Cherepovets is a city in the Vologda Oblast of
Russia, the administrative center of the Cherepovetsky district,
which is not part of, having the status of a city of regional
significance and forming a city district. It is located at the
confluence of the Yagorba River into the Sheksna River (left
tributary of the Volga), not far from the Rybinsk reservoir, 126 km
west of Vologda. Population - 318 856 people. (2017). The area is
126 km2. Cherepovets is the largest by territory and population of
the city of the Vologda region.
Travel Destinations in Cherepovets
Cherepovets is located in the southwest of Vologda on the Sheksna
River at the place of its inflow into the Rybinsk Reservoir. On the
territory of the city is centered around the mouth of the river
Yagorba, which flows into Sheksna.
Administratively, the city
is divided into four districts: Industrial (in local vernacular -
just "City"). The oldest in the city, in the west adjoins the
factory territory (enterprises of OAO Severstal). Zayagorbsky
(Zarechensky, "District"). It is located east of the Industrial
District, and south-east of the North, beyond the river Yagorba. It
is connected by bridges with the Industrial and Northern regions.
Zasheksninsky (in the people also - "104th" or "Prostokvashino"). As
the name suggests, it is located beyond the Sheksna River, in the
south of the Industrial and Zayagorbsky districts. You can get there
only from the Industrial District, along the Oktyabrsky Bridge.
Northern (district FMK, in the people - "Fanera" aka Plywood). The
area of the Plywood Furniture Plant, located north of the
Industrial District. Areas are separated by rail.
There are not many attractions in Cherepovets, itself. The main
street is Sovetskij Prospect and it is a nice walk along it. At the
end of Sovetskij is the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ,
which was recently restored and a nice park around it on Cathedral
Hills with a small museum to one of the city's first mayors -
Milyutin. In addition, the Church of the Nativity, which sits
farther down the embankment has also been recently restored. On
Sovetskij there is a small museum with some local artifacts, and
nearby another museum to the local aristocrat and painter of the
19th century Vasilij Vereshchagin, known for his landscapes and
Eastern themes. Another main site is the main bridge connecting
Zasheksninskij region with the rest of the city. There are also many
monuments and parks throughout the city. Cherepovets is accessible
to many fascinating sites in the Vologda Region, including Vologda,
Kirillo-Belezersky Monastery, Belozersk, and Ustyuzhna.
History of Cherepovets
The foundation of Cherepovets is traditionally ascribed to two
orthodox monks Feodosy and Afanasy. In 1362, they founded the
Cherepovets Resurrection Monastery, in the vicinity of which a small
village of Fedosyevo was founded. Historians consider the former
village of Fedosyevo to be in the center of modern Cherepovets.
Several centuries were needed to develop the small village into a
prominent trade, manufacturing, and transportation regional center.
Cherepovets was granted city status in 1777 by Catherine the Great
and became the center of a separate uyezd in the administrative
structure of the Novgorod Governorate.
Mariinsk canal system in 1810 made a significant impact on the
development of the city. The Mariinsk Canal System connected
Cherepovets with Volga River to the south and the Baltic Sea to the
west. At that time, the city was still in the very early stage of
development with the population of 3000 residents by 1863. For a
long time, the city brickworks with seven workers was the sole
industrial enterprise in Cherepovets.
The development of city
became more dynamic after Emancipation Reform happened in 1861 and
appearance of the shipbuilding industry. The city soon became a
prominent shipbuilding and logistics center tying major regional
rail- and waterways. The population had grown to 10,000 by 1915.
After the revolution, in March 1918, eastern uyezds of the
Novgorod Governorate were renamed to separate Cherepovets
Governorate centered around Cherepovets. The new governorate existed
for less than 10 years. In 1927, it was merged with Leningrad,
Novgorod, Pskov, and Murmansk Governorates into a single Leningrad
Oblast. In September 1937, most of the former Cherepovets
Governorate territories (with the exception of Tikhvin district)
were transferred to the newly established Vologda Oblast.
subsequent development of the city is closely tied to the completion
of construction of the Cherepovets metallurgy plant (now known as
Severstal) in 1955, the second-biggest in the country. Unlike the
majority of the most important metallurgy centers in the former
Soviet Union, the location of the future steel plant was selected
far away from the actual mineral resources and deposits. The reason
for that was the logistic advantage of having well-developed
infrastructure that allowed connection of the north and northwest of
the country by rail, road, and waterways into a single operation
system. It connected such remote mining centers as Vorkuta and
Olenegorsk, Murmansk Oblast.
The rapid growth of industry
center drastically changed the city, and by the early 1960s, its
population exceeded 100,000 residents (three times bigger than the
pre-World War II population). By 1970, Cherepovets had become the
most populated city in Vologda Oblast.
Get in The easiest and most inexpensive way to get to
Cherepovets is by train from either St. Petersburg or Moscow. From
St. Petersburg, the best option is the Vologda "Belye Nochi (White
Nights)" Train 688я, which leaves at 22:40 and arrives at 6:18 the
next day. There are also trains going to other locations, such as
Arkhangelsk, Sverdlovsk, and Almaty which go through Cherepovets.
From Moscow, there is only really one option, unless travelling to
Vologda first, which can be quite difficult. That option is the
Moscow - Cherepovets train, which leaves at 21:05 daily, and arrives
at 08:35 the next day. Both trains are "firmenny" or of better
quality. Like on most trains, there are "Platskart" (open sleeper
car), "Kupe" (closed compartment car), and a couple of forms of
"Lyuks" (Deluxe cars). Full train schedules can be seen
here (in Russian). By air, the only
company serving Cherepovets is
(in Russian). They have flights from Moscow (Vnukovo) daily, some
flights from Domodedovo airport in Moscow, and occasionally flights
to/from St. Petersburg, Penza and Sochi, Petrozavodsk, and Helsinki.
With enough plannign and if you know how to work with Russian travel
agents, then you can find reasonbly priced flights.
around Taxis are by far the most convenient way to travel around
Cherepovets. Depending on how far you want to go, prices range from
60 - 90 RUR per trip. From the train station the prices are a bit
higher. What is nice is that the prices are set and are determined
by what regions you are traveling to. There are also many bus lines
that run very frequently throughout the day, but to really orient
your way on these buses, or throughout Cherepovets, some Russian is
required. Buses run about every hour from 5:00-20:00 to Vologda and
back, and many of these buses are very high-quality. Buses also run
frequently to Kirillov, Belozersk, Ustyuzhna, Rybinsk, Yaroslavl'
and other locations.
The hotels in the city have not improved much since Soviet times.
One exception is the new hotel "Amparo," although it is very pricey.
Hotel "Edinstvo" is less expensive, but also not as nice. Some
low-end options include Hotel "Sunday" and Hotel "Leningrad."
In general, there are many good options of places to eat in
Cherepovets as the city is fairly wealthy because of the steel
industry. Some of the best places are: Restaurant "Karavaj" on
Sovetskij Prospect has good Russian cuisine Restaurant "Pizzeria"
has good pizza, although with a Russian twist Restaurant "Park
Palas" on Ulitsa Maksima Gorkogo has good European food and a large
Drink The aforementioned "Park Palas" is
one of the calmer options if you are looking for just a couple of
drinks. There are some bigger nightclubs throughout the city
including "Terminal", "Truba", "Dacha," "Boogie-Woogie," and
Buy The store "Suveniry" on Sovetskij Prospect
has some of the best souvenirs in Russia at the best prices,
including local crafts and costumes. There are many stores along
Sovetskij Prospect and Prospect Lenina to find really anything you
need, although you're better off buying some things in the major
cities. In addition, there are many shopping centers throughout the
city, and they continue to be built.