Ermak Travel Guide

 

The World at your fingertips 

 

 

 

Feel free to leave your comments below. If you want to share your knowledge, additional information or experience in a particular place your input is more than welcome.

Archangel Michael Cathedral (Собор Архангела Михаила) (Nizhny Novgorod)

 Archangel Michael Cathedral (Nizhny Novgorod)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

Description of Archangel Michael Cathedral

Archangel Michael Cathedral is the oldest cathedral in Nizhny Novgorod as it was built at the time when town was originally established. In 1221 new wooden Archangel Michael Cathedral was constructed and just six years later new stone version of the church was built. Archangel Michael Cathedral was reconstructed and renovated several times during its history. Current church was built in 1628 under supervision of an architect Lawrence Semenov and his stepson. In 1962 remains of Kuzma Minin were transferred to Archangel Michael Cathedral as it became the final resting of this prominent resident. In 2009 Patriarch Kirill presented the Cathedral with an icon of Kazan Mother of God.

 

 

 

In 1221, the year of the foundation of the city by the great prince Yuri II of Vladimir, a wooden church was built on the site of the current Archangel Michael Cathedral. Between 1227 and 1229, the structure was replaced by the first stone Orthodox Christian temple of the new city. It was characterized by the white color of the walls, the building was demolished and rebuilt in 1359, in order to become the church of the palace of the great prince. For a long time the sovereigns of the Nizhny Novgorod-Suzdal prince were buried in it.

The floor of the Archangel Michael Cathedral consisted of ceramic tiles decorated with six-pointed stars, painted with white plaster on a red background. In terms of materials and style, this type of floor was unprecedented in the field of Russian architecture. During the Tartar siege of 1377 the cathedral was burned and partially collapsed.

Between 1628 and 1631, when the city was subject to various maintenance works, which were necessary due to the damage caused by the period of the turbid, the Archangel Michael Cathedral was rebuilt. The patriarch of Moscow Filaret, who returned during those years from the Polish prison, took an interest in the reconstruction of the building. With the approval of the Tsar Michael and through the financing of the state treasury, the works were entrusted to Lavrentij Semenov and his stepson Antipa. Works began on April 23, 1628, the construction was completed three years later by Antipa Semenov, who took over from his stepfather who died during construction and was buried at the Ascension Pecherskiy Monastery. The restoration was dedicated to the popular militia of Kuz'ma Minin and Dmitrij Požarskij who in 1612 helped to free Russia from the Polish occupation. While respecting the size of the old building, various modifications affected the appearance of the structure, in particular in relation to the bell tower and the roof.

In 1672, a side altar was added to the building which, however, was later removed because it was considered a stranger to the original appearance of the cathedral. In 1704 and 1715 two fires damaged the iconostasis and only in 1732 was a recovery intervention implemented. In 1795, in 1845 and in 1910 the cathedral was the object of other restoration operations. In 1962, the ashes of Kuz'ma Minin, previously housed by the nearby Transfiguration Cathedral, destroyed by the Soviets, were moved to the cathedral of the Archangel Michael, where they still stand today. The structure also houses the mortal remains of the sons of the great prince Dmitrij Konstantinovic, Vasily Kirdjapa and Ivan.

On 3 November 2005, the Archangel Michael Cathedral was visited by the Patriarch of Moscow Alexei II. This event is commemorated by a commemorative plaque. On March 16, 2009, nine bells were donated to the temple by the Legislative Assembly of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Ten days later, the largest of the nine bells (weighing 530 kilograms) was hoisted on the building's bell tower. In September 2009 the new patriarch Cyril I, visiting the city, donated an icon of the Holy Virgin of Kazan to the cathedral.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

blog comments powered by Disqus