Description of the Transfiguration Cathedral in Ivanono
Construction of Transfiguration Cathedral began on
August 27, 1889 and lasted until 1893 under supervision of Moscow
architect Alexandr Stepanovich Kaminsky. Most of the funds for the
new church was provided by wealthy industrialist M.N. Garelin. The
consecration of this church took place on August 24, 1893. External
details were made in a manner similar to Russian architecture of the
17th century. Icons of iconostasis were written (not painted in
Russian tradition) by Moscow artist Y.I. Ruchkin, while the wall
frescoes were made by another artist Belousov. Many of the icons in
the church were donated by Garelin family.
Originally Transfiguration Cathedral was intended to
house about 700 residents of Ryliha village, but in the early 20th
century it grew significantly and became part of Ivanovo
metropolitan area. Additionally Soviet Revolution of 1917 led to
closure of several Christian Orthodox churches in other areas of
Ivanovo. Many people were forced to come here and pray in cramped
conditions. It was finally closed by atheist government and on May
19, 1940 frescoes were destroyed by direct order from the regional
executive committee. During World War II atheist Soviet government
was forced to reopen many churches and monasteries in Russia.
Transfiguration Cathedral in Ivanovo became one of the lucky ones.
On November 17, 1944 the church was re- opened. It got a status of
cathedral or a seat of a bishop, head of Diocese of Ivanovo-
Kineshma. It was one of the few open Orthodox Churches so there were
few options for a service. Frescoes were painted on walls again,
iconostasis was reconstructed. Two side chapels were dedicated to
Saint Nicholas and Kazan Icon of the Mother of God.
Today Transfiguration Cathedral of Ivanovo has an
active parish. They hold Sunday school classes for children 6- 10
years. Additionally they provide help to elderly, patients in
hospital and involved with foster kids in Ivanovo.