Chita is a city in Eastern Siberia, the Russian
Federation. It is the administrative center of the Trans-Baikal
Territory and the Chita district. Forms the municipal formation of
urban district of the city of Chita as the only settlement in its
Population of Chita is 349,005 people. (2018).
It is located in
a hollow at the foot of the hills, on the banks of the Chita River
at its confluence with the Ingoda River. The climate is sharply
continental. Leading industries are energy and food
production. Transport hub on the Trans-Siberian Railway and federal
highways Р258 “Baikal” and P297 “Amur”, and A350 branches Chita -
Zabaykalsk; international Airport.
The historic center has
retained a rectangular grid of streets, according to a draft of
1862. Among the monuments of the pre-revolutionary period: “the
Church of the Decembrists” of the late 18th century, numerous stone
and wooden houses of gold merchants of the early 20th century.
History of Chita
Pyotr Beketov's Cossacks founded Chita in 1653.
1825, several of the Decembrists suffered exile to Chita.
According to George Kennan, "Among the exiles in Chita were some of
the brightest, most cultivated, most sympathetic men and women that
we had met in Eastern Siberia."
When Richard Maack visited
the city in 1855, he saw a wooden town, with one, also wooden,
church. He estimated Chita's population at under 1,000, but
predicted that the city would soon experience fast growth, due to
the upcoming annexation of the Amur valley by Russia.
1885, Chita's population had reached 5,728, and by 1897 it increased
In 1945, Puyi, the last Emperor of China, and some
of his associates were held prisoner in the city, in a former
sanatorium for officers.