Gimri, Russia

Gimry (Avar: Genub) is a village in the Untsukul region of Dagestan. It forms a rural settlement, the village of Gimry, as the only settlement in its composition.



The name Gimry (in Avar Genub) comes from the word “geni” - pear. They say that several centuries ago there was a continuous forest here, and a pear grove stretched from the area where the old part of the aul is now. The modern Russian-language name of the aul is borrowed from the Kumyk language.



According to the testimony of some historians, people lived on the territory of today's village of Gimry for about 400 years.

Professor Rasul Magomedov believed that Gimry was the capital of the ancient state of Khumraj, which was called As-Sarir. But later the historian Timur Aitberov proved that Gimry was not the capital of this state. In this regard, historians did not extensively consider and study the history of this village, the year of its foundation remains unknown to this day.

In the history of the Caucasian War
The village of Gimry played a significant role in the history of the peoples of Dagestan, the Caucasus and Russia. Here were born two imams of Dagestan - Gazimagomed and Shamil, the first of whom united the highlanders with the teachings of Sharia, the ideas of independence, freedom and equality, and the second energetically waged a holy war for these ideas for three decades.

During the Caucasian War of 1817-1864, this impregnable mountain stronghold was defended by a detachment of highlanders led by Imam Gazi-Magomed. The aul was taken on October 17, 1832 by a Russian detachment under the command of General G.V. Rosen, numbering about 10 thousand people.

After a fierce assault, the Russians broke into Gimry. Then Gazimagomed and 15 murids, among whom was the future imam Shamil, took refuge in the watchtower. From there they tried to break into the mountains. During the battle, almost all of them, including the imam himself, died. Shamil managed to escape. The Russians lost 480 people during the assault (including 41 killed).

The fall of the aul of Gimry and the death of Gazi-Magomed complete the first stage of the gazavat in the North Caucasus. A new aggravation of hostilities in the area began after Imam Shamil came to power in Chechnya and Dagestan.

The village of Gimry was for several years the capital of the theocratic Islamic state of Imamat, which existed on the territory of Dagestan and Chechnya in 1829-1859, which was most developed during the reign of Imam Shamil.

Since the 90s. XX century to the present, the village is constantly being cleaned up by the RF Armed Forces. The counter-terrorist operation regime in Gimry was introduced on December 15, 2007 after the murder of the deputy of the People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan Gazimagomed Magomedov in the village of Gimry.

2012 events
On January 10, 2012, law enforcement officers and military personnel blocked Gimry. Heavy military equipment, in the amount of 150 units and a large number of military personnel, was pulled up to the village. A curfew was imposed, from 8 pm to 7 am, and it was forbidden to go outside. The village itself was divided by the security forces into several sectors, and a house search was conducted. On January 13, villagers reported cases of beating of villagers.

On January 14, 2012, the villagers held a rally, which was attended by about 1000 people, demanding to lift the CTO regime. By January 17, 2012, the CTO regime in the village was lifted.

2013-2014 events
Law enforcement officers beat several fellow villagers and behaved rudely. On January 13, in the center of the village, there was a quarrel between the security forces and the Gimri youth. It seemed to one of the riot policemen that he was being filmed with a mobile phone camera, the conflict escalated into a fight, the soldiers started shooting in the air, literally in a few minutes dozens of villagers gathered in the center of the village, after which the Gimri residents gathered.

On April 11, 2013, law enforcement officers entered the village; heavy military equipment in the amount of 450-500 units was brought up to the village. The village was completely blocked off, a corridor was opened for residents, through which part of the residents left the village. By noon, a machine-gun and submachine gun fire began between the commandos and the extremist militants. By nightfall, three of the extremists who resisted the riot police were killed. They were previously identified as members of the Gimrinsky group, who operated under the leadership of Ibragim Hajidadayev.

During the storming of the area where the discovered extremists were hiding, the security forces were fired upon from the direction of the village. Return fire was fired from the security forces. Late in the evening, the remaining extremists, who were shooting at the special forces from the direction of the village, broke through the cordon.

It is assumed that among them were the qadi of Dagestan, the amir of the Mining sector Magomed Suleimanov, the qadi of the Caucasus Emirate Aliaskhab Kebekov, and others.

On August 7, 2013, Acting President of Dagestan Ramazan Abdulatipov met with a group of residents of the village of Gimry. During the meeting R. Abdulatipov said:
“Nobody should come to you to put things in order, you must restore order yourself. People come to you to save you from bandits, and you shoot them in the back. Then come complaining that you are not being treated like that. "

On September 18, 2014, the village of Gimry, which is adjacent to the village of Gimry, was blocked by security officials and the military, whose number is more than 1000. Entrances and exits were blocked by military equipment. The next day, yard visits and checks of all residents began.


On September 22, at night, shooting from large-caliber weapons began in the village. And on October 2, information appeared that three militants were killed in a shootout and one riot policeman was seriously wounded. The Gimrinsky road tunnel is closed, the settlement and the village are still blocked, the CTO has been announced.

On October 20, 2013, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Dagestan reported that 18 residents of the village of Gimry were suspected of having “joined the Gimrinskaya sabotage and terrorist group under the leadership of Magomed Suleimanov, who was on the federal wanted list.

Gimry Agreement
On February 6, 2014, an agreement was signed on interaction between the Government of the Republic of Dagestan, the administration of the municipal district "Untsukulsky district", the administration of the rural settlement "Gimry village" and the public of the rural settlement "Gimry village".

The subject of the agreement was to ensure interaction between the parties in the field of countering extremism and terrorism on the territory of the rural settlement "Gimry village" and the implementation of measures for the socio-economic development of the municipal district "Untsukul District". The goals of the agreement are to preserve peace and stability, strengthen the rule of law and law and order, improve the socio-political and socio-economic situation in the municipal district "Untsukul District".

The obligations of the village community included:
take all legal measures to return to a peaceful life the natives of the village who participate in the activities of illegal armed groups, including outside the country,
together with law enforcement agencies, prevent those who are related to illegal armed groups and assist their members from entering the village,
provide assistance to law enforcement agencies during counter-terrorism operations in the village.
create a people's squad on the territory of the village, conduct agitation work among young people about the need to support law enforcement agencies in the fight against illegal armed groups,
send young people to law enforcement agencies to participate in the maintenance of public order.
develop and implement measures aimed at improving the efficiency of the public in rural settlements to prevent the involvement of residents of rural settlements in the ranks of illegal armed groups,
coordinate the work of local authorities of the district and rural settlement, the community of the village on the implementation of the terms of the Agreement
ensure the organization and quarterly holding of gatherings of village residents to address issues identified in the Agreement,
to carry out explanatory work among the villagers about the criminal essence of the ideology of extremism and terrorism,
coordinate the work of the people's squad of a rural settlement, etc.

The signing of the agreement was attended by Prime Minister Abdusamad Gamidov, Deputy Prime Minister Ramazan Jafarov, Deputy Head of the Administration of the Head and Government of the Republic of Dagestan Artur Israpilov, Head of the Untsukul District Shamil Magomedov, as well as 12 representatives of the public from the village of Gimry.

2015 events
On March 30, 2015, an accumulation of military equipment and military personnel was noticed a kilometer from the village.

On June 23, during special measures near the settlement of Gimry, a shootout took place, after which the CTO regime was introduced: two militants and a serviceman were killed. The militants belonging to the "Gimri" group were identified as Amir Abdurakhman Abdurakhmanov and his subordinate Ramazan Kamilbegov.

On the outskirts of the village, in the area of ​​Ginidukal (Ginidukokkal), the military fought a large-scale battle using heavy equipment and aircraft. In connection with the special operation, the Gimrinsky road tunnel was closed. In the afternoon, additional military equipment was sent to the Gimram.

On August 10, a CTO regime was introduced in the Untsukul district and the Gimrinsky tunnel was closed. During the special operation, four people were killed, Magomed Suleimanov, head of the Caucasus Emirate, Said Kamilov (Arakansky), “the leader of the“ mining sector ”of Dagestan, Omar Suleimanov and Abdula Abdullaev.

On August 12-13, there was heavy shooting in the area of ​​the village and the access control continued to operate. The security forces released people only on the basis of lists. These included employees of the administration, police, and also some employees of the hydroelectric power station. The rest of the villagers were not allowed out. On August 14, the special operation in the area of ​​the village continued.

On August 16, in a forest near the village of Gimry, 30-year-old Magomed Abdulaev, known underground as Abu Dudzhana Gimrinsky, who had been the “emir” of the “Gorny Sektor” since September 30, 2014 and who headed the international terrorist organization “Imarat Kavkaz”, was killed in a shootout with the security forces in a shootout with the security forces »After the death of Magomed Suleimanov.


On August 20, despite the cancellation of the CTO regime, the access control and restrictions related to the movement of local residents continued to operate in the village.

On October 10-12, a CTO regime was declared in the village and an operation was carried out to neutralize the militants.

On October 11, as a result of a special operation, three alleged militants were killed: Ruslan Ibragimov, Akhmed Abdurakhmanov and Shamil Shamilov, and one FSB officer was also killed.

On October 19, residents of the village Gazimagomed Aligadzhiev and Gazimagomed Kamilbegov, suspected of involvement with the militants, were detained after voluntarily surrendering to the authorities.

On October 24, as part of a counter-terrorist operation announced in the village of Gimry, a house was blocked, a shootout ensued, as a result of which an alleged member of the armed underground was killed. He was identified as a 36-year-old local resident, Abdula Nustafayev (Nustapaev). According to the NAC, he was an active member of the "Gimri" group of militants, the organizer of the explosion at the Irganai hydroelectric power station in September 2010.

2016 events
On June 1, 2016, members of the HRC, who visited Dagestan, stated that in the village of Gimry, the practice of registering for preventive maintenance is very common, and even in relation to that part of the population that is not related to members of illegal armed groups.