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Alaniya National Park

Image of Alaniya National Park



Location: North Ossetia- Alania  Map

Area: 54,926 ha


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Description of Alaniya National Park


Alaniya National Park is a protected nature reserve in North Ossetia- Alania region of Russia that was established in 1998. It covers a total area of 54,926 ha in this North Caucasian province. Alaniya National Park is a nature reserve around river Urukh basin in North Ossetia region. It is surrounded by picturesque Caucasian mountain ranges at an altitude of 800 to 4645 meters (Mountain Uilpata).


The main source of water to local flora and fauna is river Urukh that is created by the confluence of two rivers of Haresidon and Karaugomdon. Additionally there are about 70 large streams and rivers spread throughout Alaniya National Park. Much of the park is covered by low growing alpine tundra and coniferous forests that cover about one fifth of Alaniya National Park. The vegetation of the nature reserve is quiet diverse. Many of these plants are famous for medicinal and edible properties. Fauna is presented by martens, wild cat, roe deer, ermine and many others. Chamois boar is probably the most dangerous animal in the park. It is a fairly violent animal with poor vision, but given its size and force, last handicap is really a problem of whoever will encounter it.


Additionally Alaniya National Park is famous for historic landmarks. Skalistaya ("Rocky" in Russian) ridge has many caves and natural rock shelters that were inhabited by ancient people who settled these mountains during the Stone Age. Some of the most interesting historic landmarks in Alaniya National Park are Alan (native Caucasian tribe) catacomb burials at Kumbulte and Donifarse villages.


Medieval Towers (Alaniya National Park)

Medieval towers are a common site in the region of Alaniya National Park. Each was constructed by its family. Its primary role was to warn the villagers of the incoming enemy. Additionally its was also a sign of the might and importance of the family that built it. Towers occasionally served as a food storage during peaceful years.




Catacomb Burials (Alaniya National Park)

Location: Donifarse village 

Catacomb Burials in Alaniya National Park date back to the 3rd millennium BC when it was first inhabited by people. Few artifacts were discovered during archaeological digs. We know that some group of people lived here, buried their dead here and nothing more. Current people that live here claim that these strange stone burials were build by mysterious semi- legendary people known as "narts". They constructed several cities, roads and castle in the area. However they were hit by the epidemic of some terrible disease that wiped them out. Those who survived fled the area, leaving burials of their dead ones behind.


Burials at Kumbulte village (Alaniya National Park)

This is another burial ground that were credited to legendary heroes of Nart sagas.

Bagaj Castle (Alaniya National Park)

Location: Urukh river valley


Castle Fregat (Alaniya National Park)

Location: Hanaz Village









Hotels, motels and where to sleep



Restaurant, taverns and where to eat



Cultural (and not so cultural) events



Interesting information and useful tips



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