Bratsk, Russia

Bratsk is a city in the Irkutsk region of Russia. It is the administrative center of the Bratsk region (which is not part of). Bratsk forms the municipal formation of the city of Bratsk with the status of an urban district as the only settlement in its composition.

Bratsk  is located on the banks of the Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk reservoirs, formed on the Angara River. It is an agglomeration of dispersed residential areas, separated by significant forests and water spaces. Residential areas, varying in size and degree of improvement, are former settlements that have arisen near industrial enterprises under construction. The total area of ​​the city's territory within its urban boundaries is 262.94 km², the area of ​​the municipality, including inter-settlement territories and parts of the water areas of the Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk reservoirs, 428 km².


Bratsk is located in the northwest of the Irkutsk region in the central part of the Angarsk ridge. The city arose in 1955, in connection with the construction of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station, north of the ancient village of Bratsk (Bratsk, Bratskoye), founded as a prison in 1631.

Bratsk is one of the largest industrial centers of the Angara region.

Despite the fact that the city is located in harsh climatic conditions, outside the zone of intensive development of Eastern Siberia, its economic and geographical position is relatively favorable and is characterized by a developed infrastructure (transit railway (BAM), highways of federal and regional significance, power transmission lines, an airport with the status international), high resource and economic potential (the largest industrial city in the region, the electric power resources of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station, huge water resources, shipping and timber rafting routes, etc.). Bratsk serves as an important base for the development of the northern regions of Eastern Siberia and the Far East.

The city is the second in terms of population in the Irkutsk region.

It is a member of the Association of Siberian and Far Eastern Cities, the Association of Municipalities of the Northern Territories of the Irkutsk Region, the Union of the Cities of the Arctic and the Far North.


Getting here

By plane
Bratsk Airport (IATA:BTK) serves the following airlines: AeroBratsk, Atlant-Soyuz, VIM-Avia, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines, Yakutia. Regular communication is carried out with the cities of Moscow, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Krasnodar, Lensk.

By train
Bratsk is one of the largest cities on the Baikal-Amur Mainline. The following trains pass through Bratsk:

(076) Moscow (Kazansk) - Tynda

(092) Moscow (Yarosl.) - Severobaikalsk

Trains also run from the regional center - Irkutsk, and in the summer from the resorts of the Krasnodar Territory, such as Adler-Severobaikalsk and Kislovodsk-Tynda.

There is no central station in Bratsk, there are several stations in different areas to choose from. Closest to city center st. Anzeby, however, the bus service there is poor, so you often have to use a taxi. It's easier to go to st. Vikhorevka and take the train Vikhorevka-Novobratsk - it enters the city center. There is also an option to drive to the station. Padunskiye Porogi and from there to the center of Bratsk can be reached by bus or fixed-route taxi. If you need to get to the areas of Padun and Energetik, you need to go to the station. Padunsky Thresholds, if in the areas of Osinovka and Gidrostroitel - then to the station. Hydrobuilder.

By bus
Buses from Irkutsk run regularly (about 2-3 times a day). On the way about 10 hours.

On the ship
During the summer navigation period (from June to September), voyages are made twice a week on the high-speed ship "Meteor" from Irkutsk.



Cinema "Charlie" (Central District)
Cinema "Hollywood" (Poselok Energetik)
Cinema "Romantic" (Padunsky district)

Drama Theater of Bratsk
Fraternal puppet theater "Tirlyama"
Chamber theater "9 idea"
Children's musical theater "Troubadour"

The Bratsk City Joint Museum of the History of the Development of the Angara, consisting of branches: the Museum of the History of Bratskgesstroy and the city of Bratsk; Architectural and ethnographic open-air museum "Angarskaya village"; Fraternal Art Exhibition Hall; Museum of the History of Political Exile (popularly referred to as the Ryabikov House-Museum)
Military Historical Museum of School No. 1
Museum of History and Technology BLPC
Fraternal Museum of Light

Institutions of cultural and leisure type
Entertainment and leisure center "Formula"
Theater and Concert Center "Bratsk-Art"
Palace of Arts "Energetik"
Cultural and leisure center "Sovremennik".
DC "Transport Builder"
Palace of Creativity for Children and Youth (DTDM)
Palace of Children's and Youth Creativity (DSUT)



Shopping center "Baikal", st. Yangelya, 120. ☎ +7 (3953) 25–88–32. One of the largest shopping centers in Bratsk. Clothes provided; food and household products. There is a hairdresser and a cafe.
Shopping center "Arena", st. Krupskaya, 56. ☎ +7 (3953) 42-10-84. 10:00–20:00. Large shopping center. Mostly clothes provided. There is a coffee shop.
Central Market, Komsomolskaya st. 62. 10:00 - 17:00. Large market, provided food and household products from individuals.
Shopping center "Coliseum", st. Krupskaya, 14. Mon-Fri: 8–22, Sat-Sun: 9–21. Big mall.

Shopping center "Inva", st. Gindin, 4. ☎ +7 (3953) 33‒13‒41. 10:00 - 20:00. The main shopping center Energy. There is a coffee shop and a hairdresser.
Shopping center "Pursey", st. Gindina, 4. ☎ +7 (3953) 37-87-40 10:00 – 21:00. Large shopping center Energy. On the territory there is a coffee shop, cafe.



Dodo pizza  , st. Krupskaya, 32A. ☎ +7 (800) 302-00-60. 09:00-23:00. Stylish room.
KFC  , st. Mira, 35. ☎ +7 (3953) 49-02-40. 08:00-23:00. Good pizza, nice place, nice staff.

Dodo pizza  , st. Naimushina, 34. ☎ +7 (800) 302-00-60. 09:00-23:00. Good pizza, nice place, nice staff.



Hotel "Bratsk", st. Deputy, 32 (center). ☎ +7 (3953) 46-05-05, fax: +7 (3953) 301-233. from 2500 ₽ / 1 night.

Average cost
Hotel "Taiga", st. Mira, 35 (center). ☎ +7 (3953) 41-39-79. around the clock. from 3000 ₽ / 1 night.
Hotel "Tourist", st. Naimushina, 28 (Energetik). ☎ +7 (3953) 37-87-43, fax: +7 (3953) 301-233. from 3900 ₽ / 1 night.

12  Country club "White Beach"  , st. Kurchatov, 65 (center). ☎ +7 3953 282-600. from 6000 ₽ / 1 night.



Most of the major mobile operators operate in Bratsk: MTS, Megafon, Beeline, Tele2.



Foundation of the Bratsk prison
The first winter hut "under the Bratsky rapids" was set up in 1626 by a detachment of Cossacks under the leadership of the clerk of the Yenisei prison Maxim Perfilyev.

The construction of the prison, planned for 1630, was carried out in 1631. The initial place for the construction of the prison was determined near the mouth of the Oka River, but since this place was located almost in the center of the Buryat camps, it was chosen closer to the Padun threshold.
... but as soon as the fraternal people give a prison to be set up on the Tunguzka River on the left side, and that prison will be under the very fraternal uluses, just half the way in light plows to the Oka mouth.

On June 18, Perfilyev reported to the Yenisei governor on the completion of the construction of the Bratsk prison:
... in two stretches at the Bratsky rapids of Padun in the Kodogonov uluses, halfway from the mouth of the Oka.

In 1648, the prison was moved, but not to the mouth of the Oka River, but, on the contrary, to the right bank of the Angara River, where several villages were located close to the foot of the Bratskaya and Monastyrskaya peaks. In 1654, Dmitry Firsov moved the prison to the mouth of the Oka River, perhaps first to its southern side, and then to the left bank, 2 km above its confluence with the Angara River.

If the time of the appearance of the Fraternal prison is unclear, it will be more cautious to attribute its construction to the period between 1631 and 1654, since later there is no mention of new construction or the transfer of the prison to another place.

The brotherly prison was the threshold to the conquest of Transbaikalia. The first in time among those built on the Buryat lands, it was of great importance for the Russians: firstly, as a guard post covering the way from the Yenisei to the Lena; secondly, as a stronghold for collecting yasak from the Buryats; thirdly, as a convenient point for equipment for expeditions beyond Baikal and as an advanced reconnaissance point about the lands beyond Baikal and about the peoples inhabiting them.

The emergence and slight development of the village of Padun was due to the need to create a pilotage service to guide ships through the Padun rapids. The granary of the villagers was the islands near Padun (about fifteen). The islands on the Angara bore both non-Russian names - Inkei, Sinikei, Kokidal, Turukan, Chuburun, Kokoi, Kautoi, and Russian names - Russian, Podkamenny, Upper, Bear, Round and others. The islands served as hunting, berry, and mushroom lands, on the island arable land and meadows they sowed bread, harvested hay, hundreds of heads of cattle, sheep, and horses were transported annually to the island pastures.

Taiga province
Throughout the 17th century, the Bratsk prison was attached to the Yenisei prison. With the loss of military significance, the prison turns into the village of Bratsko-Ostrozhnoye, in a number of sources - Bratskoye, later - Bratsk.

On December 28, 1917, Soviet power was established in the Bratsk Volost. In February 1918, the First Volost Congress of Soviets was held, which elected the volost executive committee headed by Fyodor Vdovin. In the summer of 1919, a partisan struggle began in the Bratsk volost, which ended with the capture of Bratsk on December 3, 1919. Since 1926, the village of Bratskoye (Bratsky Ostrog) has been the center of the Bratsk District of the Tulun Okrug.


The birth and development of the city

The city arose in connection with the construction of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station, north of the village of Bratsk, flooded by the waters of the Bratsk reservoir.

In 1946, the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR adopted a resolution "On the organization of the management of the Angarsk construction" (Angarstroy). On September 23, 1954, a resolution was adopted on the construction of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station. On July 15, 1955, the construction of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station and the city of Bratsk was declared an all-Union construction project. On March 30, 1957, the first blocking of the Angara was completed (the river was blocked for more than 9 hours). On July 26, 1961, the filling of the Bratsk reservoir began; September 1, 1961 is considered the date of birth of the Bratsk Sea.

Only in the Bratsk district, 119 settlements were intended for transfer, including the working settlement of Zayarsk (6.4 thousand inhabitants, 1959). On August 29, 1961, the evacuation of the inhabitants of old Bratsk was completed. In 1959, there was the city of Bratsk (51.5 thousand inhabitants, 1959) and the working settlement of Bratsk (15.8 thousand inhabitants, 1959).

In connection with the construction of the Bratsk reservoir, the village of Bratsk was moved to a new location and in 1951 it was transformed into a working settlement. On December 12, 1955, it was merged with a number of other settlements into the city of Bratsk.

Green town[15]. It was named according to the color of 159 tents, and the town (not a village, not a village) - with the hope that a city would be here. The first tents were set up on the left bank of the river. Hangars at the Padunsky threshold in 1954 for short-term residence, but they stood for two years. Later, the Green Town was overgrown with panel and timber two-story eight- and sixteen-apartment houses and temporary shacks. They had their own eight-year school, a clinic, a bathhouse, and a canteen. Up to six and a half thousand people lived in the town. The Green Town ceased to exist in March-April 1961, and in September of the same year it was flooded by a reservoir.

Modern residential areas were originally called settlements.

Padun village. In the spring of 1956, they began to build wooden cottages in it, then they began to build two-story timber houses with eight and sixteen apartments. At first, Padun was called the village of the Left Bank, then Pursey, later it was called Constant, because it was originally built on a permanent area not flooded by the future reservoir, next to the Green Town and the village of Padun, which were being demolished. Finally, it was decided to preserve the indigenous name of the village of Padun for history, assigning it to the village. From 1957 to 1967 the village of Padun is the center of the city of Bratsk: after moving from the old Bratsk, the city executive committee and the city committee of the CPSU were located in it. From the very beginning of development, Padun has been the center of Bratskgesstroy. In the village, in numerous buildings, the divisions of Bratskgesstroy, its administration, a computer center, and Hydroproject were located. The western part of Padun is occupied by an array of individual residential buildings that arose in the fifties (Individualny village).

Village Energetik. This part of the city began to be built in 1959. Initially, it was called the New City, but it became Energetik when post office No. 9 was opened. The Energetik village is closest to all other villages to the Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station, it was built for workers of a hydroelectric power station and construction industry plants. In the planning structure of the entire Big Bratsk, Energetik took the place of a satellite city of its Central residential area.

Brotherly Sea. The settlement was founded in 1961 to serve the Bratskoye More railway siding. During the construction of the residential area South Padun, the Bratsk Sea actually became part of it. At present, only the stopping point of electric trains of the same name on the site of the former station and the bus stop on the Vilyuy highway remind of the Bratskoye More settlement that once existed.

Hydrobuilder. Initially, the village was called the Right Bank. Its construction began in 1955. It grew unusually fast: the main but temporary production base for the construction of the dam of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station was created here. In honor of the builders, the village was named Hydrostroitel. From the very beginning it was built up with wooden barrack and apartment type houses. As in Padun, a vast array of individual buildings has appeared here.

Osinovka arose from a peasant settlement, adjacent aspen copses, islands of fields in the taiga and hayfields in the floodplain of the Angara River. These places were then occupied by the village of Hydrostroitel. In the late 1950s, during the preparation of the reservoir, it became necessary to accommodate the inhabitants of the village of Zayarsk and the management of Angarstroy, including the facilities of the railway station, and a logging site, in a new place. In 1956, the Osinovka railway station appeared, and in 1961, when the railway station was built, the station was named Hydrostroitel. From the transported residential buildings in Osinovka, the Zayarsky residential area arose, isolated by the railway line.

Sukhoi settlement was founded in 1959. during the preparation of the Bratsk reservoir, when from the village of Pravoberezhny to a new place, on the shore of the gulf of the river. Zyaby, transferred the Plekhanov timber transshipment base. For many years, a geological exploration expedition was located in Sukhoi. In December 1960, the settlements of Osinovka and Sukhoi were merged into the Osinovsky settlement council of workers' deputies.

Central District. Initially, it was built for workers of the timber industry complex (the Tsentralny district was called the TIC area), workers of an aluminum plant and residents of flooded settlements. Later it became the administrative center of the city.

The construction of the city began on the so-called Pyanovskaya site in 1958. In 1960, intensive construction began. In the mornings, the builders of Bratskgesstroy drove here from Padun, and from old Bratsk and Zayarsk - future settlers who decided to build their own houses. In 1963, the first streets were formalized and given the names: Mira, Podbelsky, Komsomolskaya, Yuzhnaya, Kirov.

Chekanovsky, Porozhsky, Stroitel arose to quickly overcome the backlog of housing construction in the Central District. These wooden settlements were built as temporary in the zone of harmful impact of enterprises. This arrangement deprived the settlements of prospective development and gave rise to the problem of their liquidation and resettlement of residents that stretched for decades.

On December 27, 1973, the Padunsky urban district was formed, it included the settlements of Padun, Energetik, Gidrostroitel and the Bratskoe More.

On October 20, 1980, the Central City District was formed, previously it was listed as "a part of the city without districts."

In 1999, the city included the working settlements of Osinovka, Porozhsky, Chekanovsky, Bikey, Stenikha, Sukhoi.

In March 2014, the territory of Novaya Stenikha was included in the boundaries of the city of Bratsk by the law of the Irkutsk Region.


Physical and geographical characteristics


Distance to the regional center — the city of Irkutsk:
983 km by rail (Bratsk - Taishet - Irkutsk)
618 km by road (Bratsk - Tulun - Irkutsk)
460 km in a straight line

Distance to Krasnoyarsk:
690 km by road
544 km in a straight line

The geographical location of Bratsk determined its status as the northern gate of the Far East. The city is located in the center of the East Siberian region of Russia in the central part of the Angarsk Ridge on the banks of the Bratsk reservoir at the intersection of the most important communications (railway (BAM), water, automobile, aviation, information) connecting the European and Asian continents with the north of Eastern Siberia and Yakutia, which is the basis for its economic, social and cultural development. The city has an international airport. Bratsk is connected by railway lines (BAM) with the cities of the central part of Russia, Siberia, Yakutia, Transbaikalia, and the Far East. The main roads are: Tulun - Bratsk - Ust-Kut (as part of the federal highway A 331 "Vilyuy" with a planned extension to Yakutsk), Taishet - Chunsky - Bratsk, Bratsk - Ust-Ilimsk. The length of the city along the coast of the reservoir is 65 km.



The climate is sharply continental with long severe winters (up to -35-50 °С) and short hot summers (up to +25-30 °С). The heating season lasts 246 days. Bratsk belongs to the territories equated to the regions of the Far North. Approximately 370 mm of precipitation falls annually.



The city is located within the first third of the Angarsk Range, which stretches from the city of Nizhneudinsk to the Nizhnyaya Tunguska River and is a strip of hills formed by a system of trap massifs on the base of a common uplift. The trap massifs formed as a result of magma cooling are locally called ridges. Within the boundaries of the city, as a boundary between its southern and northern parts, there is the Porogi ridge. From the very south, the city is framed, being beyond its line, by the Long Ridge. From the south, a trap hill with Osinovaya and Rudnik peaks adjoins the right-bank part of the city. Depressions composed of sedimentary rocks between ridges and hills occupy logs and valleys of rivers and streams.

The highest peaks are located on the Porogi ridge - 618.3 m and near the railway stop Morgudon - 618.5 m. The lowest marks are near the coastline of water bodies. At the eastern border, the level of the headwater of the Bratsk reservoir is 402 m of the tailpipe of the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir - 296.0 m. At the western border of the city, the water line of the Vikhoreva River varies from 343.7 m in the south to 325.6 m in the north.



The largest water bodies in the city belong to the basin of the Yenisei River (Kara Sea) - the Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk reservoirs, formed on the Angara River, and the Vikhorev River.

The Bratsk Reservoir is represented within the city by a three-hundred-meter strip along its coastline, Sukhoi Log Bay and bays bounded by a conditional straight line passing from Cape Khrebtovy near the Porogi ridge and southwest to Cape Komsomolsk. The section of the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir occupies the water area from the dam of the Bratsk hydroelectric power station to the northern coastline of Zui Island. On the right, the Set stream flows into the Bratskoye reservoir, and the Glubokoy, Novy Podvyezd, and Luzhki streams flow into the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir.

During the formation of the reservoir, dry logs and logs with temporary watercourses were flooded, bays formed in their place, some of them retained the old names of the logs (Dunaevka, Sukhoi Log, Dondir, Zyaba bays), others were renamed (Kurchatova, Pionersky, in place of the Turok log the name of the cape arose Pursey Bay).

The Vikhoreva River has an average speed of 0.5 m/s, a depth of up to 3 m, a width of up to 30 m. The Bulak 3rd, Galachinsky, Pustosh, Senkin streams flow into the Vikhorev River on the right, the small Mostovaya River, and the Chumakhai stream flows on the left.

Small oxbow lakes and swamps (wetlands) are found only in the floodplain of the Vikhorev River.



In the vegetation of the city, forests of natural origin and urban plantings stand out. The dominant species in forests of natural origin is Scots pine - 57% of the total composition of the forest stand, drooping birch and downy birch account for 17%, Siberian larch - 6%, aspen - 16%, in much smaller quantities there are ordinary spruce, Siberian spruce, willow silver, shrubby alder, common mountain ash and Siberian mountain ash.

Intra-urban vegetation is artificially created communities that are not self-regulating systems, they need constant care, which in most cases they do not receive. The predominant species in the composition of urban plantings is balsam poplar, fragrant poplar - 67%. In much smaller quantities are drooping birch and downy birch - 11%, caragana tree - 6%, squat elm - 4%, Siberian mountain ash - 4%, Siberian larch - 3%, berry apple tree - 3% of the total. The remaining representatives of trees and shrubs make up 2% or less of the total.



According to the 2020 All-Russian Population Census, as of October 1, 2021, in terms of population, the city was in 90th place out of 1,118 cities in the Russian Federation.

Bratsk is a relatively young city, the average age of city residents is 36 years old, children under the age of 17 make up about 20%.

Bratsk is a multinational city with representatives of 80 ethnic groups living in it. According to the All-Russian Population Census of 2010, the following lived in Bratsk: Russians - 224,975 people, Ukrainians - 4,654 people, Belarusians - 1,572 people, Tatars - 1,376 people, Kyrgyz - 760 people, Armenians - 744 people ., Tajiks - 610 people, Azerbaijanis - 606 people, Chuvashs - 465 people, Mordvins - 386 people, Germans - 376 people, Buryats - 291 people, Bashkirs - 189 people, Mari - 161 people, Gypsies - 156 people, Poles - 146 people, Lithuanians - 98 people.


Administrative division

The city was formed from separate settlements and now consists of several residential areas, distant from each other at considerable distances. According to the general plan of 1958-61, industrial and residential zones, as well as a recreation area, were allocated, the House of Soviets, cinemas and other buildings were built. Residential microdistricts with panel and brick buildings of 2-14 floors, with schools, children's institutions are grouped around the surviving sections of the taiga.

According to the Law "On the administrative-territorial structure of the Irkutsk region", the city is divided into the following administrative-territorial formations: Central, Padunsky and Pravoberezhny districts, created taking into account historical, geographical, urban planning features, population, socio-economic characteristics, location of transport communications, availability of engineering infrastructure.

For the administrative management of the respective regions, committees for the management of territorial regions have been formed. Districts include micro-districts (residential areas), including former settlements that are included in the city limits of Bratsk.



There are 18 banks, 10 insurance companies, the Siberian Research Institute of the Forest and Pulp and Paper Industry (until 1992 - the Siberian Research Institute of Pulp and Cardboard (SibNIITsK)) has actually ceased to exist, since April 2014 . was sold and became part of Ilim Group OJSC, Bratsk State University (formerly Bratsk Industrial Institute, Bratsk State Technical University), a number of branches of other higher educational institutions, 47 secondary, 11 secondary specialized educational institutions, 56 preschool educational institutions , 21 healthcare institutions, a number of cultural, sports and recreation institutions, there is a well-developed network of trade and consumer services enterprises.

Branches of OAO Irkutskenergo:
Bratskaya HPP;
Irkutsk CHPP-6;
TITS site (Irkutsk CHPP-7);
Fraternal heating networks.
Bratsk Aluminum Smelter (BrAZ) (JSC Rusal-Bratsk, owned by Rusal).
Ferroalloy plant (JSC Bratsk Ferroalloy Plant, owned by Mechel).
Bratsk timber industry complex (BLPC) consisting of:
Branch of JSC "Ilim Group" in Bratsk (50% of the shares of a branch of JSC "Ilim Group") and (50% of the shares of International Paper USA);
Chlorine plant (part of JSC Ilim Group in Bratsk).
Plywood production plant (branch of Ilim Timber LLC in Bratsk);
Sawmill and wood processing plant (LDZ);
OOO Transneft-Vostok, a subsidiary of OAO AK Transneft;
JSC "Svyaztransneft" Pribaikalskoye PTUS - providing communication facilities of the main oil pipeline.
LLC "Combine Bratskzhelezobeton" (LLC "KBZHB");
Construction company "Instroy" LLC;
Heating equipment "Industrial Metallurgy" (former plant "Sibteplomash");
Northern Electric Networks (branch of OAO Irkutsk Electric Grid Company);
CJSC Bratsk Electric Grid Company;
LLC "Bratskoe montage department "Gidroelektromontazh"";
JSC "Padun-Khleb";
LLC Khlebozavod Niva;
Plant of low-alcohol and non-alcoholic drinks CJSC "Helios";
Farm "Helios" (production of sour-milk, sausages);
CJSC Bratsk Poultry Farm;
LLC "Agrofirma" Pursey "";
MP "Vodokanal";
Factory of non-alcoholic beverages OOO "Master Tea";
Bratsk woodworking plant;
JSC Bratsk plant of metal structures;
Bratsk plant of mobile structures;
LLC "Bratsk Profile" - production of profiled metal sheets;
Plant of mobile buildings "Sava service";
LLC "Siberian Resources" - production of wall and roof sandwich panels;
Confectionery factory "Oreshnitsa";
Siberian plant of wood boards;
Frontier NGO (production of security systems);
Siberian Sweets LLC (production of confectionery);
PTK "Polymer" (production of plastic containers, tanks, bowls of pools, ponds);
Compar LLC (production of high-strength composite reinforcement);
LLC "Buran" (manufacture of products from tin)
Snowjeep (PTK "Golitsyn") - the production of ekranolet, snowmobiles, aerobots
PTK "Empire" plant of translucent structures, furniture production.

Bratsk Airport is located on the territory of the Bratsk district. By road - 35 minutes from the Central and Pravoberezhny districts, 10 minutes from the Padunsky district
The river port of Bratsk (during the summer navigation season it is serviced by motor ships "Meteor")
There are regular bus services between residential areas.

Trolleybus lines operate in the Central District of the city.



Higher educational institutions are open in the city:
Fraternal State University
branch of Baikal State University
branch of the Moscow Academy of Economics and Law.

Secondary specialized educational institutions:
Regional State Budgetary Vocational Educational Institution "Bratsk Medical College" (OGBPOU BMK)
Bratsk Pulp and Paper College FGOU VO BrGU
Bratsk Industrial and Metallurgical College
Bratsk Industrial and Humanitarian College
Bratsk professional technical school
Bratsk Pedagogical College of Bratsk State University
Bratsk Trade and Economic College - a branch of the State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "BSUEP" in the city of Bratsk
Fraternal Musical College
Bratsk Polytechnic College (BrPK)



Bratsk is one of the largest sports centers in the Siberian Federal District and successfully implements the federal concept for the development of physical culture and sports. There are 275 sports facilities in the city, including 81 gyms, 5 swimming pools and 4 stadiums. Today, 17.5% of the urban population, or 44.5 thousand people, regularly go in for physical culture and sports, including 1,500 at the place of residence. More than 4.5 thousand schoolchildren - almost 19% of the child population of the city - are regularly engaged in various sports sections. There is a karting track. In winter - ski slopes on the mountains "Orekhov Kamen" and "Pikhtovaya".

There are federations in 40 sports in the city there are winners of world and European competitions, participants and prize-winners of the Olympic Games. More than 33 brothers are members of the national teams of Russia in various sports. About 470 sports competitions are held annually in Bratsk, in which more than 37 thousand people take part.

Since its opening in 1971, 12 masters of sports of international class, about 100 masters of sports of the USSR and Russia have been trained on the fraternal luge track. Among the most significant achievements of the brothers, Olympic awards are the gold medal of Alexander Zubkov at the XXII Winter Olympic Games in Sochi-2014, the silver medals of Albert Demchenko at the XX Winter Olympic Games in Turin-2006 and the XXII Winter Olympic Games in Sochi-2014, the bronze medal of Valery Dudin at XIV winter Olympic games in Sarajevo-1984.

Ten pupils of the fraternal luge school became winners and prize-winners at the world and European championships, 36 became champions of the USSR and Russia. and Alexei Voevoda. The first place of brother Sergey Starchenko at the World Championship among amateur skiers, which was held in March 2008 in the USA.

In Bratsk, cycling in general and cycling in particular are actively developing. With the support of the city administration, the construction of the Pikhtovy bike park for downhill, freeride and cross-country is underway, and the Sosnovy Bor cycle track is being built by enthusiasts. The Northern Baikal cycling marathon, unique in Russia in terms of complexity and ideology, starts from the city, passing along the route Bratsk-Severobaikalsk. According to the rules of the marathon, athletes must cover a distance of 700 km in 72 hours without any help from outside, with the exception of information about the direction of movement and food in a cafe. The marathon route passes through sparsely populated areas, difficult hilly terrain and 70% consists of gravel and dirt roads of federal significance. Every year the marathon gathers participants from all over Russia and Siberia. Bratsk cyclist Sergei Gurkovsky as part of the LDPR team won first place in the international multi-day cycling marathon Trans-Baikal 2011.

Bratchanka Nona Valerievna Savina is a grandmaster, champion of Russia in international drafts among women in 2001 in a blitz game.


Ecological situation

One of the significant problems of the city is the unfavorable state of the environment. Included in the 15 most polluted cities in Russia according to environmentalists.

High levels of air pollution, the main sources of which are:
Bratsk aluminum plant;
Bratsk Ferroalloy Plant;
Bratsk timber industry complex (JSC Ilim Group);
CHPP of OAO Irkutskenergo;
Forest fires occurring every spring and summer. Last from two weeks to 4 months.

According to the State Institution "Irkutsk Center for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring with Regional Functions" of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation, an excess of the maximum permissible concentration was recorded in the city of Bratsk:
hydrogen sulfide - 1.3 times;
formaldehyde - 3.7 times;
hydrogen fluoride - 1.2 times;

The chlorine plant is a potential hazard.

The main air pollutants are enterprises of non-ferrous metallurgy, timber processing, energy, and motor vehicles. One of the most important reasons for the unfavorable ecological situation of the central district of the city is the wind rose, which is dominated by western, southern and south-western winds: it is in these directions from the city that the production facilities are located.