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Yeni-Kale Fortress (Ени-Кале)

Yeni-Kale

 

 

Location: Kerch, Crimean Peninsula Map

Constructed: 1699–1706 by Ottoman Turks

 

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Description of Yeni Kale Fortress

 

Yeni Kale Fortress is an old Turkish stronghold that is located near Kerch, Crimean Peninsula in Russia. It was built in the late 17th century  to defend outskirts of Ottoman Turkish Empire against approaching Russian Empire that was expending southward. Yeni Kale Fortress is an abandoned citadel situated on the shores of the Kerch Strait on the North- East edge of a town of Kerch. Construction of Yeni Kale castle began in 1699–1706 by Ottoman Turks in their futile attempt to stop the expansion of the emerging Russian Empire to the North. The name is translated from Turkish as the "New Fortress". It has a shape of an irregular pentagon with several layers at various elevations due to complexity of the complex terrain. Five vastions on all corners further strengthened the defenses of the castle to withstand a long siege and heavy artillery fire.

 

The stronghold of Yeni Kale occupied an important strategic location at the narrowest part of the Kerch Strait where it is only 4 km wide. It could easily block the passage of trade and military ships from Black Sea to Azov Sea with cannon fire. A serious problem of shortness of drinking water solved by the Turkish engineers. They dug a well inside a mountain and built underground ceramic aqueduct that carried water from a nearby spring several kilometers away from Yeni Kale. Its importance is further underlined by a fact that it became an official residence of a local Turkish pasha or a ruler of the region. After Crimean Peninsula fell under Russian control Yeni Kale housed only a small garrison of soldiers. In terms of military defense it became obsolete. It was remodeled in 1853- 56 during Crimean War. Several far range cannons were added, but Yeni Kale was completely abandoned in 1880.

 

Today Yeni Kale is open to the public. However it has minimal amenities for tourists. Trails are well marked, but it requires good physical fitness. Additionally don't forget that in the summer months Crimean heat can be unbearable. Take plenty of water and wear some sun protection to avoid heat stroke. In the 20th century a railroad was laid at the base of the mountain and connected Kerch ferry with other part of Crimean peninsula. Its constant vibration created a threat of gradual destruction of many of the old buildings so keep in mind that some of the structures are unsafe to enter. They might easily collapse so take caution as you explore the area of Yeni Kale.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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