Ermak Travel Guide

 

Kaluga

Калуга

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Kaluga

Kaluga is a city in the European part of Russia, in the Central Federal District, the administrative center of the Kaluga Region. It is located on the banks of the Oka and its tributaries - Yachenka, Kaluzhki, Terepts, Kiyevki, 160 km south-west of the center of Moscow, 80 km from the new borders of Moscow. Kalyga has two railway stations: Kaluga-1 and Kaluga-2. Kaluga International Airport was opened after reconstruction in the summer of 2015.

From 1892 to 1935, the eminent inventor, cosmonautics theorist K. E. Tsiolkovsky lived and worked in Kaluga. In 1967, the State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics was opened, the first in the world and the largest in Russia, created with the direct participation of Sergey Korolev, Yuri Gagarin and other cosmonauts of the USSR.

 

 

 

Kaluga is a city with a developed infrastructure, a major transportation hub, one of the scientific, cultural, economic and spiritual centers of Russia. Mechanical engineering and automotive industry are actively developed. The city is one of the historical centers of Russia, where a large number of architectural monuments has been preserved.

Kaluga is among the top three in terms of cleanliness and livability among cities of the Russian Federation, which are the administrative centers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and have a population of 100 to 500 thousand residents.

 

 

History of Kaluga

Kaluga, founded in the mid-14th century as a border fortress on the southwestern borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, first appears in the historical record in chronicles in the 14th century as Koluga; the name comes from Old Russian kaluga - "bog, quagmire". During the period of Tartar raids it was the western end of the Oka bank defense line. The Great stand on the Ugra River was fought just to the west. In the Middle Ages Kaluga was a minor settlement owned by the Princes Vorotynsky. The ancestral home of these princes lies southwest of the modern city.

On 19 January 1777 the Kaluga drama theatre opened its first theatrical season, established with the direct participation of the Governor-General M. N. Krechetnikov.

Kaluga is connected to Moscow by a railway line and by the ancient roadway, the Kaluga Road (now partly within Moscow (as Starokaluzhskoye Shosse - the Old Kaluga Highway), partly the A101 road). This road offered Napoleon his favored escape route from the Moscow trap in the fall of 1812. But General Kutuzov repelled Napoleon's advances in this direction and forced the retreating French army onto the old Smolensk road, previously devastated by the French during their invasion of Russia.

On several occasions during the Russian Empire Kaluga was the residence of political exiles and prisoners such as the last Crimean khan Şahin Giray (1786), the Kyrgyz sultan Arigazi-Abdul-Aziz (1828), the Georgian princess Thecla (1834–1835), and the Avar leader Imam Shamil (1859–1868).

Kaluga was briefly occupied by the German army in Operation Barbarossa during the climactic Battle of Moscow. It was occupied from October 12, 1941 to December 30, 1941.

In 1944 the Soviet Government used its local military buildings to intern hundreds of Polish POWs—soldiers of the Polish Underground Home Army—whom the advancing Soviet front had arrested by in the Vilno area.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

How to get there
By plane
You can fly to Kaluga and in the opposite direction with regular flights of the following companies: Komiaviatrans, RusLine and Yamal ATK, from the cities of Anapa, Belgrade, St. Petersburg, Sochi, Simferopol, Ufa, Mineralnye Vody.

1 Kaluga International Airport (IATA: KLF), Grabtsevskoye Highway 79 (bus 4 to the Airport stop). galanova@airkaluga.ru ☎ +7 (4842) 77-00-77. Open 05.00 - 15.00 UTC.

 

By train
From Moscow from Kievsky station. Art. Kievskaya metro station on the Moscow-Kaluga-1 suburban electric train (travel time more than 3 hours) or express train to Kaluga-1 (travel time about 2.5 hours) or long-distance trains that transit via train d stations "Kaluga-1" and "Kaluga-2".
From St. Petersburg from Moscow Station 1 (Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya) line Sq. Vosstaniya, 3 (Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya) Mayakovskaya line by train No. 140 (St. Petersburg-Bryansk), to the station "Kaluga-2".
From Tula from Moskovsky railway station, on commuter diesel trains: (Tula-Kaluga), (Uzlovaya-Kaluga) to Kaluga-1
From Vyazma from the railway station on a suburban diesel train (Vyazma-Kaluga) to the station. Kaluga-1.
From Tashkent from the Northern Railway Station (Toshkent metro station) by train No. 383 (Tashkent - S. Petersburg) to the station. Kaluga-1.
2 "Kaluga-1" (Kaluga-1 Station), Vokzalnaya Square, 3 (Change to: bus. 1, 12, 19, 29, 30, 31, 45, 76, 83, 84, 94, tb. 12). ☎ +7 (800) 775-00-00. 00: 00-24: 00. $ 100. The railway station of the Moscow railway on the chord line Vyazma - Syzran in the city of Kaluga. It has the status of a precinct station, in terms of the volume of work, it is classified as Class I. The railway station Kaluga-1 is part of the Moscow Regional Directorate of the Directorate of Railway Stations. The station is located north of the city center. The main course of the line in this place makes a loop, going deep inside the city.
3 Kaluga-2 (Kaluga-2 Station), Kaluga-2. st. Privokzalnaya (Replantation: bus. 20, 30, m / t20). ☎ +7 (800) 775-00-00. 00: 00-24: 00. $ 100. Railway station of the Moscow Railway on the line Tikhonov Pustyn - Sukhinichi, station, in the urban district of Kaluga. The secondary station (the main station is Kaluga-1). Due to the remoteness from the main part of the city, it is not popular with passengers, although it takes only 15-20 minutes to get to the bus. The station is located in the village of railway workers, located about 11 km from the main part of the city. The station was opened on May 26, 1959 on the site of the former station of Sergiev Skit.

By bus
From Moscow: from bus stations near metro stations: Metro station orange.png Teply Stan, Shchelkovskaya metro station, or from bus stations near Kievskaya metro station, Yugo-Zapadnaya. Buses to Kaluga depart every hour (several flights per hour). The line is open daily from 05:00 to 22:00 depending on the place of departure in Moscow (See the schedule at the points of departure).

The city has a direct bus service to the cities: Moscow, Kozelsk, Lyudinovo, Kirov (Kaluga region), Bryansk, Tula, Aleksin, Bogoroditsk, Venev, Dubna, Smolensk, Plavsk, Suvorov, Yasnogorsk, etc. on the bus station website). The cost of services for the sale of tickets of the return direction at the ticket office of the Kaluga bus station is from 25 rubles for each ticket.

4 Bus station "Kaluga", Vokzalnaya square, 3 (area of ​​the railway station Kaluga-1 station) (tb. 1, 12, m / t1, 12, 29, 31, 45, 76, 83). ☎ +7 (4842) 78-36-78. 04: 30-22: 00. Tickets can be ordered by calling 78-36-86, 78-36-99 from 9:00 to 18:00. The cost of the service for booking a ticket by phone is 60 rubles. for each ticket. An additional item for the sale of tickets for suburban and intercity buses on Gagarin Street, 5.

By car
From Moscow on the highways M3 (distance ~ 170 kilometers) or A130.

Transport
Municipal trolleybus, bus, and also a fixed-route taxi: a single fare (fare) - 16 rubles. Passenger and cargo taxi can be easily ordered at any time. The city has a large number of services that carry passengers and cargo. Prices from 50 rubles.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips