Palana, Russia

Palana is an urban-type settlement, the administrative center of the Koryak District - an administrative-territorial unit with a special status within the Kamchatka Territory of Russia.



Located on the western coast of Kamchatka, on the right above-floodplain terrace of the Palana River, 7 km from the place of its confluence with the Sea of ​​Okhotsk.

Distance to the regional center, the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (for ground transport) - 936 km, to the village of Tigil - 165 km. The regional airport "Palana" is located 4 km west of the village.

The village is named after the river of the same name, which is translated from Koryak. Pyl'yn means “having a waterfall”. Also, the village has the Koryak name Kameran - literally “the house of dried chum salmon” and the Itelmen name Kylkhit - “the place where birches grow”.



For the first time, the Russian Cossacks-explorers of the Atlasov detachment entered the area of ​​the present settlement in 1697, then there was the Koryak Ostrozhek Angavit, which the Cossacks called the Middle Palansky. In 1876, due to frequent flooding, the settlement was moved to its present location. By 1896, there were 16 houses and 11 dugouts, in which 180 people lived. In the center were a church and a shop. The overwhelming majority of the population were Itelmens and Koryaks, only 20 Russians. Local residents were engaged in fishing and hunting, as well as gathering. At that time, the palans did not keep deer, and sled dogs were the main mode of transport in winter.

By 1920, about 250 people lived in Palana. The village had a church and a school, 37 wooden dwelling houses and 3 dugouts. In 1925, a village club was housed in the church, five years later the building was dismantled and rebuilt into a new House of Culture.

In December 1926, a paramedic station was opened in the village. On October 16, 1930, a radio post office was opened, in 1937 - a library.

On October 15, 1937, by Decree No. 88 of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, the administrative center of the Koryak National District of the Kamchatka Region of the Far Eastern Territory was transferred from the Koryak cultural base to the village of Palana.

On August 23, 1955, by decision No. 60 of the Koryak regional executive committee, a forestry enterprise was organized in Palana, which became responsible for forestry throughout the entire district.

On July 20, 1962, the village of Palana received the status of a working village.

In 1990, the Koryak Pedagogical School was opened in Palana.

In 2000, the nuclear submarine of the Pacific Fleet was named "Palana", while the administration of the Koryak Autonomous Okrug and the crew of the submarine entered into an agreement on patronage.

On June 1, 2003, a park of culture and rest was laid.

On February 18, 2005, the workers' settlement received the status of an urban district.

Until July 1, 2007, the working settlement of Palana was the administrative center of the Koryak Autonomous Okrug, a subject of the Russian Federation, which became part of the newly created Kamchatka Territory as an administrative-territorial unit with a special status.



7 km from Palana, there is a raid unloading point for sea vessels (port point), located at the mouth of the Palana River. The port station provides unloading of ships with fuel, food and manufactured goods from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Vladivostok, Nakhodka and Magadan. The most favorable time of the year for maritime navigation is May-October.

There is an airport of local airlines (Kamchatka Aviation Enterprise), which receives aircraft and helicopters from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and regional settlements. It is also used for freight transport.

Along the 440 km winter road from Palana, you can drive by car to the villages of Esso and Anavgai, located in the Bystrinsky district of the Kamchatka Territory, and from there along the road to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

By 2014, it is planned to complete the construction of an improved winter road to the village of Tigil, along which traffic is possible all year round, the construction of the same winter road to Anavgai will continue.

On September 12, 2012 at 12:28 pm local time (4:28 Moscow time), the An-28 aircraft, following flight number 251 along the route Elizovo (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky) - Palana, crashed 10 kilometers from the village of Palana. 10 people were killed.