Argun, Russia



Argun (Chechen. Orga-Ggala, Ustargardoin-Evla) is a city in the Chechen Republic of the Russian Federation. The original Chechen name of the aul is Ustar-Gardoy, where the Turkic “master, gunsmith” is obsolete, and the guard is the name of one of the blade brands, that is, “masters forging blades with a guard”. After the deportation of the Chechens and the liquidation of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1944, the aul was renamed into the village of Kolkhoznoye, and after the restoration of the republic - into the working village of Argun, the name from the hydronym Argun (which, in turn, comes from the ethnonym Arg). Since 1967 - the city of Argun.



The city is located on the Chechen foothill plain, on both banks of the Argun river (the right tributary of the Sunzha River), 10 km southeast of Grozny.

It borders on Grozny district in the west and north, Gudermes district in the east and Shali district in the south.

The city is conditionally divided into a village and a settlement, the border of which is the central street - Akhmad-Khadzhi Kadyrov.

The climate is moderately continental. The average annual rainfall is about 450 mm. The least precipitation falls in January, on average about 22 mm, and most of all in June, on average about 71 mm. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average temperature of 24.5 ° C, while the coldest month is January, with an average temperature of -2.3 ° C.



The name "Argun" comes from the hydronym Argun. One of the names of the village in the Chechen language is Ustar-Gardoy, where ustar is the Turkic “master, gunsmith” and the Chechen gIorda is the name of one of the brands of the blade, that is, “masters forging the blades of the gIorda”. After the deportation of the Chechens and the liquidation of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1944, the aul was renamed the village of Kolkhoznoye, and after the restoration of the republic - the working settlement of Argun. Since 1967 - the city of Argun.



The exact time of the appearance of Argun is unknown. It has been established that in the 18th century, on the site of the modern city, there was a village of Ustargardoy, founded by a representative of the teip Sada Ustarga, from whom the village got its current name - Ustrado-GІala. The indigenous population of Argun is the Chechens, leading their history from the legendary people of the Vainakhs, who once inhabited Mesopotamia, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Syria and in ancient times were a very numerous people.

According to the memoirs of old-timers, in 1840 Argun had about 500 households. The inhabitants of the village kept their mills and forges, a lot of cattle and vast lands of sown areas. Representatives of different teips lived together in the village of Ustargorda - bilta, ustargorda, aitkhalla, gIordla, khoy and others. They were engaged in various crafts, and according to their crafts, some streets were given names that have survived to this day.

The village of Ustrada-evla was destroyed three times - first during the Caucasian War by the tsarist troops. And during the period of deportation, for a long 13 years it was called by an alien name - Kolkhoznoe. At the turn of the century, it survived 2 devastating wars. However, it survived and was rebuilt from the ashes and ruins. In the difficult years of trials, when the Great Patriotic War was going on, hundreds of fighters, defenders of the Fatherland, left Argun for the front, honorably fulfilling their civic duty. The pride of the Argun people is Kanti Abdurakhmanov (Hero of Russia, full cavalier of the Order of Glory), holders of many military medals and orders Mukhadi Mutaliev, Ramzan Kagermanov, Shirvani Khaladov, Alkhazur Abdulkadyrov, Shirvani Bisultanov and many others.

In 1967, the village of Ustrada-evla acquired the status of a city. At that time, the city of Argun was part of the Shali region. Being the second industrial city in the republic after Grozny, since 1990 it has been classified as a city of republican significance.

During the First and Second Chechen Wars, Argun was at the very epicenter of hostilities and was badly damaged. But in a short time the city healed its wounds, changed, becoming more beautiful than before. At present, Argun is a modern city, has a wide infrastructure, well-maintained streets, high-rise buildings, it has come a long and difficult path from a small village to an industrial suburb of Grozny.


New Year 2000 celebration in Argun

The whole world welcomed the new century and the new millennium with joy. How did these holidays turn out in Argun?

On January 9, heavy fire fell on the peacefully sleeping city. The militants descended from the mountains, and there were about one hundred and fifty of them, attacked Argun. The militants were well trained and divided into shock groups, consisting of a submachine gunner, a sniper and a grenade launcher. Taking advantage of surprise, they drove civilians out of their homes, taking up positions convenient for shelling. The militants broke through to the railway station, which was guarded by two detachments of the UVDT (Kuzbass and Far East). A fight ensued. He walked for a long time. Both sides suffered losses. The attackers, bearing damage, did not give up their positions. After the battle, it became clear that there were thirty killed among the militants. The riot policemen near Moscow also lost their comrades, twenty soldiers will never be able to return home after that terrible night.

The riot police were expecting support from Khankala, from where an armored train was supposed to come to their aid. But he didn't come. And the fight continued. He walked for over twelve hours. And in moments of calm, when the soldiers were reloading their weapons, the militants arranged a "concert", wanting to break the spirit of the riot police. They shouted threats through a megaphone, or offered free tickets all the way to Moscow, singing and dancing to the accompaniment of tambourines and gunshots.

Using diversionary maneuvers, the bandits set up several ambushes for riot police rushing to help their comrades. Many of them have been very successful. SOBR commander Klimov was killed in a shootout.

The results of the Argun battle speak volumes, and above all about the lack of coordination of actions, the very weapons of the police, which the militants had, turned out to be of the best quality.

The New Year holidays of 2000 in Argun will be remembered for a long time.


Legend of Prince Solsa

In ancient times, Prince Solsa lived near Argun in the gorge. He was strong and powerful and had power over all the people subject to him. Solsa also used his power to take all the brides of Argun first for himself. And let them go to their husbands only on the second day. People grumbled, but they were afraid of the wrath of a strong ruler. But one day the poorest poor man decided to go against Solsa. He came to the formidable prince and said that he would not give him his bride. Solsa laughed, he was so accustomed that everyone obeyed him unquestioningly that he did not even execute the troublemaker. “You are no better than others, remember that!” Solsa shouted and laughed. But the poor man was determined to defend the honor of his bride. He went to Solsa's son and exchanged his father's magnificent saber for a golden abas. This saber was forged by an ancient craftsman, its blade could wrap itself around the hand in the manner of a snake. That was the sword! And if you press on its handle, it immediately straightens like an arrow.

Having received such a weapon in his hands, the poor man again went to Prince Solsa and cut off his head. The prince's head rolled with such force that it rolled over the Argun. The legend claims that while Solsa's head was rolling, she managed to shout a command three times, which the formidable prince finally gave to his subordinates. What did he say? The severed head shouted: “From now on, the power of the princes will pass to their slaves, and the power of the slaves will be the lot of the princes!” That's how it all went. The waves carried away the head of the prince, and the poor man and his bride lived a long and happy life. Yes, but that's not all. Since that memorable day, when Solsa's head rolled off his shoulders, there were no more gentlemen-princes in that land.


Vainakhi/ Chechens

The indigenous people of Argun are the Chechens, who trace their history back to the Vainakhs, a legendary people who once inhabited the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor and Syria. Once the Vainakhs were a very numerous people, and according to the legends that have come down to us, it is believed that this people came from the south. The Vainakhs settled unoccupied lands by no one. Their first ruler was the Caucasus. From this name the name of the entire region came, as a consequence. Is it so? Scientists are working to resolve this issue, which is not easy to clarify, since the Vainakhs did not have their own written language and, therefore, there were no reliable sources left. Historians collect information about the Vainakhs, literally bit by bit. So they suggested that this ancient people at the turn of the second millennium BC settled in the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Syria and gradually dissolved among the local population. Only individual Vainakh tribes have retained their identity. Modern peoples came from them: Chechens, Akins, Ingush, Batsbi, Kists, Orstkhois. Chechens living in Argun call themselves Nokhchi. Probably, this name takes its roots from the primitive region of Nashkh, which was originally inhabited by this people.


The Pagan Beliefs of the Ancestors of Modern Argun – the Rite of Invoking Rain

The Vainakhs who once inhabited these places were pagans. Many of their rites have been forgotten, but many have remained unchanged for hundreds of years. So you can talk about the rite of invoking rain.

Rain was always needed in these rocky regions, with frequent droughts. And so a rite arose, the correct conduct of which guaranteed the appearance of long-awaited clouds in heaven. The simplest calls for rain can be considered rituals associated with killing snakes or ruining crows' nests. What was it for? The Vainakhs noticed from their observations that snakes love dampness and often crawl out of gorges and burrows precisely in rainy damp weather. So, in order to call for the long-awaited rain, it is worth killing a few snakes and hanging them on the branches. By destroying the crow's nest and driving the black bird out of it, one could also hope for the mercy of the gods.

Such rituals were performed in each family separately. But there were cases when the effort of all the inhabitants of the village was required. For example, when plowing a dry river bed. This was done in this way: the population of the aul was divided into two groups - men and women. The men harnessed the plow and dragged it along the riverbed, plowing it in two directions: in length and in width. Then water from jugs poured into the plowed bed. After these actions, it was the turn of women. Women also harnessed the plow and pulled it along the dry river bed. After that, they doused themselves with water, and sometimes they themselves fell into the newly plowed bed of a dry river, and if a man happened to gape, the women also pushed him into the water.

Since a lot depended on the rains, there are also enough rituals associated with it. For example, to call for rain, young people dressed one of their company in the form of a green grass sheaf. The mummers were dressed in a fur coat turned inside out, and a sheaf of green grass, branches of a tree with dense foliage, or just a bag, but also covered with grass, were placed on their heads. This green sheaf was carried all over the village, thereby calling for rain.

Later, when pagan beliefs were supplanted by Islam, another rite appeared, the fulfillment of which guaranteed rain. This ceremony was performed only by men. Moreover, the oldest and most respected resident of the village read prayers from the Koran on the river bank. The youth collected stones and brought them to the feet of literate people. Why literate? A literate man read the Koran and knew many prayers from it. So these literate inhabitants of the aul took turns taking the stones brought to them, whispered prayers over them and again piled them next to them. Young people collected these prayed stones and threw them into the water of the river. It was believed that the water would wash them and carry the words of the Koran to the sea. And clouds will come from the sea, and there will be long-awaited rain!


Spring Festival in Argun

For many centuries, the ancient holiday of Spring, which has pagan roots, has been celebrated. It has long been celebrated on the day of the vernal equinox (March 22). As in ancient times, so now the women of Argun are preparing for this holiday: they clean the house and the yard, whitewash the walls, polish copper utensils. Once upon a time, it was always taken out into the street - under the sun, so that the brightly luminous copper would rather attract Spring. On the day of the vernal equinox, the whole family got up before dawn to meet the first rays of the rising sun on the porch of their house and thus, as if to meet spring, in the hope that it would generously bestow a rich harvest, health and longevity.

Such a pagan rite as going out into the plow field is associated with the holiday of the meeting of spring. Spring is the start time for sowing. The first furrow is the key to a new crop. To draw this furrow, the strongest, most successful and most virtuous man was chosen from the village. It was believed that the gods, noticing all its positive qualities, would give a bountiful harvest. This ritual was performed on the fourth day of the Spring Festival. The ox, which will plow the first furrow, was dressed up, decorating the horns with scarlet ribbons and smearing them with oil. A ribbon was also tied to the tip of the tail. To meet such a plowman was definitely his wife, moreover, with full buckets of water. The Plow Release Party didn't end there. After the ceremony, a feast began, and on the second day - horse racing.

With the adoption of Islam, many pagan beliefs were banned, but in part they still survived, reaching our days.



The city is an administrative-territorial unit (a city of republican significance) and a municipal entity, endowed with the status of an urban district by the Law of the Chechen Republic No. 15-rz dated February 20, 2009 "On the formation of the municipality of the city of Argun, the establishment of its boundaries and giving it the status of an urban district" . The concepts of "urban district city of Argun" and "city of Argun" are equivalent.

From January 1, 2020, the territories of Komsomolsky (village of Komsomolskoye and village of Adjoining) and Chechen-Aulsky rural settlements (village of Chechen-Aul) were transferred from the Grozny district to the urban district of the city of Argun, the area of \u200b\u200bwhich after that is 130.21 km² .

The mayor of the city is Masaev Iles Akhmedovich.

The head of the city (Chairman of the Council of Deputies of Argun) since August 30, 2019 is Ayubov Ibragim Zilimkhanovich.


Мass media

Argun city newspaper "Argun".
Local governments
The structure of local self-government bodies of the city of Argun consists of:

The head of the city is the chairman of the Council of Deputies of the city of Argun;
The Council of Deputies of the city of Argun is a representative body of the city of Argun;
Mayor of the city of Argun - head of the mayor's office of the city of Argun;
The mayor's office of the city of Argun is the executive and administrative body of the city.
The mayor of the urban district is Masaev Iles Akhmedovich



Today Argun is a dynamically developing industrial center. One of the factors of the investment attractiveness of the city district is that the highway of the North Caucasus Railway "Russian Railways" station "Argun" passes through the territory of the district. The city of Argun was founded as the industrial center of the republic, on the territory of which industrial enterprises, the construction industry and the agro-industrial complex were deployed, such as:

State Unitary Enterprise Argun Plant "Pishchemash" of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Chechen Republic.
In January 2012, an assembly plant of Chechenavto OJSC (production of VAZ cars) was opened in the city on the basis of the Pischemash plant. Buggy "Chaborz M3" and "Chaborz M6" were created at the plant in 2017

State unitary enterprise "Argunsky combine of bakery products".
The State Unitary Enterprise "Argunsky Combine of Bakery Products" was built from 1984 to 1990 in the Chechen Republic to supply the population with white flour and provide livestock and poultry farming with animal feed. During the hostilities, the plant was partially destroyed. Under the federal target program, the elevator and mill production shops were partially restored.

State Unitary Enterprise "Argun Plant of Reinforced Concrete Products and Structures".
"Argun Plant of Reinforced Concrete Products" was founded in 1962. SUE "AZZhBI" specializes in the production of reinforced concrete products for hydraulic engineering and civil engineering.

State Unitary Enterprise "Argun Meat Processing Plant"
Argun Meat Processing Plant LLC is a regional brand of the meat processing industry of the Chechen Republic, which is organized on the territory of the Grozny Meat Processing Plant, established in 1964. It was a large enterprise with several branches in the Republic.