Ermak Travel Guide

 

Chita

Чита

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Chita

Chita is a city in Eastern Siberia, the Russian Federation. It is the administrative center of the Trans-Baikal Territory and the Chita district. Forms the municipal formation of urban district of the city of Chita as the only settlement in its composition.

Population of Chita is 349,005 people. (2018). It is located in a hollow at the foot of the hills, on the banks of the Chita River at its confluence with the Ingoda River. The climate is sharply continental. Leading industries are energy and food production. Transport hub on the Trans-Siberian Railway and federal highways Р258 “Baikal” and P297 “Amur”, and A350 branches Chita - Zabaykalsk; international Airport.

The historic center has retained a rectangular grid of streets, according to a draft of 1862. Among the monuments of the pre-revolutionary period: “the Church of the Decembrists” of the late 18th century, numerous stone and wooden houses of gold merchants of the early 20th century.

 

 

 

History of Chita

Pyotr Beketov's Cossacks founded Chita in 1653.

After 1825, several of the Decembrists suffered exile to Chita.

According to George Kennan, "Among the exiles in Chita were some of the brightest, most cultivated, most sympathetic men and women that we had met in Eastern Siberia."

When Richard Maack visited the city in 1855, he saw a wooden town, with one, also wooden, church. He estimated Chita's population at under 1,000, but predicted that the city would soon experience fast growth, due to the upcoming annexation of the Amur valley by Russia.

By 1885, Chita's population had reached 5,728, and by 1897 it increased to 11,500.

In 1945, Puyi, the last Emperor of China, and some of his associates were held prisoner in the city, in a former sanatorium for officers.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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