Mosalsk is a city in Russia, the regional center
of Mosalsky district of the Kaluga region. It forms the city of
Mosalsk with the same name municipality with the status of an urban
settlement as the only settlement in its composition. The city is
located in the west of the Kaluga region, 18 km from the A101
Moscow-Roslavl highway, 42 km from the Baryatinskaya railway
station, 80 km west of Kaluga.
The first mention of Mosalsk dates back to 1231, when the city,
at that time called Masalsk, was part of the Chernigov principality.
Later it became the main city of the specific Mosalsky principality.
At the beginning of the XV century Mosalsk was under the rule of
Lithuania. It was occupied by the troops of Ivan III in 1493. At the
beginning of the XVI century, it finally became part of Russia.
From 1776 - Mosalsk is the district city of Mosalsky district of
the Kaluga governorship (from 1796 - the Kaluga province). In the
middle of the XIX century, Mosalsk was an important transit point
for goods on the way from Smolensk to St. Petersburg and Riga. The
merchants' dynasty of Mamontov originates from this city.
Since 1929, the city has been the district center of the Mosalsky
District of the Sukhinichsky District of the Western Region (since
1944, Kaluga Region). During the Great Patriotic War, Mosalsk was
occupied by Nazi troops from October 6, 1941 to January 8, 1942. In
1980-1990, new neighborhoods were built in the city.