014, the city of Porto was elected "Best European Destination", a distinction awarded annually by the "European Consumers Choice". In 2013, it was voted "Best Holiday Destination in Europe" by Lonely Planet. Also, in 2014, Business Destinations magazine, which annually organizes the Business Destinations Travel Awards, considered that Alfândega do Porto is the best space for "meetings and conferences" in Europe, choosing this congress center for its quality and insertion urban and, that same year, the European edition of the Wall Street Journal dedicated two pages to the city of Porto, which it suggested as the "fascinating and charming city... perfect for a long weekend". In 2015, the city of Porto was once again chosen as one of the main tourist destinations in Europe, making part of a list of 10 tourist centers made by the British newspaper The Guardian. In February 2017, Porto was again elected, by the "European Consumers Choice", "Best European Destination" of the year. It is the third time that the city has been distinguished with this award and the only one to achieve this feat three times.




Francisco Sá Carneiro International Airport (OPO), which is the best airport in Portugal in terms of terminal space. In terms of cargo and passenger air movements, it is the second largest in Portugal, having been awarded as the best in the world in the category of airports with up to 5 million passengers and, in 2014, as the third best European airport. After being radically rebuilt, its zone of influence spread throughout the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, being today a functional airport with contemporary architecture with capacity to receive up to 16 million passengers per year, considered by several international entities as the best in Europe in its category.

the Port of Leixões, which represents 25% of Portuguese international trade and moves around 14 million tons of goods per year, located in the neighboring municipality of Matosinhos, will undergo an expansion that will double the possibility of cargo, and will bring several luxury cruises to the port, or even the scientific studies carried out in the city that have already played a part in the history of World Science. Leixões was ranked in 2013 as one of the 125 busiest ports in the world.

Public transport in the city of Porto dates back to the year 1872, when the Companhia Carril Americano do Porto was a pioneer in starting its exploration in Portugal. A year later, Companhia Carris de Ferro do Porto was created. The merger of the two companies gave rise to Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto (STCP), which took its current name in 1946. STCP is in charge of operating the buses and tram lines that survived the golden age of these transports, being today sections are undergoing rehabilitation in downtown Porto.

The metro network is operated by the company Metro do Porto, which in all has 68 stations spread over 60.0 km of double-track commercial lines, with 8 km of underground network, arranged throughout the metropolis of Porto, thus becoming the largest metropolitan mass public transport network in Portugal. The Funicular dos Guindais, operated by Metro do Porto, is a railway on a cliff that quickly connects the Batalha area to Avenida Gustavo Eiffel, in Ribeira. The city also has a suburban rail network operated by CP: lines from Aveiro, Braga, Guimarães and Penafiel or Caíde.



The capacity of the city's road system is increased by the A20 motorway, an internal road connected to several motorways and city exits, complementing a peripheral road, which borders the north of the city and connects the eastern side of the city to the Atlantic coast. . The city is connected to Valença by the A28 motorway, to Estarreja by the A29, to Lisbon by the A1, to Bragança by the A4 and to Braga by the A3. There is also the Via de Cintura Interna, a ring road that connects all the main cities around Porto and that connect the city to other main metropolitan highways, such as the A7, A11, A42, A43 and A44. Since 2011, a new motorway, the A32, connects the metropolitan region to São João da Madeira and Oliveira de Azeméis.

The main bus terminals in the urban space of the city of Porto are the Bus Terminal of Campo 24 de Agosto and the Bus Terminal of Parque das Camélias (city of Porto), which are directly connected to the wider context of the Metropolitan Area of Porto. Porto, the Transport Coordination Center of Arouca and the Transport Coordination Center of São João da Madeira.

The need for a permanent crossing between the two banks of the Douro for the circulation of people and goods, led to the construction of the Ponte das Barcas in 1806, previously crossing the river was done using boats, rafts, barges or barges. The bridge consisted of 20 boats connected by steel cables and could open in two parts to allow passage for river traffic. The increase in traffic required the construction of a permanent bridge, which led to the construction of the D. Maria II suspension bridge in 1843, dismantled years later after the opening of the D. Luís I bridge in 1886, the oldest bridge in the city that remains active. With its two decks - the lower and the upper - it originally served as a road link between the lower and upper zones of Vila Nova de Gaia and Porto and, more generally, between the north and south of the country, for long decades. From the second half of the 20th century, however, it began to prove to be insufficient to ensure car traffic between the two banks, having been replaced by other bridges and after adaptation the upper deck was used by the Metro do Porto.

The D. Maria Pia Bridge, built between January 1876 and November 4, 1877 by Gustave Eiffel's company, was the first railway bridge to unite the two banks of the Douro. Equipped with a single line, which required the passage of one train at a time, at a speed that could not exceed 20 km/h and with limited loads, in the last quarter of the 20th century it became evident that the bridge was no longer responding satisfactorily to the needs. Which led to it being deactivated and replaced by the São João Bridge in 1991.

The Arrábida Bridge had, at the time of construction, the largest arch in the world in reinforced concrete, and constitutes the final stretch of the A1 motorway that connects Lisbon to Porto. Initially, the bridge had two lanes measuring 8 m each, separated by a raised lane 2 m wide; two lanes for cyclists each measuring 1.70 m and two 1.50 m wide sidewalks, also raised. Later, a traffic lane was added in each direction, built at the expense of eliminating cycle lanes and reducing the central divider. Despite the construction of the Ponte do Freixo, further upstream, the Ponte de Arrábida continues to be the main connection between the city of Porto and the south bank of the Douro.

Of the bridges that connect Porto to Vila Nova de Gaia, the Ponte do Freixo is the most upstream of the river. It was built in an attempt to minimize traffic jams experienced on the Arrábida and Dom Luís Bridges, particularly notorious since the late 1980s. It is, in fact, two bridges built side by side and 10 cm apart other. It is a road bridge with eight traffic lanes (four in each direction). The Ponte do Infante, named in honor of Infante D. Henrique, born in Porto, is the most recent that connects Porto and Gaia. It was built to replace the upper deck of the Dom Luís Bridge, meanwhile converted for use on the "Yellow Line" (Hospital de São João/Santo Ovídio) of the Porto Metro. It was built just upstream of the Dom Luís Bridge, in the heart of the historic area, connecting the Fontainhas neighborhood (Porto) to Serra do Pilar (Vila Nova de Gaia).



In the city of Porto there are several hospitals (both public and private), clinics and health centres. Some of the public hospitals in Porto are organized in a Hospital Centre, the Centro Hospitalar do Porto. The hospitals included in this Hospital Center are Hospital de Santo António, Hospital Maria Pia and Maternidade Júlio Dinis. In addition to these, there is also the Hospital de São João and the IPO. Among the private health services, Hospital da Luz Porto, Hospital da Boavista or Hospital da Luz Arrábida stand out.



The city of Porto has several schools and kindergartens, public and private, of primary, basic and secondary education, such as Escola Secundária Alexandre Herculano. In the Greater Porto area there are international schools such as the British Council Porto.

In Porto is located the University of Porto. There are also other universities such as the Catholic University of Portugal, the Lusíada University of Porto, the Fernando Pessoa University, the Portucalense University, the Lusófona University of Porto and the Polytechnic Institute of Porto. Porto is the place where the creation of a pioneering consortium in Portugal was formalized: the Consortium of Northern Universities (UniNORTE), which corresponds to an association/partnership between the University of Porto, the University of Minho and the University of Tras- os-Montes and Alto Douro, in order to share means, human resources and European funds.

Porto has two municipal libraries. The Municipal Public Library of Porto, where you can find, among others, books, magazines and newspapers published in Portugal and where you can find content with restricted access. The Almeida Garrett Municipal Library is a modern library, designed by the architect José Manuel Soares, for public reading where documents have free access.




The city has more than 10,000 annual events, from concerts to theaters, exhibitions or even parties with famous disc jockeys in one of the many nightclubs and bars in the city.

However, the biggest entertainment event continues to be São João do Porto, from the 23rd to the 24th of June, when thousands of people invade the streets of the city. In this event, special mention should be made of sardines, manjericos with the respective sanjoaninas quatrains, leeks, hammer blows and parish dancers.



Several dishes of traditional Portuguese cuisine originated in the city of Porto, whose identity (in terms of main meat and fish dishes, soups, starters and appetizers, wines and brandies, cheeses and sausages, as well as desserts and confectionery) is part of the broader gastronomic identity of the Entre Douro e Minho identity territory.

The typical dish par excellence of the city is tripe à moda do Porto, a historic dish that dates back to the time of the Portuguese discoveries, and which can be found in many of the city's restaurants. Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá is another emblematic dish of the city of Porto, much appreciated for its flavor and refinement, which also has an impact throughout the Portuguese territory, as well as in Brazil, since this has been populated, structurally, by Portuguese from the North from Portugal. Caldo Verde is also a typical soup, original and emblematic of Porto and the North region. The francesinha is, in recent times, the most famous dish, and consists of a sandwich stuffed with various meats (usually beef, sausage, fresh sausage and ham) and covered with cheese and a special sauce (sauce de francesinha).

The drink that bears the name of the city is Port wine, it is produced in the Alto Douro wine region (the oldest demarcated region in the world). Port wine is exported internationally from cellars located on the left bank of the Douro River, in Vila Nova de Gaia. In Porto, there is also the headquarters of the Viticulture Commission of the Vinho Verde Region, and green wine is also the type of wine, in addition to Douro wine, which usually accompanies various types of dishes of Porto cuisine. It is in Porto that the 'Vinho Verde Wine Fest' is held annually.


Cultural institutions

The city of Porto has several cultural spaces of reference in the region and at a national level. Among the various museums in the city, the Museum of Contemporary Art stands out, one of the most visited museums in the country, where works of art by various contemporary artists are also on display, alongside the typical flora of the northern region of Portugal in the surrounding area. Serralves Park. The Casa do Infante, dating from the 13th century and where Infante D. Henrique was born, is currently the city's medieval museum and district archive. Other museum houses include the Fernando de Castro House-Museum, Guerra Junqueiro House-Museum, Marta Ortigão Sampaio House-Museum and António Carneiro House-Workshop.

Inserted in the Alfândega Nova building, the Transport and Communications Museum aims to show the history of transport and means of communication. The Electric Car Museum, housed in the old Massarelos thermoelectric power station, has a collection of electric cars and trailers that circulated around the city. Annually, it organizes a parade of the museum's electric cars through the streets of the city, between Massarelos and Passeio Alegre.

The National Museum of Soares dos Reis, created in 1833 by D. Pedro IV, includes a large part of the sculptor's work. In Porto there are several thematic museums, namely: the Port Wine Museum, Industry Museum, Natural History Museum, Paper Money Museum, Numismatics Office, Museum of Sacred Art and Archeology, Porto Misericórdia Museum, National Museum of the Press, Newspapers and Graphic Arts, Portuguese Center of Photography, Romantic Museum of Quinta da Macieirinha, Military Museum of Porto, National Museum of Literature and Castelo do Queijo, famous for its viewpoint, is where several temporary exhibitions are held. Porto also hosts the foundations of António de Almeida, António Cupertino de Miranda, Ilídio Pinho and Guerra Junqueiro and Mesquita Carvalho.

The city's cultural auditoriums are, for the most part, buildings from the 19th and 20th centuries. The most daring and relevant construction in recent years is the Casa da Música, an architectural work that was conceived for the European Capital of Culture 2001 event, designed by architect Rem Koolhaas and internationally acclaimed. Teatro Rivoli, Teatro Nacional São João and Teatro Sá da Bandeira are important venues of historic and architectural importance, located in downtown Porto. There are also other auditoriums in the downtown area, such as the Coliseu do Porto and the Cine-Teatro Batalha, a historic cinema in the city to which the local expression "go to Batalha!" is linked. Other theaters include Teatro do Campo Alegre and Teatro Helena Sá e Costa, the latter is the stage for talents in training at the Porto School of Music and Performing Arts.



Influenced by the English families that explored the Port wine business, the first football matches in Portugal took place in the city of Porto. Porto has great sports clubs, the main ones being Futebol Clube do Porto, Boavista Futebol Clube and Sport Comércio e Salgueiros. There are also numerous smaller clubs, but with a social function of great importance. Estádio do Dragão, designed by Arq. Manuel Salgado, is the home of Futebol Clube do Porto. The stadium has been featured several times in international architecture magazines, where it was highly praised.

On an individual level, the most famous sporting personality from the city of Porto is the athlete Rosa Mota, winner of the marathon gold medal at the Seoul Olympic Games and bronze at the Los Angeles Olympic Games.

In the city, many sports events of the most varied modalities are organized. Mention should be made of the Porto Marathon in athletics, the historic races on the Circuito da Boavista and the Red Bull Air Races. Still in alternative sports, the city of Porto stands out for hosting several international competitions of the most varied sports, such as equestrianism. In this sport, in particular, there is even a candidacy for a qualifier for the equestrian world cup in Porto.

Boavista is home to the Boavista Urban Circuit, which takes place every two years. The Circuit usually has an average of 115 thousand spectators, integrating several categories, but the most anticipated is the WTCC, due to the man of the house Tiago Monteiro who was once a Formula 1 driver. The Urban Circuit has also hosted Formula 1 in 1958 and 1960, winning Jack Brabham (in 1960) for Cooper-Climax and Stirling Moss (in 1958) for Vanwall.