Putorana Plateaucovers an enormous
area of 1 773 300 ha in Krasnoyarsk Krai
in Russia.The highest peak on the
Putorana Plateau is
Mount Kamen ("rock" in Russia) that reaches a height of 1700 meters
Putorana Plateau is a basalt plateau on the North- West edge
of the Central Siberia. It is named after a Putorana Lake in its center.
Local Evenki tribe gave the lake its name and can be translated as
"smoky" or "cloudy" since it is commonly covered by a fog. Although
another local tribe of Yukagirs claim that name as their own and believe
it comes from a name that can be translated as the "Mountain without
tops". Whatever the entomology of the name might be one is certain, all
indigenous inhabitants of these lands considered Putorana Plateau as
sacred ground inhabited by a God of Fire. Beautiful legend was probably
formed during early human explorers who remembered the time when
Putorana Plateau saw active volcanic activity or showed signs of past
eruptions on the surface. Ancient shamans came here to pray, meditate,
perform elaborate religious ceremonies and leave offerings to the gods.
Majority of people were not allowed here.
The first European explorers came here in 1842- 45 by a
Russian geographical expedition. In 1930's presence of ethnic Russians
have surged. New technologies turned Putorana Plateau into an important
source of various materials needed for industrial revolution that was
undertaken by the Soviet government. Local native tribes (evenki, nenets,
nganasan and many others), nevertheless, often refused to join the
"civilized" form of live and still continue their traditional way of
life by herding caribou deer, hunting and fishing.