Ermak Travel Guide

 

The World at your fingertips 

 

 

 

Feel free to leave your comments below. If you want to share your knowledge, additional information or experience in a particular place your input is more than welcome.

Eski Kermen (Эски- Кермен)

Eski Kermen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

Description of Eski Kermen

Eski Kermen is an ancient settlement hidden in the mountains of Crimean Peninsula. It is one of the most unusual cities as it is carved into mountain. Despite centuries of erosion Eski Kermen is a perfectly preserved archeological site that is virtually unknown to foreign tourists.

 

Eski Kermen is a massive town that covers a total area of 8.5 hectares measuring 1040 meters in length by 170 meters in width. It was founded on cliffs at an elevation of 30 meters above surrounding plains. You can get here by taking a bus from Bakhchisarai to villages of Holmovka, Krasny Mak, Ternovka, and Zalesnoe. From here you will need to hike and climb to the top of the mountain. It has no visitor center and its trails are patchy so you will need a great degree of stamina and good physical fitness.

 

 

First settlement in Eski Kermen appeared here as early as late 6th century during rule of the Byzantium Empire. It was small protected citadel to signal large towns at the coast for any possible dangers from incoming enemies. A well was dug inside the mountain to secure it as a constant source of drinkable water. Eski Kermen began to expand in the 10th century and reached its heyday in the 12th and 13th century growing into a large medieval town. The streets of Eski Kermen were wide enough for a wagon to pass between the buildings. The city even had its own bishop with his own personal residence and a Basilica (central part of the plateau) that grew from a small church originally dating back to the 6th century.

 

Eski Kermen was besieged and captured during Mongol invasion in 1299 led by khan Nogay. Few residents came back to settle the city, but exactly 100 years after first invasion in 1399 another Mongol invasion under leadership of khan Edigey captured Eski Kermen. Most of its residents were either killed or sold into slavery. Eski Kermen wasn't rebuild and gained a notoriety as a haunted place. Local people avoided it altogether and simply referred to it as Eski Kermen that literally means "Old fortress" in Old Tatar.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

blog comments powered by Disqus