Kluchevskoy Nature Park, Russia

Klyuchevskoy Natural Park is included in the UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage List in the nomination "Volcanoes of Kamchatka" (June 25-30, 2001 in Paris at the 25th session of the UNESCO Committee).

The Klyuchevskoy Nature Park is located in the central part of Eastern Kamchatka, 500 km north of the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, its western border is 20 km east of the village of Kozyrevsk, the northern border is 10 km south of the village of Klyuchi. The natural park is located on the territory of the Ust-Kamchatsky municipal district, partially (the southwestern section of the park) captures the territory of the Milkovsky municipal district.

The initiators of the creation of the Klyuchevskoy Natural Park were the State Enterprise Kamchatgeologiya, the State Institution "Directorate of Natural Parks of Kamchatka" and the Public Fund for the Protection of Kamchatka.

The well-known Kamchatka traveler and a person who is not indifferent to the problems of protecting Kamchatka nature, ecologist V. I. Menshikov, took an active part in the work on creating a natural park.

The purpose of creating a natural park is to preserve the unique natural landscapes of the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes and rational use of recreational resources of the Ust-Kamchatsky and Milkovsky regions.

The Klyuchevskoy Nature Park is the youngest and one of the most beautiful natural parks in Kamchatka. Its territory can be called the land of fire and ice. Within the boundaries of the park there are famous volcanoes: Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamen, Ushkovsky, Plosky Tolbachik, Bezymyanny, Krestovsky, Bolshaya and Malaya Udina, Ostry Tolbachik, Ovalnaya and Ploskaya Zimina, more than 400 cinder cones, as well as 47 glaciers, including the largest glaciers Kamchatka - Bogdanovich and Erman.

On the territory of the Klyuchevskoy park, along with kilometers of volcanic "lunar" landscapes of hardened lavas, ash and slag, there is a variety of flora and fauna. Bighorn sheep calve here, there are colonies of the black-capped marmot, sable, lynx, wolverine, hares are found in abundance, the population of elk is increasing, and the brown Kamchatka bear is the absolute owner of this territory. Wild ducks, geese, partridges, wood grouse, swans, Steller's sea eagles nest here. The rivers are inhabited by grayling, char, salmon fish come to spawn. The plant world is also diverse, more than 400 species of plants grow here, characterizing all types of zonal vegetation of Eastern Kamchatka: from spruce, deciduous and birch forests to alpine meadows, mountain tundra and highlands.

On the territory of the natural park there are 7 unique natural objects - natural monuments of regional significance: Sheep Rocks, Ambon Stone, Sculpture Gorge, Stone Woodpile, Edelweiss Glade, landscapes of the Tolbachinsky eruption of 1975–1976. (including the Dead Forest).

These places attract volcanologists, geologists, climbers and tourists who are interested in ongoing modern volcanic processes and pristine nature. Here you can see how life was born on the planet, climb to the craters of active volcanoes, walk on the surface of a lava flow that has not yet cooled down and on the ice of the largest glaciers in Kamchatka.


The regime of protection and use of the territory

The procedure for entering the territory of the natural park is regulated by the Regulations on the natural park. In connection with risky and extreme tourism on the territory of the Klyuchevskoy park, it is necessary to obtain a permit to visit at the office of the KGBU “Natural Park “Volcanoes of Kamchatka”” and in the search and rescue team of the Russian Emergencies Ministry in the Kamchatka Territory.

On the territory of the natural park, hunting for hunting species of animals is allowed under permits (licenses), as well as commercial licensed fishing in fishery areas.


Supervising organization

Regional State Budgetary Institution "Natural Park "Volcanoes of Kamchatka"".

684000, Russia, Kamchatka Territory, Elizovo, st. Zavoyko, 33. Phone: 8 (415-31) 7-24-00, fax: 8 (415-31) 7-39-41.

E-mail: park@mail.kamchatka.ru



Sheep rocks
They are located in the upper reaches of the Studenaya river, on its right bank, at the mouth of the Baraniye stream. The natural monument is a rocky outcrop on the southwestern slopes of Bezymyanny volcano.

The picturesque mountain landscape is formed as a result of the interaction of endogenous and exogenous processes. The lavas of the Bezymyanny volcano were actively affected by water and atmospheric phenomena. Deflation and weathering have led to the formation of unique landforms, reminiscent of low-drooped sheep's foreheads with overhanging swirling horns.

stone woodpile
A squeezed-out extrusive dome near the Nameless Volcano, formed many thousands of years ago during an eruption. During cooling, the lava was split by a system of cracks into separate small five-sided blocks resembling logs.

Ambon stone
A piece of terrain in an active volcanic region with a huge block of Ambon, which broke away from the Kamen volcano during a grandiose collapse that occurred 1,200-1,300 years ago. The stone reaches the size of 50×20×30 m, and the weight is 40-45 thousand tons.

Northern and Southern outbursts of the BTFE (Great Fissure Tolbachik Eruption)
The northern outburst occurred 18 km southwest of the central crater of the Plosky Tolbachik volcano. The eruption of the Northern Breakthrough lasted 72 days. As a result of the eruption in July-September 1975, three cinder cones were formed, clearly expressed in the relief, stretching in a chain in the northeast direction, a series of lava flows descending along the western slope of the Tolbachik field, and an ash-lava cover with an area of 875 km2.

The southern outburst occurred 28 km south of the central crater of the Plosky Tolbachik volcano and 1 km west of the cinder cone of Mount Kamenistaya. It is represented by one cinder cone 165 m high. The foot of the cone is strongly deformed, with clearly visible elements of subsidence and pulling apart at the time of lava outpouring. In addition, a wide lava field is noted near the South Break, formed by numerous flows of liquid lava. The area of the field is 39.5 km2, the length to the west is 9.5 km.

Statue Gorge
On the slopes of the volcano Ostry Tolbachik contains a large number of linear dikes of basaltic and basaltic andesite composition.

Dikes are called geological bodies formed when cracks are filled with igneous material. They are characterized by small thickness (up to 5 m) and large extent (3–10 km). Several such dikes are exposed in the valley on the southwestern slope of Volk. Acute Tolbachik, which was called the "Valley of the Sculptures". Their formation took place several thousand years before the Great Fissure Tolbachik Eruption.

After the lava was squeezed out along the cracks through the loose tuff and dense lava formations of the volcano’s edifice, erosion destroyed unstable rocks, and only remnants of dikes remained on the surface, which were either walls up to a few tens of meters long, or columns 10 to 30 meters high. m. In the lower part of the remnants exposed in the lower reaches of the valley, spherical lavas are well expressed, which indicates the outpouring of lavas in underwater conditions.

Glade of edelweiss
It is located in the upper reaches of the Studenaya River on the Ploskaya Hill and is a reference site of untouched nature with a rare plant community with the participation of Kamchatka edelweiss {Leontopodium kamtschaticum).

Dol of the Kozyrevskaya dry river on the western plume of the Ploskaya hill
The landscape of young volcanic regions, dotted with rock groves, cinder fields and plateau-like hills. The natural monument is of great scientific interest - it is an object of monitoring the geomorphological and succession processes of the formation of forest ecosystems under the conditions of volcanogenic pressure and exogenous influences.



On the territory of the natural park, in general, the climate is continental, but areas with a suboceanic and subcontinental climate are distinguished. The warmest months of the year are July and August, the coldest is February.


Flora and fauna

420 species of vascular plants grow on the territory of the natural park. Kamchatka and golden rhododendrons, alpine arctous, lycopsus cassiopeia, Steller's garrimonella, creeping wild rosemary, large-flowered single flower, Aleutian phyllodoce are common. The park has a large number of mushrooms and berries: honeysuckle, princess, blueberries, lingonberries, porcini mushrooms, boletus and boletus. Tree species include larch, spruce, stone birch, elfin cedar, etc. Bighorn sheep, elk, wolverine, lynx, brown bear, hare live here. Wild ducks, geese, partridges, wood grouse, swans, Steller's sea eagles nest in the park.