Nogliki, Russia


Nogliki is an urban-type settlement, the administrative center of the Municipal Formation Nogliki City District of the Sakhalin Region of Russia. Population - 10 486 people. (2020).



Some believe that this is an ethnonym that owes its origin to the self-name of one of the Sakhalin Nivkh clans "Noglan", and hence the historical name of their camp is derived - "Noglvo", or in the Russified version of "Nogliki". Others believe that in its fundamental principle it is a hydronym, and associate the appearance of the name of the settlement with the small river Nogliki - the right tributary of the Imchin River, which flows, in turn, into the Tym River in its lower reaches. In the modern pronunciation, these names are undoubtedly a distortion of the original ones, for the Nivkhs called the river Nogly-ngi, and their camp, which was once located on the site of the present regional center, was called Nogl-vo. The name of the river is associated with the numerous surface oil shows in its basin and means "smelling river"; from the words "leg" - smelly and "and" - river.

The Japanese occupation of Northern Sakhalin lasted from April 21, 1920 to May 15, 1925.

During the Second World War, the Nogliki oilmen rendered a great service to the front in oil. The whole army was kept on fuel. The motto of the oilmen from the north of Sakhalin, including the Noglikskys: "More oil for our tanks, planes, ships!"

The status of an urban-type settlement - since 1960.

In the summer of 1998, severe fires blazed on the territory of several northern districts of the Sakhalin Oblast, including Nogliki. The fire came close to the village and threatened it with real destruction. Preparing to evacuate the population of the village, created voluntary fire brigades. For several weeks there was dense smog over Nogliki, but every day firefighters fought off fire from the village further and further into the depths of the forest. There was no precipitation for a very long time. Finally, a few months later, it began to rain, which removed most of the fire from the forest around the village.

In 2009, buildings were built in the village: the Central Regional Hospital (Central Regional Hospital), the most expensive and largest sports complex on Sakhalin - "Arena".



The climate is moderate monsoon.
Average annual air temperature - -0.9 ° C
Relative air humidity - 77.3%
Average wind speed - 3.8 m / s



Railway transport
From 1953 to 2006, a station of the Okha-Nogliki-Katangli narrow-gauge railway operated in Nogliki. Full passenger traffic on the line ceased in the 1970s (Dagi - Okha section), the last passenger route Nogliki - Dagi was canceled in 1994. The Nogliki - Katangli line was dismantled in 1995, the main Nogliki – Okha line was dismantled in December 2006 - May 2007.

In 1979, the Nogliki station of the Sakhalin region (at the time of the opening of the branch) of the Far Eastern Railway was opened. There is a direct railway connection with Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk by two passenger trains: fast number 003/004 and passenger number 603/604.

Opened September 17, 2007. The airport began work with the acceptance of charter flights from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, delivering watches for work on the Sakhalin-1 and Sakhalin-2 projects and the acceptance of helicopters serving offshore platforms on the Sakhalin shelf.