Basegi Reserve is a state natural reserve in the Perm Territory,
Russia. The city was founded on October 1, 1982 (Resolution of the
Council of Ministers of the RSFSR No. 531) with the aim of
preserving a large array of indigenous Middle Ural spruce and fir
forests located in the foothills of the Basega ridge. At the time of
organization, the area of the reserve was 19.3 thousand hectares;
its territory included three mountain peaks, forming the Basegi
ridge, and the adjacent forest.
In 1993, the reserve was expanded (order of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation No. 244-r dated February 15, 1993) due to its former buffer zone, which consisted partly of uncut primary forests, partly of relatively young felling areas. As a result of the expansion of the territory, the total area of the reserve is 37 935 hectares, the buffer zone along the boundaries of the reserve is 21 345 hectares (Decision No. 29 of the Perm Regional Executive Committee dated 02.02.1983; Order of the Administration of the Perm Region dated 18.11.93 No. 557-r).
The reserve is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation. The administration of the reserve is located in the city of Gremyachinsk, at the address: Gremyachinsk, st. Lenin, house 100.
The Basegi State Reserve is located on the territory of the Gremyachinsky urban district and the Gornozavodsky municipal district of the Perm Territory. The territory of the reserve includes the Basegi mountain range and adjacent foothills. The reserve is located at the watershed of the rivers Usva and Vilva - tributaries of the Chusovaya River. The territory is located within the western macroslope of the Main Ural Range.
The average annual precipitation is 730 mm, ranging from 450 mm to 1100 mm. The average annual air temperature is from -1.0 to -1.4 ° C. The maximum temperatures in summer can reach + 40.0 ° C, the minimum in winter is up to -48 ° C. The climate of this area is characterized by cold winters and cool summers with sharp daily temperature fluctuations.
Flora and fauna
The fauna of the reserve numbers more than 520 animal species, including over 45 rare ones. The reserve is home to 51 species of mammals, more than 150 species of birds, 2 species of reptiles, 17 species of fish and 3 species of amphibians. The flora is typical for the taiga zone, however, 17 plant species that are not found anywhere else in the world live in Basegi, 14 relics of the preglacial and postglacial periods, 5 relics of the Ice Age, 3 plant species are listed in the Red Book of Russia (calypso bulbous, Shiverekiya Podolskaya, lobaria pulmonary ), 24 species - in the Red Book of the Middle Urals.