Khasavyurt, Russia


Khasavyurt (kum. Khasav-yurt, from the Kumyk settlement of Khasava, Chech. Khasi-Evl) is a city in southern Russia, in the Republic of Dagestan. The city of Khasavyurt is located on the Kumyk plain, which is part of the Tersko-Sulak lowland, at an altitude of 121 m above sea level. The Yaryksu and Aktash rivers flow through Khasavyurt (flows along the northeastern edge of the city). The southern new buildings of the city rise to the foothills along both banks of the river. Yaryks.

The urban area of Khasavyurt borders on the Khasavyurt and Novolaksky (in the southwest) districts.



The city is named after the Kumyk prince Khasava, a native of the village of Kostek, translated from Kumyk as “the village of Khasava”. On June 4, 1826, at the direction of General A.P. Yermolov, the chief Kumyk police officer, Colonel Musa Khasav, was ordered to build a settlement on the Yaryksu River with a military garrison in it in order to protect the villages of the Kumyk plane from the raids of the Chechens. Musa Khasav organized the resettlement of 100 families from Endirey and Kostek to a new village. By the beginning of the winter of 1826-1827. Ermolov's order was carried out.

In November 1831 Imam Gazi-Magomed makes a rapid raid through Kumykia to Kizlyar, destroying the village of Khasavyurt on the way, but it was soon restored; on the map of the North-Eastern Caucasus, compiled in the 30s. XIX century, the village of Khasavyurt is designated.

At the beginning of 1843, Major General Freytag, in order to finally block the exit of Imam Shamil's supporters from the mountains to the Kumyk Plane, filed a petition with the commander-in-chief of the Caucasian line, Lieutenant General Gurko, to build a fortress on the Yaryksu River. On May 4, 1846, work began in the fortification of Jaryksuv, which was led by soldiers from the fortresses Gerzel and Vnezapnaya. And soon the 80th Jaeger Kabardinsky regiment was transferred with permanent deployment, which completed the construction of the fortification located 1.5 - 2 km from the village of Khasavyurt. In the same year, it was requested to rename the fortress to Khasavyurt. In reports from 1847, the fortification is already called Khasavyurt.


In 1848, construction began on a new, stronger fortification on the site of the present city market. The fortification was surrounded on three sides by an adobe wall 1.5 m thick and 2.5 m high with three brick towers and loopholes at the corners, and the western side had no walls - it was defended by the cliff of the Yaryksu river bank. Separate houses appeared between the first and second fortifications. In the north of the fortification a forstadt arose - the home of family officers and soldiers. A deep ditch was dug along the fortification and forstadt. In 1867, Khasavyurt became a suburb with civil administration.

After the end of the Caucasian War and the reform of the Dagestan and Tersk regions, the Kumyk district of the Tersk region was renamed into the Khasavyurt district.

On January 1, 1917, the population of Khasavyurt reached 14,028 people, of which 10,494 were permanent residents. The ethnic composition of the settlement was diverse: Russians - 50.5%, Kumyks - 33%, Mountain Jews - 6%, Germans and Persians - 5% each.

At the end of April 1918, the Khasavyurt settlement was burnt down by the Uzun-Khadzhi detachment. After the Civil War, the fortification was restored by the inhabitants of the destroyed houses of the settlement. The status of the city was assigned by the decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the USSR on August 10, 1931.

Chechen-Lak conflict
September 29 - October 3, 1964 in Khasavyurt there were riots (up to 700 people participated in the riots) on a national basis (the Chechen-Lak conflict). 9 people were brought to criminal responsibility. It arose in connection with the resettlement of the Laks to the Chechen villages (present-day Novolaksky district).

Khasavyurt agreements
At the end of August 1996, Aslan Maskhadov and the secretary of the Russian Security Council, Alexander Lebed, signed agreements in Khasavyurt to end hostilities in Chechnya and to gradually withdraw Russian troops from the republic.