Ermak Travel Guide

 

 

Kyzyl

.

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Kyzyl

Kyzyl (Tuv. Kyzyl - Red) is a city in the Russian Federation, the capital of the Republic of Tyva. Forms the urban district of the city of Kyzyl. Kyzyl claims to be located exactly in the geographical center of Asia. Whether these coordinates are in fact the center of Asia is disputed (e.g., Ürümqi in China makes a similar claim). However, there is a monument labelled "Center of Asia" in English, Russian, and Tuvan which asserts this claim. Tos-Bulak is the area of open fields and mineral springs which lies immediately south of Kyzyl.

Kyzyl is located where the Yenisei River meets the Maly Yenisey River to form the Verkhny Yenisey. Most development is south of the river and follows the curves of the river, with the highest development centered where the two headstreams of the Yenisei, the Bii-Khem (Russian: Большой Енисей), and the Kaa-Khem (Russian: Малый Енисей), meet. A monument was built in 1964 on the river bank to mark this.

 

 

 

History of Kyzyl

Kyzyl was founded in 1914 as Belotsarsk (Белоца́рск, lit. White Tsar's town). In 1918, it was renamed Khem-Beldir (Хем-Белдир), and in 1926 it was given its present name. In September 2004, Kyzyl celebrated its 90th anniversary as a city.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

How to get there
By plane
1 Airport. Airport Kyzyl. This airport is small and offers flights to and from the Siberian center of Krasnoyarsk as well as Raduzhny, Khantia-Mansia for some odd reason. The direct flights from Moscow to Kyzyl go twice a week via Ufa, Bashkiria's capital, departing from Moscow on Sunday and Wednesday.

By train
2 Abakan railway station. Railway station of the city of Abakan. The best option is to take the train from Moscow to Abakan (76 hours), with one-way fares varying from approximately 4,000 Rub (US$160) to 9,500 Rub (US$390). The price changes according to peak tourist seasons in Russia: by far the cheapest day to travel is 1 January, while July is the most expensive.
 
By car
3 Federal Highway R257 Yenisei (Usinsk highway). The federal highway Yenisei R257 or otherwise the Usinsky tract, the M-54 is the only road between Abakan and Kyzyl.

By bus
4 Passenger ATP of Kyzyl. Bus station Kyzyl. It is possible to take a bus from Abakan in neighboring Khakassia. While a night bus is an option, don't take it! The route meanders through the gorgeous Sayan mountain landscapes of the Ergaki region, which would be foolish to miss. The train from Moscow arrives in Abakan at 06:00, and apart from the bus, there will be plenty of taxi drivers offering to take you to Kyzyl (approximately 420 km from Abakan) for 1,000 — 1,500 Rub (US$40-60). There is a possibility that you may have to register at the Russian-Tuvan border — just hand over your passport to the police officer, there is no fee for the service. You may even travel by bus from as far as Krasnoyarsk, but expect it to be a long evening and night in a bus. The road in Tuva is being renovated, but otherwise the trip is smooth.

On the ship
The city of Kyzyl has no access to the sea.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips