Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, Russia


Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky is a city (since 1917) in Russia, the administrative center of the urban district "Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky District" of the Sakhalin Region of Russia.

Named after Russian Emperor Alexander II. It was organized as a military post of Alexander in 1881, the year of foundation of the settlement is controversial, usually 1869 is used.

Later it became one of the places of hard labor in the Russian Empire, mainly for criminals who worked in logging and coal mines.



It is located on the western coast of Sakhalin Island, on the shores of the Tatar Strait, 561 km north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 60 km from the Tymovskoye railway station and 75 km from Zonalnoe airport.
Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky is connected with the village. Tymovskoe by road P491 with a ground-crushed stone surface.



Aleksandrovsk was previously in the time zone designated according to the international standard as Vladivostok Time Zone (VLAT / VLAST). The offset from UTC is +10: 00. The offset relative to Moscow time (MSK / MSD) is +7: 00 and was designated in Russia as MSK + 7, respectively.

Currently, since 2015, Aleksandrovsk, like the entire Sakhalin Island, is located in the time zone designated by the international standard as Magadan Time Zone. The offset relative to UTC is +11: 00 The time zone has a constant offset of +8: 00 hours relative to Moscow time and is designated in Russia as MSK + 8, respectively.



The year the Alexandrovsky post was founded is controversial; local historians count it from different events:
1881 - the foundation of the military settlement of the post of Alexandrovsky (the city bore this name until 1926);
1869 - foundation of a farm at the site of the future post;
1864 - the first four settlers in the Alexander Valley (also called 1862, when 8 settlers arrived on Sakhalin).
Since 1909 it was the center of the Sakhalin region of the Russian Empire. From 1918 to 1920, power in the city belonged to the government of Admiral Alexander Kolchak. In the period from 1920 to 1925, the city was occupied by Japan.

From 1932 to 1947, Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky was the administrative center of the Sakhalin Oblast of the RSFSR.



The city houses the A.P. Chekhov Museum of Local Lore and the Chekhov and Sakhalin Historical and Literary Museum.

An architectural monument is the building of the former treasury, built in 1880. In the park of the museum there is a monument to A.P. Chekhov by Mikhail Anikushin.

3 km from the city - a lighthouse built in 1864 on Cape Jonquière. As of July 2013, the lighthouse and the building adjacent to it are in disrepair and are being destroyed by natural influences. Convicts manually cut a tunnel to the lighthouse through the rock, named after the Russian Emperor Alexander II (Alexander tunnel). And three years after the construction of the tunnel, a bypass road was built to the lighthouse through the hill. The tunnel has the form of an integral and its length is 87 m. The bending of the tunnel is associated with the absence of specialists in the construction of tunnels at the Aleksandrovsky post during construction. The tunnel was able to be connected only after the appearance of the exiled convict, who made the calculations, as a result of which the tunnel was straightened and connected. The leadership of the Prison Administration, having learned about the crooked tunnel, issued an order in which it was necessary to find the person responsible for the “crooked” construction and punish him with 200 lashes. The administration of the penal servitude lined up 200 convicts and each punished one blow with a whip, thus the order of the Prison Administration was executed.

The legendary Russian adventurer "Sonya Zolotaya Ruchka" (Sonya Goldenhand), who died of a "cold" in 1902, was serving hard labor at the Alexandrovsky post, as evidenced by the report of the prison authorities. She was buried at the local cemetery.

In front of the cape in the sea, not far from the coast, there are three picturesque rocks called "Three Brothers", which have become a symbol not only of Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, but of the entire Sakhalin Island.

Alexandrovsk in literature
In Chekhov's book "Sakhalin Island" several chapters are devoted to the description of Aleksandrovsk. The writer called the city “Sakhalin Paris”.

The main events of Valentin Pikul's novel “Hard labor” (1987) take place in Aleksandrovsk.



The city of Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky is equated to the regions of the Far North.

Average annual air temperature - 0.9 ° C
Relative air humidity - 78%
Average wind speed - 4.1 m / s