Okha, Russia

Okha (nivkh. T'oӽ - "dirty river") - a city (since 1938) in Russia, the center of the Okha urban district of the Sakhalin region. Located in the north of Sakhalin Island. Population - 20,016 people. (2020).



In 1880, an oil field was discovered, near which the settlement of Okhe (later - Okha) grew. However, after several unsuccessful attempts to find oil, the village was abandoned. Okha is not included in the list of Sakhalin settlements for 1900. In 1908 there was no settlement at this place.

In 1910, the first oil was produced on the territory of the city by the partnership “Heirs of G. I. Zotov and Co” created a year earlier. The tower, from which the well was drilled under the control of engineer A. V. Mindov, has survived to this day and is a monument to the history of the “Tower of Zotov”.

In 1920-1925 it was occupied by Japan. The first commercial oil was produced in 1921. Many old-timers believe that Okha was founded in 1925. In October 1925 Okha became the center of the Eastern (later Okha) region. The city was named after the Okha River. The origin of the name of the latter still cannot be considered firmly established.

The city flourished in the 1970s and 1980s. In the small town several large cultural sites functioned, such as the Neftyanik cinema, palaces of culture and pioneers. Also, in the mid and late 80s, construction began on new schools and kindergartens of a new type with winter gardens, greenhouses ("Zhuravushka" and "Buratino").

During the crisis of the 90s caused by the collapse of the USSR, the city began to decline, accompanied by a massive departure of residents. Also, the history of Okha was extremely negatively affected by the Neftegorsk earthquake in 1995 with a magnitude of 7.6, which completely destroyed the settlement of Neftegorsk, located 98 km south of Okha. At the same time, it is necessary to note the decisiveness of the residents of the city of Okha, who organized themselves into rescue teams and, after a few hours, moved along the roads broken by the elements under conditions of complete administrative confusion inherent in the mid-90s, from their affected city to help Neftegorsk.

All buildings are built no higher than 5 floors.


The Okha River was first mentioned in the petition of the merchant A.V. Karamushko from the city of Nikolaevsk-on-Amur dated July 7, 1880. It is possible that the name Okha comes from the Evenk word “okha”, meaning the skin from the legs of a reindeer. However, this word also has the meaning of "evil, bad", which is associated with numerous surface oil shows. With this in mind, the name "oha" should be translated as "not a good place." The Nivkh name of Okhi - Vyrgyt - comes from the word "vyrkgyt" - to rot, deteriorate, deteriorate and is translated as "a rotten place". There is also such a legend: once the deer, frightened by the hunters, rushed to run along the green mari, and one fell into a swampy deep "window". When, with the help of the cut branches, the hunters pulled out the unfortunate animal, they saw that the deer's legs and belly were smeared with a black oily liquid. A young Evenk, who noticed that the skin in these places was bursting and blood was oozing, exclaimed: “Oha!”, Which in Evenk means “bad”, “evil”, “thin”.



Okha city belongs to the regions of the Far North, although it is located south of Moscow. The Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the cold East Sakhalin Current determine a harsh climate (moderately cold sea).

Average annual air temperature - -0.2 ° C
Relative air humidity - 71.7%
Average wind speed - 6.3 m / s



As of January 1, 2013, Okha has air and bus connections with other settlements in the Sakhalin region and cities in Russia.

The railway service (the Okha - Moskalvo line and the Okha - Nogliki railway) was terminated in December 2006 due to the dismantling of the Okha - Nogliki railway. The Okha - Moskalvo 1520 mm gauge railway line was dismantled in 1999. The monument to the steam locomotive remains

Air Transport
Air traffic is via Okha Airport. The main destinations are Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

Automobile transport
At the moment, the construction and repair of a road to the south of the island in the direction of Nogliki is underway. There is a bus station that connects the regional center with the settlements of Moskalvo, Nogliki, Nekrasovka, Tungor, Ekhabi, Vostochnoye, Sabo, Laguri.